The first traders to bring tea to Europe were the Portuguese. They carried cargoes of tea to Lisbon and from there the tea-drinking habit spread to France, Holland and the Baltic countries. The Dutch became confirmed tea-drinkers and it was the export of tea that helped to found Holland as a major trading country. Only when England settled down after the Civil War and was able to concentrate once again on overseas trade did tea start to arrive in the British Isles, this being around The price was kept artificially high which meant that only the wealthy and privileged classes could afford to buy tea, but by tea began to come into the country in sufficient quantities and at a price that made it accessible to ordinary people.
The Chinese wisely tried to keep the secrets of tea growing to themselves in order to maintain their monopoly on the trade.
However, a Scottish botanist called Robert Fortune who actually spoke Chinese was able to sneak into China and with the help of a Chinese friend, he managed to take some seeds away with him. The tea seeds reached India where many crops were grown, lost, improved upon, lost and grown again until the techniques became properly understood. The increasing size of the crops from the subcontinent brought the prices down and the incredibly fast clipper ships brought cargoes to Britain at great speed. The price came tumbling down and the populations of Britain and Ireland as a whole took to tea drinking in a major way.
Until the late 18th century, the two main meals were a heavy breakfast accompanied by ale and a huge dinner - with nothing else between. The Duchess of Bedford - introduced the idea of afternoon tea, along with a friendly gossip and a walk in the fields. Afternoon tea, with bread and butter, sandwiches and cakes quickly became popular, especially with upper class ladies. The upper classes retained the practice of having a tea with snacks and cakes thereafter, while the working classes incorporated tea drinking with their evening meal. There are still people all over Britain who refer to an evening main meal as their tea.
The British soldiers who were stationed in India throughout the 19th century and the early 20th century chose tea as a pleasant alternative to beer. Oddly enough, history records that those British Indian soldiers who avoided beer altogether and who only drank tea suffered far more from heat exhaustion than those who drank at least some beer during the course of each day. This may have something to do with the salts and natural chemicals that are found in beer.
Russia and the countries that surround it are great tea-drinking nations and they like their tea in a glass with a special holder either "straight" or more usually, with lemon and sugar. Russian tea may be made in a teapot but it is often brewed in a decorated samovar.
In the Chinese embassy in Moscow presented Czar Alexis with several crates of tea, and shortly after this a treaty was formed that allowed trading caravans to cross the border between Russia and China. The length of the journey and the high cost of transporting tea by pack animal meant that at first only the wealthy could afford to drink it. Gradually the price came down, especially after the trans-Siberian railway was opened in and tea became the national drink of Russia - along with vodka.
Immigrants to North America came from both tea and coffee drinking heritages. The short-sighted English government of George III imposed ridiculous taxes on tea and other products and his government interfered in the lives of the colonists in other highly irritating ways. Eventually the Americans cried, "no taxation without representation," and began to fight for independence. On the 16th of December , a group of Americans dressed as Red Indians clambered onto an English ship called the Beaver and threw its cargo of tea into Boston harbor.
Although Americans continued to import tea from Holland and also from a few rogue English traders, these difficulties encouraged Americans to choose coffee over tea as their national drink. An American invented iced tea in Modern Americans are taking up tea drinking in larger amounts now, because they perceive it as a healthy alternative to coffee. Most of the tea that is imported into western countries such as Britain and the USA nowadays comes from Kenya, with some still coming from the traditional sources of India and Sri-Lanka.
In recent times Indonesia has started to export lea, while some is grown in Malaya and even in the north of Australia where the soil and climate suits the crop. Despite the fact that Robert Fortune's success at smuggling tea seeds out of China broke the Chinese monopoly of tea cultivation, China is still a major tea growing country. China is also major exporter of plain and flavored Chinese styles of tea, which differ from the Indian tea flavors that are so beloved of British and Irish tea drinkers.
Coffee trees occur naturally in what is now Ethiopia and a rather charming story from this area tells us how the drink was first discovered. At some point in time around A. The goatherd tried the beans for himself and discovered the caffeine buzz that this early form of Ecstasy produced.
Tea Cup Reading: A Quick and Easy Guide to Tasseography [Sasha Fenton] on lirodisa.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The art of reading tea. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Sasha Fenton has been studying and practicing psychic Tea Leaf Reading For Beginners: Your Fortune in a Tea Cup .
A monk noticed Kaldi's cheerful frolicking and tried the beans out on the brothers, to find that the following night they were not only wakeful but also filled with "divine" inspiration. Apparently other early Africans were in the habit of making wine from the beans, but coffee didn't turn into a hot drink until it reached Arabia. It was in Arabia around A. From that time, wherever Islam ruled coffee followed. Turkey became a major coffee importer and at one time Turkish law permitted a wife to divorce her husband for failing to keep the family coffeepot filled!
Now, this concise book provides quick, easy, and fun instructions for practicing tasseography today. The first inklings of Western tasseography can be traced to medieval European fortune tellers who developed their readings from splatters of wax , lead , and other molten substances. Bejeweled Poetry. Additional Product Features Dewey Edition. The number of drops that fall before the spoon tumbles into the cup signals the number of years the inquirer has to wait before finding the right lover. Choose Store. Pu-erh Doncha Lahpet.
Now, this concise book provides quick, easy, and fun instructions for practicing tasseography today. The book includes everything needed to become an accomplished practitioner: a brief history of tea and coffeeadvice on brewing and servingbasic rules of tea leaf and cup readinghandy tips for instant readingsan illustrated dictionary of symbols with precise definitions. The answer to this is that you can if you want to, because all it takes is the ability to see shapes made by tea and coffee leavings. My book shows you how to go about it and it contains a dictionary of symbols for interpretation purposes.
Tea leaf reading was once very popular in Britain, Ireland and the countries that were settled by Irish and British people. It has gone out of fashion in latter years, partly due to the invention of the teabag, but probably much more due to the invention of the television, which brought an end to so many home-based pastimes. Once upon a time, everyone had an aunt or grandma who read the leaves and the skill was passed down from one generation to the next. Anyone who had a touch of psychic ability learned to give readings to their friends and relatives and this ability was so prevalent that it remained an amateur skill rather than a professional matter.
This form of reading is not difficult and it doesn't depend upon special calculations or even basic literacy, so cup reading has always been open to anyone who wanted to learn it. Coffee ground reading is practically unheard of in the UK or Ireland but it is well known in the Middle East, Mediterranean countries, Latin America and in countries to which Latin or Middle Eastern people gravitated.
Coffee-ground reading is still going strong in less developed and industrialized countries and it still works very well, so there is no reason why you shouldn't learn to do it for yourself.
The fancy name for this kind of reading is tasseography. This comes from the French tasse meaning cup and the ancient Greek root graphos , which relates to writing or drawing. Therefore, tasseography means being able to read the pictures that form in a cup. If you are interested in the dramatically fascinating story of how the cultivation and sale of tea and coffee spread around the world, take a look at the next two short chapters that outline the history of these heartwarming beverages. The tea plant is native to China and it has been known there for around 5, years but it took a windy day and a hygiene conscious Emperor to bring the drink into existence.
Legend tells us that tea as a drink was accidentally discovered in B. Please try again later. Format: Paperback Verified Purchase. Well written and informative. I recommend this a good beginners book. One person found this helpful. Format: Paperback. I'm not too impressed with this book. I was hoping to learn a lot more than the basic rules of tasseography. The tips and advice given weren't all that in depth, nor straightforward. The history of tea and coffee was very brief as well as the advice given on how to brew and serve both tea and coffee.
The best part of this book was the illustrated dictionary at the end of the book along with the definitions of each illustrated symbol. I love this book.
It has helped me tremendously to interpret candle wax images. Love the way she has illustrated the symbolic images along with interpretations. Great guide for reading cups. Good clear illustrations with meanings in a dictionary like format.
I would recommend this little treasure to anyone interested in tasseography or cafeomancy. See all 5 reviews. Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers. Learn more about Amazon Giveaway.
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