Basket 0 Your basket is empty. Traditional Outdoor Lighting. Our collection of Traditional Outdoor Light Fittings contains carefully chosen wall lights and hanging lanterns that will suit many types of property. They are always popular, having timeless style and practicality and they are characterized by their black or dark colours with some lovely leaded examples too. Many of the lights featured here have matching pedestal lights, pillar lights and even lamp posts so your theme can be carried through your patio and grounds.
If you have any questions please don't hesitate to get in touch or consider paying us a visit as many of these lights are on display in our Leicestershire showrooms. It did not take long until Hubert Spiegel published an article that would be incredibly meaningful for tredition in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. In that article, the FAZ presented a shocking list of the Worstsellers of — a list of the worst selling books.
Many well known authors could be found on that list. There are many other examples. The story of failures in the history of literature is long. It is known that many authors only became famous and popular after they deceased.
Publishers, however, mainly want to see success — so the search for additional worstseller lists is in vain. Image: The print-on-demand process heralds the democratization of the publishing world. Many books on the German market are never published. Numbers are scarce. At a rough estimate, only every th manuscript that is sent to a publisher is published in Germany.
The majority of manuscripts rots away in the drawers of editors and will never see the light of the literary world…. But what would happen if it was the readers who decided whether a book was a success or not — and if each book had its market?
The idea for a completely new publishing structure was born. Authors, editors, and readers would work together: tredition was born. Technological advances make it possible to implement this idea. The print-on-demand process sets the printing of a book into motion only when a reader orders a copy and thus reduces the risk of a costly first edition. It enabled authors to publish their own book without having to print a first edition with a large number of copies. It heralded the democratization of the publishing world. It was now something that was accessible for a larger group of authors.
In , the company tredition was founded. For ten years, tredition has been offering a wide range of services to enable you to publish your own book successfully. Continuous innovations help authors to use the best and fairest publishing opportunities available. By now, tredition published over 40, books as paperback, hardcover and e-book. Image: An extensive distribution has been the core of tredition right from the start. Reading devices for electronic content have been around for a longer time. But it was only back then that they had their breakthrough into the mainstream.
People often called it the end of the Gutenberg-era. Digitalization, however, offered multiple new opportunities for authors and readers alike. From the start, tredition focused on offering authors the possibility to publish their book in all formats paperback, hardcover, and e-book so that they could offer their readers the format they wanted to read.
This is why tredition managed to come out on top as a small, independent competitor in the book trade, and consequently increases the number of its authors. That is due to the good connection to the book trade that tredition has been building from the start. The company specializes on optimizing the management of editions, distribution, and accounting to maximize the profit for publishers, companies, and authors at their own risk.
The resulting know-how is also interesting for other companies. That way, tredition enables other publishers or institutions to publish books without risks in an uncomplicated manner, use book serials with their own brand, or offer their own self-publishing solutions. As the years pass, tredition wins a steadily growing number of white label partners like magazine publishers, educational institutes, and universities, or other companies from various trades.
These days, it becomes more and more difficult for publishers to publish classic texts in an economically worthwhile way. Yet, it is important to keep the classics of literature from disappearing and being forgotten. Of the five color tests, two of them color naming and color matching were used to characterize the perception of TheDress. The goal of this study was to clarify whether individual differences in these measurements could help to understand the dissimilarities between the groups of observers with different color perceptions of TheDress; for example, WG and BK.
Fifty-two young observers 26 females and 26 males; age All had normal or corrected-to-normal acuity and normal color vision as assessed with the Ishihara plates and an anomaloscope. Each observer gave written informed consent. Linearization and spectrum calibration of the monitor was completed with a PR Spectroradiometer PhotoResearch Inc.
Every observer performed all of the psychophysical tests during one session in a dark room in the following sequence: anomaloscope matching, color preference testing, unique white setting, dress color naming, and dress color matching. Anomaloscope testing was performed first to screen for observers with color vision deficiencies. Then, color preferences and unique white settings were tested as second and third to avoid any potential impact of seeing TheDress colors in relation to color preferences and unique white settings.
Finally, observers completed color naming and color matching of TheDress. The chronotype questionnaire was completed by email to shorten the test session. The details of the tests are described in the following sections. Anomaloscope testing included Rayleigh matching for assessing relative L- and M-cone spectral sensitivity functions and Moreland matching for assessing S-cone spectral sensitivity functions. Observers were asked to adjust the red—green ratio and brightness of the yellow to make the two semicircular fields appear identical Cao, Observers adjusted the blue—green ratio and brightness of the test field to make the two fields appear identical.
Following the instrument manual, both tests were performed twice for each eye.
All of the results for the observers included in the study were in the normal range for each match, confirming normal color vision. The between-trial and between-eye variations were relatively small, as between-trial and between-eye variation accounted for 8. To simplify the analysis, the results from the two eyes for each observer were averaged for further analysis.
According to Palmer and Schloss , the four cuts saturated, muted, light, and dark differed in their saturation and lightness levels; light cuts were those that were approximately halfway between each saturated color and the Munsell value of 9 and chroma of 1 for the same hue. The background was spatially uniform and had the x,y chromaticity of 0. We scaled the luminance of each color stimulus by a factor of 0.
The preference for each color was rated three times and, therefore, there were 24 trials in total for each observer. The order of the color presentations was random. A separate button was designated to confirm the unique settings. Each observer repeated the unique white setting three times and the results were averaged for further analysis. The observers were told that each button up, down, right, and left had a color change associated with more blue up button , yellow down button , red right button , or green left button and that it was necessary to move the buttons up, down, right, and left in order to get the whitest white possible; once the whitest white was achieved, the observers would have to press another button central to confirm.
For color naming of dress perceptions, TheDress original image 6. For the color matching test, the same image of TheDress was presented again on the center of the monitor. The response colors provided by an observer in the color naming test were used in the color matching test. For example, if they indicated BK in color naming of TheDress, the instructions for color matching were first to identify either blue or black as the bright region of the dress.
Invariably, for BK observers, blue was the bright region and black was the dark region, while for WG observers, the white was the bright region and gold was the dark region. In the sequence, the observers were also asked to match the color and luminance of the darker region of the dress using the same procedure, which was set on the right side.
The distance between the border of the color matching field and the dress image was approximately two inches 5. No instructions were given to the observers about eye movements. The starting chromaticity and luminance of the matching field were randomly chosen. The color and luminance were then adjusted to match TheDress as close as possible. This color matching was repeated three times for both the bright and dark regions and was then averaged for further analysis. There was no time limit for this task. Observers were asked to answer the 19 questions on the questionnaire.
Each question was rated between 0 evening-preference and 6 morning-preference. The total score was computed to indicate a morningness chronotype 59—69, moderate and 70—86, definite morning or an eveningness chronotype 31—41, moderate and 16—30, definite evening. In total, 46 of 52 participants completed the chronotype survey. Chi-squared tests were used to compare categorical variables sex and ethnicity among the observer groups that reported different dress image colors. Canonical discriminant analysis was used to determine whether color-matching data in the bright or dark regions of the dress image determined the dress color names.
For both the bright and dark regions, the matching chromaticities formed a continuum, approximately following the daylight chromaticity locus Figure 3 ; left panel bright region, right panel dark region. These matching results indicated that both the perceived color and brightness in the bright and dark regions were important in determining color naming of TheDress.
In each panel, the gray line represents the daylight locus. The anomaloscope color matching results Rayleigh and Moreland, left panel and associated brightness settings results right panel.
Red circles indicate mean red—green match Rayleigh settings for each group and blue triangles indicate mean blue—yellow match Moreland settings for each group. None of the anomaloscope matching results differed among the WG, BK, and BG observer groups; Moreland color mixture ratios were significantly correlated with matches of the dark region of the dress. Overall, the color preferences for the light colors followed a similar pattern as in the study by Palmer and Schloss The yellow square symbols refer to the WG group, blue circles refer to the BK group and the yellow triangles with a blue outline refer to the BG group.
We evaluated the perception of TheDress in association with some commonly used color vision tests, including anomaloscope matching, unique white settings, color naming and matching to TheDress, and surface color preferences. Our study found significant associations with the perception of TheDress for unique white settings, color matching with TheDress bright and dark regions, Moreland equation color matching, and surface color preferences.
Ivory paint with an earthen cast covers the perimeter cabinets, while the dual islands are painted in black and topped with granite. Gorgeous Formal Charleston Garden. Boldly veined stone countertops can either make you stop and gaze in admiration or have the opposite effect and overwhelm your eyes. Publish your Book now. A marble-topped island and fresh white palette establish the kitchen area in this open-plan home. The legs are painted white to lighten the visual weight of the piece.