Stationing himself on the heights of the palisades, immediately opposite, the Commander-in-Chief now watched with the utmost anxiety the fate of his brave troops.
Two thousand eight hundred men of the American troops were disarmed, and marched off at midnight to New York, prisoners of war. Sad was the fate of many of these, at a later day, in the wretched prisons where they were confined by the enemy, like evil-doers. General Washington's army was now but little more than two thousand men, chiefly encamped at Hackensack, in New Jersey.
An English force, six thousand strong, suddenly crossed the river, to surprise them. General Washington was on the alert. He was compelled to cross the Passaic. The enemy pursued him closely. He reached Trenton, and crossed the broad Delaware. In hot pursuit the English army followed to the banks of the stream. They sought to cross. They hovered awhile on the shore, then scattered themselves over the adjoining country.
That small American army was once more safe, for the moment. The ample waters, flowing broad and deep, formed natural barriers against the invader. But most gloomy were the prospects of the American army, now gathered on the western bank of the Delaware. The future lay dark, and seemingly hopeless, before them.
Stout hearts began to fail. The character of General Washington was assailed. He closed the campaign by securing a favorable encampment for the winter among the heights of Morristown. But, my young friends, we are wandering too far. Time would fail us, were we to linger at every striking event of that memorable war, in which General Washington stands prominent in the foreground. You may find the record of these events already printed on many a page; they are already written, it is to be hoped, on your own young hearts, beyond the power of forgetfulness.
A rapid glance is all we may now allow ourselves.
And darker still, let us not forget the cunning plotting, the undeserved blame, the cowardly abuse; which in those months of gloom were aimed at the noble head of Washington. My children, the generous spirit is best known in the hour of trial.
The winter of was marked as usual with grave cares and severe trials to the Commander-in-Chief. Little sympathy had his generous nature with the petty jealousies, the narrow selfishness, which now began to show themselves but too plainly among the inferior political men of the day. The best men of the country, the men uniting ability with high moral character, were no longer in Congress. The winter of , so terribly cold, is again marked by the sufferings of the American army, in their winter quarters at Morristown. As before, these brave men were left by the careless public officers without clothing, without bread, without meat, without money, in their narrow huts.
Perchance they might have starved but for the kindly sympathy of the people of New Jersey, who brought them supplies out of good-will. There were times when the difficulties appeared all but overwhelming. There was a childish littleness of calculation, a narrowness of views in the proceedings of Congress connected with the army, quite disgraceful; and when it is considered that the fate of the nation was at stake, such a course becomes culpable in the extreme.
To a man of the singular discretion, forethought, and soundness of judgment of the Commander-in-Chief, such mismanagement must have been especially trying. Private affairs managed in the same way, must have brought utter ruin on any man. Happily the resources of nations are greater. When endangered by mismanagement they are often enabled to rally from what appears the brink of ruin. With republics this is especially the case. Thus it was in the war of the Revolution. The great moral principles of simple justice, for which the people and their leaders were honestly contending, buoyed them up amid innumerable stormy perils.
Spring found General Washington at West Point, anxious, as he had been for a long time, to attack New York; but he was not strong enough to undertake a step so important, unsupported by the allied forces of France. A French fleet was hourly expected at Newport. Meanwhile Sir Henry Clinton had sailed southward, reduced Charleston, after a very gallant defence of that city by General Lincoln and his troops, and had again returned northward, leaving Lord Cornwallis in Carolina.
Sir Henry Clinton appeared idle. Ah, little did General Washington know the danger which threatened him from that quarter; little was he aware of the work now plotting under the eye of Sir Henry Clinton! The French fleet arrived. Unsuspicious of evil, General Washington, anxious to prepare for the intended attack on New York, left West Point for Hartford, to meet the commander of the allied forces just arrived.
The traitorous plan was completed. All was ready. At midnight, of a beautiful starlight night, the 21st of September, an English officer landed from a boat at a solitary spot in Haverstraw Bay. It was at the foot of Long Clove Mountain, which threw its starlight shadows over the wild spot. There, concealed in a thicket, shrinking from the dim face of night, as it were, like the guilty creature he was, stood an American general, come there with the vile purpose of selling on that spot, and at that hour, his comrades, his chief, his country, and his honor, for a few paltry pounds of gold.
The guilty tale has been often told to you. Let us have done with it. But, as we pass up and down that grand river to-day, with a speed scarcely leaving time for thought, let us still send up to Heaven an aspiration of thankfulness for the protection vouchsafed in that evil hour to our country, her army, and her great leader. The plot was discovered. General Washington's mind was scarcely relieved from this critical danger, ere his attention was again engrossed by the state of the army. Difficulties, as of old, want of men, and of means, beset his path.
Not a month, not a week, scarcely a day, of those long years was free from trials of this nature. Time and again, well-formed plans of the Commander-in-Chief and his generals were abandoned, for the lack of that aid they had every just reason to demand. Many a victory, many a gallant exploit, my young friends, might have been added to the history of the Revolution, as it now stands on record, had the men and means pledged to the Commander-in-Chief been faithfully provided. The attack on New York was still the project which the Commander-in-Chief had most at heart, believing that one successful blow struck here by the united armies of America and France must insure an early peace.
But, as usual, there was delay. The armies were not yet ready for action. It was on that ground the great battle of the nation was now fought The American troops in that quarter, like their brethren at the North, were often wanting in almost every essential of war but gallant hearts and brave leaders.
And the two armies, which but a few days earlier were closely pursuing each other, one or the other in advance, according to the chances of war, were now seen flying far asunder, towards opposite points, each commander with an object of his own. Lord Cornwallis was eager to reach Virginia, to unite his own diminished forces with the British army already there.
Little did he dream of the circumstances under which, ere many months had passed, he should again pass the bounds of that State! The movements of armies, to the utmost extent of the country, were often planned by him. He may have felt something of additional sympathy, as he saw now his native province laid waste by the enemy.
A proof of the strength of his love of country, of his high sense of honor, is now given to the world, though at the moment known only to the man to whom his rebuke was addressed. Mount Vernon was threatened with fire by the enemy. Other country houses had been recently burned by the British troops, in Virginia. The agent, to save the house and the plantation from ruin, sent provisions to the enemy, and went himself on board their ship. The indignation of Gen. General Washington was now encamped on the Hudson, among the Greenburg hills, about Dobb's Ferry, anxiously awaiting the arrival of additional troops before moving upon New York.
The attack on that city was fully prepared. The French army under General de Rochambeau was lying among the Greenburg hills, in close neighborhood, and in good fellowship with the American troops. The generals had gone over the ground; their plans were complete. But the fresh troops came in very slowly, and in small numbers. General Washington was pained and mortified by these delays, at a moment of the highest importance. At length, however, towards the middle of August, preparations were more actively carried on. At length, on the 19th of August, the army was paraded, with their faces towards New York.
They had expected to attack. They moved to the northward some miles, then crossed the Hudson. The French forces followed in the same direction. But such were not the views of their leaders.
They marched through the Jerseys without pausing, leaving New York in their rear. Now, at length, it became evident that Virginia was their object. Stirring events were taking place on that ground. Generals Lafayette and Wayne, by a series of skilful movements, had not only escaped from the pursuit of Lord Cornwallis, but, carrying out the suggestions of General Washington, had succeeded in throwing a military net-work about the British army, confining it within narrow bounds by a skilful distribution of the American forces.
This intelligence had caused the sudden movement of General Washington and Count de Rochambeau to the southward. They marched through Philadelphia; they passed over much the same ground as in , but under very different circumstances. Lord Cornwallis, finding it impossible to withdraw his army, prepared to defend himself at Yorktown, strengthening the place to the utmost of his power. On the 28th of September the allied American and French armies, twelve thousand strong, began their work as besiegers. Governor Nelson, of Virginia, brought the militia of that State into the field, raising the funds for their expenses by pledging his own private property for the purpose.
The besieging works were commenced, stretching before Yorktown in a semicircle nearly two miles in length. General Washington closely superintended the labors of the troops. He was frequently exposed to great danger; but, as usual, wholly forgetful of personal risks. The English army, now closely shut in on all sides, soon became distressed.
They were compelled to kill their horses for want of forage. Parties were sent out to procure provisions; skirmishes took place. In one of these Col. On the 6th of October, in the depths of a dark night, Gen. It was nearly two miles in length. So silently, and so skilfully, was the work carried on, that the enemy was wholly unaware it was going on, until the morning light appeared.
This work was soon completed. A terrible cannonade followed; General Washington firing the first gun. Nelson was consulted as to the point toward, which the cannonade should be directed, to do most effective work. It was his own. Of course it was destroyed.
During the night he became alarmingly ill. A strong English army appeared, with a summons to surrender. Parents sacrifice all their bare personal needs to educate their children - what do they expect in return? Retail Marketing Management Retail Marketing Management assumed independent status now- having its own variety of challenges. His motives are noble, and disinterested.
All the usual glaring terrors of a regular siege followed. On the 11th, a second line, within three hundred yards of the enemy, was opened by General Steuben. Two British redoubts seriously retarded the work. The French, having a stronger garrison to oppose them, advanced more regularly, but with equal gallantry. Both parties were entirely successful. The loss of these redoubts threw Lord Cornwallis almost into despair. Lord Cornwallis could not endure the idea of surrendering. Two days passed in the necessary consultations. But very different was the management of the siege of Yorktown, carried on with every regular military proceeding, from the protracted labors, the disheartening delays and hinderanccs of that remarkable siege of Boston, in which the Commander-in-Chief first made proof of all his personal powers, as an American general.
With the fall of Yorktown the English Government abandoned all hope. Ere long rumors of peace were heard. The troops were marched to Newburgh. The army under General Washington was not again called into the field.
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And yet its presence in the camp was never more necessary. Now that the attention of the troops was no longer fixed upon the enemy, now that peace was at hand, a peace purchased by their gallantry, they began to turn a sullen eye upon the internal affairs of the country. Even now, when the freedom of the country had been wrought out by their gallantry and fortitude, they were still but half fed! Long arrears of pay were due to them. The murmuring and discontent increased to an alarming degree. The real danger to the nation was, perhaps, greater at that moment than at any period during the Revolution.
A noble burst of indignation was the only reply of the Commander-in-Chief. Never, perhaps, was there a public man more free from the taint of petty personal ambition. Still the mutinous disposition of the army seemed to be gaining ground. The great degree of justice in their complaints increased the danger a thousand-fold. Sharing, as he had done, all the trials and dangers of the army, feeling for the officers and the men with an interest almost fatherly in its warmth, by his calm wisdom, and generous example, he was enabled to control the stormy elements. A close more worthy of the great military career of the Commander-in-Chief could scarcely be named.
And now, on the 19th of April, the eighth anniversary of the battle of Lexington, the close of the war with England was publicly proclaimed to the army. It was still some months, however, ere General Washington was released from public cares. Once more the gates of Mount Vernon opened to receive him; he was once more at rest within those honored walls.
Very happily must the early spring of Virginia have opened to the great and good man. His mind was given once more to the peaceful cares and genial toils of the husbandman. Ere long, loving country life as of old, we find him keeping a diary of all the little events of interest. As the months went round, the days, marked so often in past years with the gloomy trial, the terrible battle, are now given to the peaceful work of the farm and the garden.
In February, the moment when, during a previous year, the threatening military outbreak was gathering to a head in the Highland camp, he is pleasantly engaged in transplanting ivy. He rides over his farms, choosing young trees, elms, ashes, maples, mulberries, for transplanting. He sows acorns and buck-eye, brought by himself from the banks of the Monongahela. The excitement of conflict is over, and there remains many a deep wound to be healed. But there were especial dangers connected with the first movements of a young nation like our own, with a form of government still untried.
There was naturally much of evil passion, of prejudice, of folly, astir. You know already, my young friends, how by thoughtful prudence, plain justice, and a wise conciliation, the evils so much dreaded by every good man were warded off. A wisely framed Constitution for the nation was drawn up, and in happily ratified. A permanent government was now formed.
It remained to choose a President. The eyes of the whole nation were again turned towards Mount Vernon. General Washington had not one secret wish for the honors of the high dignity.
To General Lafayette he wrote that he had no desire "beyond that of living and dying, an honest man, on my own farm. Never was there a public choice more honorable to a people, or to the individual chosen. With noble humility, with virtuous resolution, with manly dignity, the weighty charge was accepted. Seldom indeed has a position of such high honor been assumed from motives so simply pure and disinterested.
On the morning of the 16th of April, General Washington again crossed the threshold of Mount Vernon, again sacrificing the peaceful life he loved, to high public duty. But as the shadows of life lengthen, home becomes far more dear. It is in maturer life, when a knowledge of the vanities of the world without has forced itself clearly upon the mind, that the family hearthstone of a virtuous house becomes to the wise man the dearest spot on earth.
It is there that, next to Heaven, the heart centres. Four long years of weighty care and labor passed over. The work of the nation went on. Laws were enacted. Treaties were made. Taxes were laid.
Opposition awoke. Party spirit became active and violent. And amid the turmoil and uproar of political life, General Washington moved on his course, calm, firm, just, upright as ever. The period for another election came round. He was again unanimously elected President. The first term of his service had been chiefly occupied with the regulation of internal affairs. You can fix with the boat fellow if he agrees to take you in the next round after 2hrs.
You have to travel in the same no boat in which you visited the island. There is a temple, shiv temple, Wells. When you watch the Arabian sea of the walls of the fort you would be energized wid renewed energy and great pride on how this is one of the best fort s built by the Maratha empire. The fort has a temple which is dedicated to the great Maratha chatrapati shivaji, was told it houses the replica swords of him lie in the temple. The boat trip 15 mins to the fort from malvan mainland is beautiful..
You can also do scuba diving and snorkelling. Pls take a guide will share wid u the greatness of this fort. Sindhudurg fort is built on small Island and it is Sea fort surrounded by water. Fortification is intact and fort required more than 1 hour Ferry pick and drop service runs from Malvan jetty. They give you around hour to visit the Fort. Flights Vacation Rentals Restaurants Things to do. Cart 0. Tip: All of your saved places can be found here in My Trips. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers.
Profile Join. Log in Join. Adventurous, scuba diving - Sindhudurg Fort. Sindhudurg Fort. Kurte Island , Malvan , India. Book In Advance. Why Book on TripAdvisor? Adventurous, scuba diving. Review of Sindhudurg Fort. Date of experience: April Ask loreta about Sindhudurg Fort. Thank loreta See all reviews. Reviews Write a Review.
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