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Return to Book Page. Preview — Crimson Dagger by Morgan Rhodes. In "Crimson Dagger," Rhodes introduces us to Magnus as he was before the events of the series unfolded. In this heartbreaking tale, a young Magnus experiences a life-changing event — one that impacts him for years to come and shapes him into the man he becomes.
And truly we wonder that this same earth should have produced anything noxious! Her voice was ever soft, Gentle and low, an excellent thing in woman. A thousand kisses - She pretends to bargain with him. Not that we can ascertain the exact dimensions for to profess to do this would be almost the act of a madman , but that the mind may have some estimate to direct its conjectures. It is, moreover, acknowledged, that their motion is increased when they are in the vicinity of the earth, and diminished when they are removed to a greater altitude ; a point which is most clearly proved by the different altitudes of the moon. Compare from the Sonnets: A crow that flies in heaven's sweetest air Sonn
Get A Copy. More Details Edition Language. Falling Kingdoms 0. Other Editions 4. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Crimson Dagger , please sign up. Should I read this first before the First book Falling Kingdoms? You should probably read the first book of of Falling Kingdoms in my opinion because it may be really, confusing in what is going on. So read the …more You should probably read the first book of of Falling Kingdoms in my opinion because it may be really, confusing in what is going on.
So read the first book first, cause it will make more sense. Does anyone have a link to where I can read this online? Stacy I downloaded it for free via barnes and noble's nook app. See all 6 questions about Crimson Dagger…. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews.
Showing Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Aug 12, Riley added it. How we heal and move forward through adversity. Okay, I suppose. I mean, if i'm really being honest, I don't really see why this was even needed? Ya know? Because his father is a ruthless and heartless bastard!!!! Who has no qualms over killing his own flesh in blood! Really none of this came as a surprise to me like at all. I did love Kara though and i'm crossing my fingers for her to be in future books. If so, she's gonna be one badass chick and having her as a possible future character really excites me :D A colder planet renders one that approaches it paler, one more hot renders it redder, a windy planet gives it a lowering aspect, while the sun, at the union of their apsides, or the extremity of their orbits, completely obscures them.
Each of the planets has its peculiar colour ; Saturn is white, Jupiter brilliant, Mars fiery, Lucifer is glowing, Vesper refulgent, Mercury sparkling, the Moon mild; the Sun, when he rises, is blazing, afterwards he becomes radiating. The appearance of the stars, which are fixed in the firmament, is also affected by these causes. At one time we see a dense cluster of stars around the moon, when she is only half-enlightened, and when they are viewed in a serene evening; while, at another time, when the moon is full, there are so few to be seen, that we wonder whither they are fled; and this is also the case when the rays of the sun, or of any of the above-mentioned bodies , have dazzled our sight.
And, indeed, the moon herself is, without doubt, differently affected at different times by the rays of the sun; when she is entering them, the convexity of the heavens rendering them more feeble than when they fall upon her more directly Hence, when she is at a right angle to the sun, she is half-enlightened; when in the trine aspect, she presents an imperfect orb , while, in opposition, she is full.
Again, when she is waning, she goes through the same gradations, and in the same order, as the three stars that are superior to the sun The Sun himself is in four different states; twice the night is equal to the day, in the Spring and in the Autumn, when he is opposed to the centre of the earth , in the 8th degree of Aries and Libra The length of the day and the night is then twice changed, when the day increases in length, from the winter solstice in the 8th degree of Capricorn, and afterwards, when the night increases in length from the summer solstice in the 8th degree of Cancer The cause of this inequality is the obliquity of the zodiac, since there is, at every moment of time, an equal portion of the firmament above and below the horizon.
But the signs which mount directly upwards, when they rise, retain the light for a longer space, while those that are more oblique pass along more quickly. It is not generally known, what has been discovered by men who are the most eminent for their learning, in consequence of their assiduous observations of the heavens, that the fires which fall upon the earth, and receive the name of thunder-bolts, proceed from the three superior stars , but principally from the one which is situated in the middle. It may perhaps depend on the superabundance of moisture from the superior orbit communicating with the heat from the inferior, which are expelled in this manner ; and hence it is commonly said, the thunder-bolts are darted by Jupiter.
And as, in burning wood, the burnt part is cast off with a crackling noise, so does the star throw off this celestial fire, bearing the omens of future events, even the part which is thrown off not losing its divine operation. And this takes place more particularly when the air is in an unsettled state, either because the moisture which is then collected excites the greatest quantity of fire, or because the air is disturbed, as if by the parturition of the pregnant star.
Many persons have attempted to discover the distance of the stars from the earth, and they have published as the result, that the sun is nineteen times as far from the moon, as the moon herself is from the earth Pythagoras, who was a man of a very sagacious mind, computed the distance from the earth to the moon to be , furlongs, that from her to the sun is double this distance, and that it is three times this distance to the twelve signs ; and this was also the opinion of our countryman, Gallus Sulpicius Pythagoras, employing the terms that are used in music, sometimes names the distance between the Earth and the Moon a tone; from her to Mercury he supposes to be half this space, and about the same from him to Venus.
From her to the Sun is a tone and a half; from the Sun to Mars is a tone, the same as from the Earth to the Moon; from him there is half a tone to Jupiter, from Jupiter to Saturn also half a tone, and thence a tone and a half to the zodiac. Hence there are seven tones, which he terms the diapason harmony , meaning the whole compass of the notes.
In this, Saturn is said to move in the Doric time, Jupiter in the Phrygian , and so forth of the rest; but this is a refinement rather amusing than useful. The stadium is equal to of our Roman paces, or feet Posidonius supposes that there is a space of not less than 40 stadia around the earth, whence mists , winds and clouds proceed; beyond this he supposes that the air is pure and liquid, consisting of uninterrupted light; from the clouded region to the moon there is a space of 2,, of stadia, and thence to the sun of ,, It is in consequence of this space that the sun, notwithstanding his immense magnitude, does not burn the earth.
Many persons have imagined that the clouds rise to the height of stadia. These points are not completely made out, and are difficult to explain; but we have given the best account of them that has been published, and if we may be allowed, in any degree, to pursue these investigations, there is one infallible geometrical principle, which we cannot reject.
Not that we can ascertain the exact dimensions for to profess to do this would be almost the act of a madman , but that the mind may have some estimate to direct its conjectures. Now it is evident that the orbit through which the sun passes consists of nearly degrees, and that the diameter is always the third part and a little less than the seventh of the circumference Then taking the half of this for the earth is placed in the centre it will follow, that nearly one-sixth part of the immense space, which the mind conceives as constituting the orbit of the sun round the earth, will compose his altitude.
That of the moon will be one-twelfth part, since her course is so much shorter than that of the sun; she is therefore carried along midway between the sun and the earth It is astonishing to what an extent the weakness of the mind will proceed, urged on by a little success, as in the abovementioned instance, to give full scope to its impudence! Thus, having ventured to guess at the space between the sun and the earth, we do the same with respect to the heavens, because he is situated midway between them; so that we may come to know the measure of the whole world in inches.
For if the diameter consist of seven parts, there will be twenty-two of the same parts in the circumference; as if we could measure the heavens by a plumb-line! The Egyptian calculation, which was made out by Petosi- ris and Necepsos, supposes that each degree of the lunar orbit which, as I have said, is the least consists of little more than 33 stadia; in the very large orbit of Saturn the number is double; in that of the sun, which, as we have said, is in the middle , we have the half of the sum of these numbers.
And this is indeed a very modest calculation , since if we add to the orbit of Saturn the distance from him to the zodiac, we shall have an infinite number of degrees A few things still remain to be said concerning the world; for stars are suddenly formed in the heavens themselves; of these there are various kinds. It was one of this kind which the Emperor Titus described in his very excellent poem, as having been seen in his fifth consulship; and this was the last of these bodies which has been observed.
A kind named Pitheus exhibits the figure of a cask, appearing convex and emitting a smoky light. The kind named Cerastias has the appearance of a horn; it is like the one which was visible when the Greeks fought at Salamis.
Lampadias is like a burning torch; Hippias is like a horse's mane; it has a very rapid motion, like a circle revolving on itself. There is also a white comet, with silver hair, so brilliant that it can scarcely be looked at, exhibiting, as it were, the aspect of the Deity in a human form. There are some also that are shaggy, having the appearance of a fleece, surrounded by a kind of crown. There was one, where the appearance of a mane was changed into that of a spear; it happened in the th olympiad, in the th year of the City The shortest time during which any one of them has been observed to be visible is 7 days, the longest days.
Some of them move about in the manner of planets , others remain stationary. They are almost all of them seen towards the north , not indeed in any particular portion of it, but generally in that white part of it which has obtained the name of the Milky Way.
Aristotle informs us that several of them are to be seen at the same time , but this, as far as I know, has not been observed by any one else; also that they prognosticate high winds and great heat They are also visible in the winter months, and about the south pole, but they have no rays proceeding from them. Sometimes there are hairs attached to the planets and the other stars. Comets are never seen in the western part of the heavens. It is thought important to notice towards what part it darts its beams, or from what star it receives its influence, what it resembles, and in what places it shines.
If it resembles a flute, it portends some- thing unfavourable respecting music; if it appears in the parts of the signs referred to the secret members, something respecting lewdness of manners; something respecting wit and learning, if they form a triangular or quadrangular figure with the position of some of the fixed stars; and that some one will be poisoned, if they appear in the head of either the northern or the southern serpent. He expressed his joy in these terms: "During the very time of these games of mine, a hairy star was seen during seven days, in the part of the heavens which is under the Great Bear.
It rose about the eleventh hour of the day , was very bright, and was conspicuous in all parts of the earth. Some persons suppose that these stars are permanent, and that they move through their proper orbits, but that they are only visible when they recede from the sun. Others suppose that they are produced by an accidental vapour together with the force of fire, and that, from this circumstance, they are liable to be dissipated This same Hipparchus, who can never be sufficiently commended, as one who more especially proved the relation of the stars to man, and that our souls are a portion of heaven, discovered a new star that was produced in his own age, and, by observing its motions on the day in which it shone, he was led to doubt whether it does not often happen, that those stars have motion which we suppose to be fixed.
And the same individual attempted, what might seem presumptuous even in a deity, viz. In this way it might be easily discovered, not only whether they were destroyed or produced, but whether they changed their relative positions, and likewise, whether they were increased or diminished; the heavens being thus left as an inheritance to any one, who might be found competent to complete his plan. There are two kinds of them; those which are called lampades and those which are called bolides, one of which latter was seen during the troubles at Mutina They differ from each other in this respect, that the faces produce a long train of light, the fore-part only being on fire; while the bolides, being entirely in a state of combustion, leave a still longer track behind them.
An opening sometimes takes place in the firmament, which is named chasma There is a flame of a bloody appearance and nothing is more dreaded by mortals which falls down upon the earth , such as was seen in the third year of the rd olympiad, when King Philip was disturbing Greece. But my opinion is, that these, like everything else, occur at stated, natural periods, and are not produced, as some persons imagine, from a variety of causes, such as their fine genius may suggest.
They have indeed been the precursors of great evils, but I conceive that the evils occurred, not because the prodigies took place, but that these took place because the evils were appointed to occur at that period Their cause is obscure in consequence of their rarity, and therefore we are not as well acquainted with them as we are with the rising of the stars, which I have mentioned, and with eclipses and many other things.
Stars are occasionally seen along with the sun, for whole days together, and generally round its orb, like wreaths made of the ears of corn, or circles of various colours ; such as occurred when Augustus, while a very young man, was entering the city, after the death of his father, in order to take upon himself the great name which he assumed A bow appeared round the sun in the consulship of L. Opimius and L.
Fabius , and a circle in that of C. Porcius and M.
There was a little circle of a red colour in the consulship of L. Julius and P. And again, many suns have been seen at the same time ; not above or below the real sun, but in an oblique direction, never near nor opposite to the earth, nor in the night, but either in the east or in the west. They are said to have been seen once at noon in the Bosphorus, and to have continued from morning until sunset.
Our ancestors have frequently seen three suns at the same time , as was the case in the consulship of Sp. Postumius and L.
Mucius, of L. Marcius and M. Portius, that of M. Antony and Dolabella, and that of M. Lepidus and L. And we have ourselves seen one during the reign of the late Emperor Claudius, when he was consul along with Corn. We have no account transmitted to us of more than three having been seen at the same time. Three moons have also been seen, as was the case in the consulship of Cn. Domitius and C. Fannius; they have generally been named nocturnal suns A bright light has been seen proceeding from the heavens in the night time, as was the case in the consulship of C.
Papirius, and at many other times, so that there has been a kind of daylight in the night A burning shield darted across at sunset, from west to east, throwing out sparks, in the consulship of L. Valerius and C.
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Marius We have an account of a spark falling from a star, and increasing as it approached the earth, until it became of the size of the moon, shining as through a cloud ; it afterwards returned into the heavens and was converted into a lampas; this occurred in the consulship of Cn. Octavius and C. Scri- bonius. It was seen by Silanus, the proconsul, and his attendants Stars are seen to move about in various directions, but never without some cause, nor without violent winds proceeding from the same quarter These stars occur both at sea and at land. I have seen, during the night-watches of the soldiers, a luminous appearance, like a star, attached to the javelins on the ramparts.
They also settle on the yard-arms and other parts of ships while sailing, producing a kind of vocal sound, like that of birds flitting about. When they occur singly they are mischievous, so as even to sink the vessels, and if they strike on the lower part of the keel, setting them on fire When there are two of them they are considered auspicious, and are thought to predict a prosperous voyage, as it is said that they drive away that dreadful and terrific meteor named Helena.
On this account their efficacy is ascribed to Castor and Pollux, and they are invoked as gods. They also occasionally shine round the heads of men in the evening , which is considered as predicting something very important. But there is great uncertainty respecting the cause of all these things, and they are concealed in the majesty of nature. So far I have spoken of the world itself and of the stars. For our ancestors have given the name of heavens, or, sometimes, another name, air, to all the seemingly void space, which diffuses around us this vital spirit.
It is situated beneath the moon, indeed much lower, as is admitted by every one who has made observations on it, and is composed of a great quantity of air from the upper regions, mixed with a great quantity of terrestrial vapour, the two forming a compound. Hence proceed clouds, thunder and lightning of all kinds; hence also hail, frost, showers, storms and whirlwinds; hence proceed many of the evils incident to mortals, and the mutual contests of the various parts of nature.
The force of the stars keeps down all terrestrial things which tend towards the heavens, and the same force attracts to itself those things which do not go there spontaneously. The showers fall, mists rise up, rivers are dried up, hail-storms rush down, the rays of the sun parch the earth, and impel it from all quarters towards the centre. The same rays, still unbroken, dart back again, and carry with them whatever they can take up. Vapour falls from on high and returns again to the same place. Winds arise which contain nothing, but which return loaded with spoils.
The breathing of so many animals draws down the spirit from the higher regions; but this tends to go in a contrary direction, and the earth pours out its spirit into the void space of the heavens.
Thus nature moving to and fro, as if impelled by some machine , discord is kindled by the rapid motion of the world. Nor is the contest allowed to cease, for she is continually whirled round and lays open the causes of all things, forming an immense globe about the earth, while she again, from time to time, covers this other firma- ment with clouds This is the region of the winds.
Here their nature principally originates, as well as the causes of almost all other things ; since most persons ascribe the darting of thunder and lightning to their violence. And to the same cause are assigned the showers of stones, these having been previously taken up by the wind, as well as many other bodies in the same way. On this account we must enter more at large on this subject. It is obvious that there are causes of the seasons and of other things which have been stated, while there are some things which are casual, or of which the reason has not yet been discovered.
For who can doubt that summer and winter, and the annual revolution of the seasons are caused by the motion of the stars ?
As therefore the nature of the sun is understood to influence the temperature of the year, so each of the other stars has its specific power, which produces its appropriate effects. Some abound in a fluid retaining its liquid state, others, in the same fluid concreted into hoar frost, compressed into snow, or frozen into hail; some are prolific in winds, some in heat, some in vapours, some in dew, some in cold. But these bodies must not be supposed to be actually of the size which they appear, since the consideration of their immense height clearly proves, that none of them are less than the moon.
Each of them exercises its influence over us by its own motions; this is particularly observable with respect to Saturn, which produces a great quantity of rain in its transits. There are also certain events which occur spontaneously, and at stated periods, as the rising of the Kids The star Arcturus scarcely ever rises without storms of hail occurring. Who is there that does not know that the vapour of the sun is kindled by the rising of the Dog-star?
The most powerful effects are felt on the earth from this star. When it rises, the seas are troubled, the wines in our cellars ferment, and stagnant waters are set in motion. There is a wild beast, named by the Egyptians Oryx, which, when the star rises, is said to stand opposite to it, to look steadfastly at it, and then to sneeze, as if it were worshiping it There is no doubt that dogs, during the whole of this period, are peculiarly disposed to become rabid There is moreover a peculiar influence in the different degrees of certain signs, as in the autumnal equinox, and also in the winter solstice, when we find that a particular star is connected with the state of the weather It is not so much the recurrence of showers and storms, as of various circumstances, which act both upon animals and vegetables.
Some are planet-struck , and others, at stated times, are affected in the bowels, the sinews, the head, or the intellect. The olive, the white poplar, and the willow turn their leaves round at the summer solstice. The herb pulegium, when dried and hanging up in a house, blossoms on the very day of the winter solstice, and bladders burst in consequence of their being distended with air One might wonder at this, did we not observe every day, that the plant named heliotrope always looks towards the setting sun, and is, at all hours, turned towards him, even when he is obscured by clouds It is certain that the bodies of oysters and of whelks , and of shell-fish generally, are increased in size and again diminished by the influence of the moon.
Certain accurate observers have found out, that the entrails of the field-mouse correspond in number to the moon's age, and that the very small animal, the ant, feels the power of this luminary, always resting from her labours at the change of the moon. And so much the more disgraceful is our ignorance, as every one acknowledges that the diseases in the eyes of certain beasts of burden increase and diminish according to the age of the moon.
But the immensity of the heavens, divided as they are into seventy-two constellations, may serve as an excuse. These are the resemblances of certain things, animate and inanimate, into which the learned have divided the heavens. But I would not deny, that there may exist showers and winds, independent of these causes, since it is certain that an exhalation proceeds from the earth, which is sometimes moist, and at other times, in consequence of the vapours, like dense smoke; and also, that clouds are formed, either from the fluid rising up on high, or from the air being compressed into a fluid Their density and their substance is very clearly proved from their intercepting the sun's rays, which are visible by divers, even in the deepest waters It cannot therefore be denied, that fire proceeding from the stars which are above the clouds, may fall on them, as we frequently observe on serene evenings, and that the air is agitated by the impulse, as darts when they are hurled whiz through the air.
And when it arrives at the cloud, a discordant kind of vapour is produced, as when hot iron is plunged into water, and a wreath of smoke is evolved. Hence arise squalls. And if wind or vapour be struggling in the cloud, thunder is discharged; if it bursts out with a flame, there is a thunderbolt; if it be long in forcing out its way, it is simply a flash of lightning By the latter the cloud is simply rent, by the former it is shattered. Thunder is pro- duced by the stroke given to the condensed air, and hence it is that the fire darts from the chinks of the clouds.
It is possible also that the vapour, which has risen from the earth, being repelled by the stars, may produce thunder, when it is pent up in a cloud; nature restraining the sound whilst the vapour is struggling to escape, but when it does escape, the sound bursting forth, as is the case with bladders that are distended with air. It is possible also that the spirit, whatever it be, may be kindled by friction, when it is so violently projected. It is possible that, by the dashing of the two clouds, the lightning may flash out, as is the case when two stones are struck against each other.
But all these things appear to be casual. Hence there are thunderbolts which produce no effect, and proceed from no immediate actual cause; by these mountains and seas are struck, and no injury is done.
Those which prognosticate future events proceed from on high and from stated causes, and they come from their peculiar stars In like manner I would not deny that winds, or rather sudden gusts, are produced by the arid and dry vapours of the earth; that air may also be exhaled from water, which can neither be condensed into a mist, nor compressed into a cloud; that it may be also driven forward by the impulse of the sun, since by the term 'wind' we mean nothing more than a current of air, by whatever means it may be produced The windings and the numerous peaks of mountains, their ridges, bent into angles or broken into defiles, with the hollow valleys, by their irregular forms, cleaving the air which rebounds from them which is also the cause why voices are, in many cases, repeated several times in succession , give rise to winds.
There are certain caves, such as that on the coast of Dalmatia, with a vast perpendicular chasm, into which, if a light weight only be let down, and although the day be calm, a squall issues from it like a whirlwind. The name of the place is Senta. And also, in the province of Cyrenaica, there is a certain rock, said to be sacred to the south wind, which it is profane for a human hand to touch, as the south wind immediately rolls forwards clouds of sand There are also, in many houses, artificial cavities, formed in the walls , which produce currents of air; none of these are without their appropriate cause.
But there is a great difference between a gale and a wind The former are uniform and appear to rush forth ; they are felt, not in certain spots only, but over whole countries, not forming breezes or squalls, but violent storms Whether they be produced by the constant revolution of the world and the opposite motion of the stars, or whether they both of them depend on the generative spirit of the nature of things, wandering, as it were, up and down in her womb, or whether the air be scourged by the irregular strokes of the wandering stars , or the various projections of their rays, or whether they, each of them, proceed from their own stars, among which are those that are nearest to us, or whether they descend from those that are fixed in the heavens, it is manifest that they are all governed by a law of nature, which is not altogether unknown, although it be not completely ascertained.
More than twenty old Greek writers have published their observations upon this subject. And this is the more remarkable, seeing that there is so much discord in the world, and that it is divided into different kingdoms, that is into separate members, that there should have been so many who have paid attention to these subjects, which are so difficult to investigate.
Especially when we consider the wars and the treachery which everywhere prevail; while pirates, the enemies of the human race, have possession of all the modes of communication, so that, at this time, a person may acquire more correct information about a country from the writings of those who have never been there, than from the inhabitants themselves.
Whereas, at this day, in the blessed peace which we enjoy, under a prince who so greatly encourages the advancement of the arts, no new inquiries are set on foot, nor do we even make ourselves thoroughly masters of the discoveries of the ancients. Not that there were greater rewards held out, from the advantages being distributed to a greater number of persons, but that there were more individuals who diligently scrutinized these matters, with no other prospect but that of benefiting posterity. It is that the manners of men are degenerated, not that the advantages are diminished.
All the seas, as many as there are, being laid open, and a hospitable reception being given us at every shore, an immense number of people undertake voyages; but it is for the sake of gain, not of science. Nor does their understanding, which is blinded and bent only on avarice, perceive that this very thing might be more safely done by means of science. Seeing, therefore, that there are so many thousands of persons on the seas, I will treat of the winds with more minuteness than perhaps might otherwise appear suitable to my undertaking.
The ancients reckoned only four winds nor indeed does Homer mention more corresponding to the four parts of the world; a very poor reason, as we now consider it. The next generation added eight others, but this was too refined and minute a division; the moderns have taken a middle course, and, out of this great number, have added four to the original set. There are, therefore, two in each of the four quarters of the heavens.
From the equinoctial rising of the sun proceeds Subsolanus , and, from his brumal rising, Vulturnus ; the former is named by the Greeks Apeliotes , the latter Eurus. From the south we have Auster, and from the brumal setting of the sun, Africus; these were named Notos and Libs. From the equinoctial setting proceeds Favonius , and from the solstitial setting, Corus ; these were named Zephyrus and Argestes. From the seven stars comes Septemtrio, between which and the solstitial rising we have Aquilo, named Aparctias and Boreas And also, at an equal distance from the south and the winter setting, between Libs and Notos, and compounded of the two, is Libonotos.
Nor is this all. There are also certain winds peculiar to certain countries, which do not extend beyond certain districts, as Sciron in Attica, deviating a little from Argestes, and not known in the other parts of Greece. In other places it is a little higher on the card and is named Olympias; but all these have gone by the name of Argestes.
In the province of Narbonne the most noted wind is Circius; it is not inferior to any of the winds in violence, frequently driving the waves before it, to Ostia , straight across the Ligurian sea. Yet this same wind is unknown in other parts, not even reaching Vienne, a city in the same province; for meeting with a high ridge of hills, just before it arrives at that district, it is checked, although it be the most violent of all the winds.
Fabius also asserts, that the south winds never penetrate into Egypt. Hence this law of nature is obvious, that winds have their stated seasons and limits. The spring opens the seas for the navigators. In the beginning of this season the west winds soften, as it were, the winter sky, the sun having now gained the 25th degree of Aquarius; this is on the sixth day before the Ides of February This agrees, for the most part, with all the remarks that I shall subsequently make, only anticipating the period by one day in the intercalary year, and again, preserving the same order in the succeeding lustrum After the eighth day before the Calends of March , Favonius is called by some Chelidonias , from the swallows making their appearance.
The wind, which blows for the space of nine days, from the seventy-first day after the winter solstice , is sometimes called Ornithias, from the arrival of the birds The dog-star rises in the hottest time of the summer, when the sun is entering the first degree of Leo ; this is fifteen days before the Calends of August. The north winds, which are called Prodromi , precede its rising by about eight days.
After these the south winds become more frequent, until the appearance of Arcturus , which rises eleven days before the autumnal equinox. On a high cliff overlooking the Caribbean Sea are the ruins of the ancient city of Tuloom.
This sky is seldom visited by scientists and it is reported that ruins of still older cities may be found behind it. The long continued explorations carried on by the University in Central America are now beginning to show very definite results with increased knowledge of the hieroglyphic writing and other lore of the Mayas.
The growing importance which archaeology and thnology occupy in the estimation of he general public today Dr. Spinden attributes in large part to the wider sympathy between nations and their appreciation of the civilization of other aces and other times than their own. The Peabody Museum began its Mayan research in the eighteen eighties and has pursued the work so constantly that Harvard now has enviable archaeological possessions and facilities for study in this field. Gregory Mason, the organizer of this expedition, has made two previous trips of Yucatan and has written many magazine articles and a book on this region.
In and he did newspaper work for the New York Evening Sun. He was outlook correspondent in the armies of Villa and Carranza in and two years later in the punitive expedition led by Pershing. During the war he was outlook correspondent in the Argonne and Meuse campaigns and later in the antisubmarine operations of the United States and Great Britain.
Immediately after the Armistice he visited Germany, Austria, Turkey and the Balkans to report political and economic conditions.