Aggression against any people is not permitted in Islam; however, defense is an absolute right of every individual and nation. Islam has allowed the minor jihad only to defend the Muslim people and their land, and to maintain peace in Muslim societies. The first battle fought by the Prophet and his followers was a war of defense. This was a battle in which the Prophet came with his followers to face the enemy force that had come all the way from Mecca that was still controlled by the infidels.
Verily Allah does not love those who exceed the limits. Islam teaches that Muslims should be strong in order to defend themselves, but that does not mean they have to become aggressive and unjust. And kill every woman who has slept with a man, but save for yourselves every girl who has never slept with a man.
And kill them wherever you find them, and drive them out from whence they drove you out—persecution is severer than slaughter. And do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque [in Mecca] until they fight with you in it; but if they do fight you, then slay them; such is the recompense of the unbelievers.
But if they desist, then surely God is Forgiving, Merciful. And fight them until there is no persecution and religion should be only for God; but if they desist, then there should be no hostility except against the oppressors. It surely does not say that Muslims should go around the world killing any infidel that they find!
Religion Compass Volume 7, Issue 11, pp. They believe it means to struggle, or to strive. And so let us see: what is the meaning of jihad? This is important because, far from carrying a peaceful meaning, Islam actually means peace after surrender in warfare or after subjugation. Said Ramadan al-Buti shows that fighting in this case is an obligation of the community as a whole.
Should not divine religions defend the oppressed men, women and children? Do you fear them? But God is most deserving that you should fear Him, if you are believers. As you see, this verse is also responding to the aggression started by the polytheists against the Muslims; it does not talk about initiating a war. From these examples, it is quite clear that Islam is not talking about the minor jihad for the sake of aggression; rather it is allowing the Muslims to physically defend their lives, properties, and lands against any aggression, and also to fight for ending tyranny against the oppressed men, women and children.
The verses regarding the idol-worshippers of Mecca are very specific and related to that time period. In the words of Dr. Christian people over the centuries have not shown any more restraint in war than have non-Christians. The ideal preached and the practice followed have often little to do with each other. I do not worship what you worship. Nor do you worship what I worship. Nor am I going to worship what you worship. Nor are you going to worship what I worship. You shall have your religion, and I shall have my religion.
While talking about jihad, I have heard many Muslims describing only the major spiritual jihad and shying away from the minor jihad in the sense of armed struggle for defense. It is not only the likes of Bin Laden who hijack and misuse the noble terms of Islam; we have even seen the government of the United States of America promoting the concept of minor jihad when it suited its own geopolitical interests.
Unlike the children in the rest of the world whose math textbooks have pictures of apples and oranges, the Afghan children were taught to count with illustrations showing tanks, missiles and land mines. Even the Taliban used the American-produced books, though the radical movement scratched out human faces in keeping with its strict fundamental code.
Now that that culture of violence has come to haunt it, the US administration is absolutely against the idea of jihad and expects Muslims to abandon that concept in totality. However, we are deeply saddened to see that certain segments of the media, especially the radio talk shows, are still fuelling the hatred against the Muslims, the Arabs, and the great monotheistic faith of Islam. This is in spite of the fact that Muslims have universally condemned the act of terror of September 11th in which innocent lives were lost. Targeting the Muslims or the Arabs based on guilt-by-association is absolutely wrong.
The double standard in the media is really appalling. When Dr.
This is the most important level of jihad. Verbal Jihad: On another occasion, the Prophet said, "The most excellent jihad is the speaking of truth in the face of a tyrant.
Physical Jihad: This is combat waged in defense of Muslims against oppression and transgression by the enemies of Allah, Islam and Muslims. We are commanded by Allah to lead peaceful lives and not transgress against anyone, but also to defend ourselves against oppression by "fighting against those who fight against us. On Non-Muslims Chapter 2, verse "Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks.
And Allah heareth and knoweth all things. But Imam Hendi says that not only does the Qur'an avoid any such suggestion, it even prohibits aggressive efforts to convert. In the early days of Islam, Jews came to Islam and had younger children and asked Muhammad if they could force Islam on their children because they are younger.
Look at the instructions of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) during Islam has allowed the minor jihad only to defend the Muslim people and their. treaty and was at peace with them, he was ordered to keep up the treaty, and so long as discourse, all the stages of the Islamic Jihad have been summarized.
This verse [which was] revealed to him says that there can be no compulsion on other religions. This is very clear. I talked to them and it turned out they just weren't happy in their own faiths. So I said, no, go back to your own faith.
For instance, chapter 2, verse 46, says: "And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better than mere disputation , unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong and injury : but say, 'We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our Allah and your Allah is one; and it is to Him we bow in Islam. We have common ground between us and them," says Imam Hendi. On Martyrdom: Chapter 3, verse "Think not of those who are slain in Allah's way as dead.
Nay, they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord. Those who believe so often look at these verses. Imam Hendi says there is, indeed, a special place for those who die in the service of God, though that service needs to be of a different sort than that provided by terrorists. If I'm feeding the poor, and calling for justice, I can't be called dead. My soul is alive and God sustains me.
If you die while doing a service for people, you are a martyr. If I am traveling on American Airlines going to London for a conference or to learn something, if that plane, God forbid, crashes, I am a martyr. Travelers for learning are martyrs. So to claim martyr status, all terrorists have to do is convince themselves that they are fighting for "justice," which is, of course, highly subjective. Some people think America has a double standard when it comes to the Middle East and Israel. They use these verses," says Imam Hendi. But the Qur'an has just as many passages describing how martyrdom cannot cause harm to others.