The Golden Age of Hollywood Movies, 1931-1943: Vol III Mae West

The Duke – Where and When
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Anderen bekeken ook. Rodney St Clair Ballenden Ram 6, Frank Jerrie [sic], one of the partners of the Hollywood, discovered him a few weeks ago while on a trip to Bermuda and brought him to New York. George Hammond always has a front table every night since the new trombone player started and he will wager there is nothing quite so good as he in town The Washingtonian Orchestra, with its leader, Elmer Snowden, played at the Cinderella dancing palace last Wednesday night The entire revue went along and returned to the Hollywood in time to play the after-theatre show.

Some of the small Broadway cabarets are trying a new stunt to boost business. On special nights usually heralded several days in advance, the entire revue of [a] show from the supper club is transported to a popular Broadway dance hall and performed in its entirety. That takes place at an hour before 11, naturally, preceding the regular after-theatre performances in the cabaret. One place along Broadway to-morrow night that is certain to have a capacity New Year's crowd is the Hollywood, Broadway and Forty-ninth street, and for this occasion Leo Bernstein, George Hammond and Frank Jerrie, the owners, will have many surprises for their patrons in the start of the splendid Creole revue.

There have been many reservations. Dancing will be from opening until closing time and everything in a way of gaiety. The new Russian hostess, Mlle. Rubkin Kavlotzky, will present a new Russian dance and sing three Russian songs in native costume. Leo Bernstein will wear his new full dress suit and explain the words of the hostess's songs. The Washingtonian Orchestra, in charge of Elmer Snowden, will present timely selections, as well as play for the dance crowds at the Hollywood. If you have not made reservations as yet get busy and do so now.

The music played by the Washingtonian Orchestra is out of the ordinary in dance music. The orchestra, I was introduced to the man in charge of the cabaret, whose name is Leo Bernstein. Leo Bernstein called the waiter and told him to give us anything we wanted.

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The Golden Age of Hollywood Movies, Vol III Mae West - Kindle edition by James R Ashley. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC. The Golden Age of Hollywood Movies Vol III, Jean Harlow time to time, she was not possessed by it like Bette Davis, Joan Crawford, or Mae West.

We were then seated at a table, and we ordered from the waiter drinks of Scotch whiskey, and sandwiches. While drinking the Scotch whiskey, Bernstein came to our table and asked us if everything was alright, and if we were well taken care of. He told us that we could have anything we wanted, and later brought a girl to me and insisted that I dance with her. I drank some of the whiskey, and as I am familiar with the taste of whiskey I know that it was whiskey.

There were a great many people drinking whiskey in said cabaret on this occasion, and various scenes of partial intoxication. This cabaret is open only at night. From my observations and purchases therein I am positive that liquor is possessed on said purchases. The Washingtonians, NY, Nov There is uncertainty about the identity of the banjo-player. Waxworks confirms the presence of Fred Guy as probable. Mark Tucker confirms the presence of George Francis.

The New Desor gives George Francis. Frank Dutton in his letter of 21Jun99 also supports Francis. Steven Lasker: ' George Francis : This name would not be associated with Ellington or the Washingtonians were it not for a single print reference, in an ad the group placed in the New York Clipper. In November , the Washingtonians included Elmer Snowden, "leader and banjoist, also doubling with soprano sax" and Duke Ellington, "piano-arranger. He didn't want it, but his disposition was better balanced than ours. He could keep us in line without doing too much. We were a pretty wild bunch in those days, myself in particular.

Guy's name is listed alongside those of his fellow Washingtonians in the June edition of International Musician, and he confirmed to Kerr that he was the banjoist heard on Choo Choo and Rainy Nights Blu-Disc T, recorded November Per Lawrence , p. Search warrant executed at am on February 24th, , at W. When the Washingtonians made their Haverhill, Massachusetts, debut early in , they were identified as coming not from the Hollywood but 'direct from the Cinderella ballroom on Broadway.

But now here's the funny part about it It was a place called the Hollywood Club. Well now, we used to leave our instruments there every night. So one night the big boss said, 'Take your instruments home tonight. About two o'clock the next afternoon we heard the fire engines blasting away So we heard it on the radio Everything was gone. And so we were in that place about a year to a year and a half and the guy comes up one night and says, 'I want you to take your instruments home.

Sweatman , p. Lynn, Mass.

Added 04 21 Easter Monday. Salem, Mass. There are eight musicians in the act, each an expert soloist, and Sundays last summer played at the New York Winter Garden shows. Three other high class vaudeville acts, music by the Waldorf's own orchestra and 'Storm Swept' for a feature picture will also be on the Sunday program.

Sometimes you could find them, before or after hours. More often you could not. Duke was usually out with the police force's Lieutenant Bates , who later became Salem's Mayor, and then its Representative in Congress. Or, with the other Washingtonians, he was over at the Coast Guard barracks, or being whisked around the Salem-Marblehead Harbor.

However, note that the photo's caption misstates the location as "rd Street and Seventh Avenue"; the actual location is West th Street, and the building, which still stands, can be viewed on Google Street view. He was hanging around the stage door then, coming in all the time when we were doing our rehearsals and asking to play the piano.

He played it James P. Johnson fashion then. At that time, , he and Elmer Snowden had a band together called the Washingtonians, and we hung out some; we were good buddies for hanging out together. Duke was a fine man to be with, an easy man in himself. I'll come back to him. I joined James P. And the band which took his place was Duke and me. Duke had come up to New York.

James R Ashley

He remembered me from Washington and he wanted to make up a band together, so we did that. And that was a fine time, playing with Duke in He had his feelings inside the music where they belonged, and none of any kind of meanness outside the music. When we played, we were playing together, doing what the music wanted done with none of this personal me me feuding through what we were doing.

That music was just liking itself because we let it be itself. That was a good time in that Kentucky Club. We made some records, too, while we were together, but for some reason I don't know, they were never released. I feel real sad about that because they were good records, and now there is no trace of them.

That's why when Duke and I went in there, we had this big success. We were working around each other. We were using our feelings, and the people listening had to feel because we were feeling it. But after a time, even then, I was still having trouble with two fellows in the band When I first joined the band Bubber Miley was in jail over some trouble concerning a girl.

And the first money that was put up for him, the pool that was started for having him put on bail so he could come join the band, it was from me. But still, just as soon as we were all working in the band, I could see Bubber and Charlie still had this trouble going.

There was still this talking aside business in the music. There was a competition for the wrong things at the wrong time: all this tugging when they should be carrying, and sulking when they should be following, and this refusing to be with the music when they should be leading. Everyone in the band could feel that.

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That way the music is working for itself. On the stage the Rudolph-Vosari opera unit Sidney Sheldon. The new Russian hostess, Mlle. They are all gone now but what a trail they blazed across the night-time sky.

There was a fellow with us, Otto Hardwick was his name, who played clarinet and alto saxophone. He was my friend and he tried to talk to them, tell them what was the sense, they'd be hurting themselves. But no, they went right on making it hard. At that time Otto, Duke and myself used to go over to Duke's place evenings to fool around on the piano, talk how we were going to build this thing with all the band.

Duke, he'd be making arrangements for the band - not this kind of hit-parade arrangements I been saying about, but a kind of dividing of the piece, placing its parts. What we were after, it was to get the feeling for the band, playing it together. That way the music is working for itself. From hearing Otto play to me, me playing to Otto - playing for each other - we were making up what the band was to be, how it was to feel itself. The arrangements, they came out of that. And that was good times there in Duke's apartment.

That was real music. But still, I could see those were just evenings after a fashion - there wasn't going to be much to it. That Bubber Miley and Charlie, they had it all too uncomfortable. So I had some money coming to me from some records I'd made, and I thought I'd like to open my own cabaret.

So that's just the way of it But that Duke - I've seen him off and on all these years. There's no limit to what I can say about Duke. He's a man with a life in him. And some of the things he's done are really great; he's a real musicianer. Duke, he belongs to the music, and the music belongs to him. Released circa early September on Columbia D, this is both the earliest documented recording of an Ellington composition as well as the first Ellington song to be issued on a record.

The label credits the song to "Ringle, Ellington and Schafer. Danzi might instead have recalled an unissued Gennett session, held circa 12Aug24, at which Sweatman recorded a version of Battleship Kate that was never issued. I don't know the basis for the change -- and haven't viewed the Gennett file cards for this session, which are likely at the Institute of Jazz Studies. Danzi might instead have recalled an unissued Gennett session, called circa 12Aug24, at which Sweatman recorded a version of Battleship Kate that was never issued.

The Telegram also indicated a 'new orchestra, and ads referred to the 'Hollywood Jazz Orchestra. Ellington, too, recalled a fire around Christmastime. Ellington scholar Steven Lasker has done extensive research and has not been able to locate any other reference to George Francis, and believes that George Francis is either a phantom, or was not in the band very long.

The June, issue of International Musician , the musicians' union journal, contiguously listed four new members of Local No.

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Ellington, Fred L. Guy, William Greer, and Charles Irvis. Trent to write songs for "Chocolate Kiddies," a revue conceived, cast and rehearsed in New York but staged in Europe. Sam Wooding and His Orchestra were hired to provide music. One of Wooding's reed players, Garvin Bushell, later recalled to Mark Tucker who collaborated with Bushell on his "as told to" autobiography "Jazz from the Beginning" that "we rehearsed for a few weeks in New York" "Jazz from the Beginning," page 54 and that other than writing songs for the show, Ellington "had little direct involvement [ This musical which was never performed in the U.

It is Duke Ellington's Washingtonians, a colored combo, that plays "blues" as nobody can. The jazz boys who drop in at the place, which runs well into the morning and past dawn, take much delight in sitting around and drinking in their indigo modulations. Similarly, the patrons are just as apt to sit it out for quite a spell in addition as not. The show itself is headed by Bert Lewis, who sings rag numbers in telling style and clowns all over the place to his and the mob's delight.

Doris is the sister and image of Bee Jackson at the Club Richman, and it's a toss up between the two as to their "Charleston" proficiency. The informality of the place and the free-for-all funning is the feature of the works. Lewis carries the idea through with a vengence. It was recorded in the spring of when Lewis and Ellington were both appearing nightly at the Club Kentucky. One day Joe [ sic ] Trent came running up to me on Broadway. He had a big proposition and there was urgency in his voice.

The next day we played and demonstrated our show for Jack Robbins, who liked it and said he would take it. It had nothing to do with Blu-Disc in Jerry Valburn revived the label in absent authority from the original owner s [probably Jo. So the recording had nothing to do with the original Blu-Disc label in or Musicologist Larry Gushee is of the opinion that the pianist isn't Ellington; Mark Tucker believed it is. Regis Picture Corp.

The Lincoln Theatre in Harlem took the opportunity to engage Vodery's orchestra along with part of the cast from Florence's show for a week. They featured Alma Smith as lead singer and Johnny Nit as lead dancer. An added attraction, reflecting his increasing popularity in Harlem, was Duke Ellington's band, then resident at the Club Kentucky. In addition to the Vodery musicians, there is also a musical unit led by Duke Ellington.

This outfit includes the Club Kentucky band Riesenfeld is bringing the entertainers from various nightclubs to provide the proper atmosphere for the feature picture, "Night Life of New York. The Bernie orchestra's musical idea of New York's night life Both men and women enjoyed Ben Bernie and his retinue of fun-makers. They enjoyed the Kentuckians, too, for a while, but some of Mr. Lewis' songs and jests were not received too coridally by the mixed audience They are E. Besides the speeches, there will be many attractions, among them an auto polo game in the morning and a sport program and a baseball game between Forestville and Sherman in the afternoon.

Music during the day will be furnished by the Ellington band. I've found no evidence that the band had a tuba player before then. The newcomer hails from Atlantic City, where he was a member of the paradise Band. Duke Ellington's Band and Entertainers, one of the few Negro orchestras, carrying singers as well as musicians, is located at the Club Kentucky, 49th street, off Broadway. The Club Kentucky on West 49th Street presents somewhat of an international aspect with its Dixie atmosphere, Chinese menu, cosmopolitan New York patronage and Oriental dances.

Bobby Burns Berman B. Has developed a smooth line He also sings a "hot" number convincingly and does a nimble and strenuous Charleston Julia Garrity is the chief woman principal, selling a trio of pop numbers in the manner that won her fame in vaudeville and cabarets. Her voice, however, is a bit loud for a room with such a low ceiling, and a bit of soft pedaling might be effective. Hasel Godrew, the shapely oriental dancer remembered from "I'll Say She Is," scores soundly with her specialty, the real optical feast of the show.

Duke Ellington's Orchestra of six pieces is still the musical attraction and in addition to the specialties it offers in the entertainment line ranks as one of the best "hot" colored combinations in town. Business on a warm night early last week was surprisingly good. The act will have the entire revue cast and Duke Ellington's band.

Kentucky Club. Their music created quite a demand, with such popularity that Duke and his band seemed a fixture. Then the Cameo Club, uptown, sought a band. Flattering offers were made to Duke, and the result was he and musicians moved out of their apparent permanent home in cafe. Then came the shock of Duke's life. After one appearance - just one single night, to be exact - the Washingtonians were informed they wouldn't do for the Cameo.

Not that their music wasn't good, but it didn't fit the atmosphere, or whatever it was, that comprised the alibi. Meanwhile Elmer Snowden and band were ensconced at the Kentucky and there was no chance of Duke's return. Ethel Waters and Earl Dancer have now staged a big act, comprising 20 persons, and the Ellington band got the job. That first ad announced 'Opens Tonight Under Club Lido Management All ads except the first name Gene Fosdick. From all this I gather Ellington's orchestra opened the Flamingo Club on 29Oct25 but were fired after a night or two; since the Flamingo Club was 'under Club Lido management,' the 21Nov25 Baltimore Afro-American report that Ellington's Washingtonians were no longer engaged at the Lido Club could simply be an error in an otherwise accurate report about the loss of the Club Flamingo job by Ellington.

The reason was not disclosed. Trent lyrics and published by Robbins-Engel are deposited at the Copyright Office. Jig Walk was published as sheet music both in American and Germany. Jim Dandy and With You were only published in Germany, on the back page of which are ads and incipits for two Ellington-Trent songs, Buckner when he served notice on ten Broadway supper clubs and cabarets that he had secured temporary injunctions against them.

The injunctions Buckner has brought against them Some Federal prohibition agents will be making the rounds and many have engaged tables Notwithstanding these discouragements to the more convivial part of the city's population and visitors, there was every indication that the New Year's Eve celebration here would be both noisy and extensive.

Reservations to the limit of their capacity have been taken at practically all the nightclubs, hotel dining rooms and restaurants Fifteen dollars seems to be the prevailing price,except where tickets are bought from speculators. The speculators, seeking to reap a richer profit than they could make from the sale of theater admissions, were reported buying all the seats they could obtain at the more expensive nightclubs and disposing of them at an advance running as high as percent, and more.

Prohibition had the ironic effect of creating the very night club scene that provided Duke employment during his early years. New York was in the midst of a new wave of Prohibition enforcement. Emory Buckner, a "legal beagle," became District Attorney [ recte United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York] in May of , shifted the focus to Times Square clubs, and expedited the prosecution of cases through non-jury courts, injunctions, and padlocks. Club Kentucky beat the rap this time, according to Variety Jan. I was named for Mercer Cook, whom my grandmother thought very handsome.

There are few offerings in New Yokr clubs that can compare with this show. Gene Wentz puts on shows that takes [sic] becase he has the natural instinct for successes and has added to this by his experience at other places, such as the Parody Club and the Silver Slipper.

Harry Harris acts as master of ceremonies and leaves nothing to be desired. The Revue offers Sid Clark, whose club pupularity was established long ago. Betty Carmen is a coloratura soprano who has scored heavily in her New York appearances. Chick Barrymore and her Eight Girls are a revelation in dancing and singing and lack nothing in the essentials of pulchritude. Duke Ellington's band furnishes the music and this means high grade melody and rhythm.

The Kentucky Club and its Intimate Revue is great. Those seeking real entertainment can find it here. WHN made the usual rounds of the cafes, with Duke Ellington's "hot" aggregation from the Club Kentucky starting the marathon. In between, the usual assortment of song pluggers and indifferent vocalists caused one to tune out promptly, although Ross Fowler and Belle Brooks personally impressed. The Thursday night reception was poor and proved once again that too much dependence on radio is a fallacy.

That radio is waning in popularity may or may not be strictly so, although there is a falling-off tendency, but the fact remains it has not the same grip on the public as formerly, fulfilling the original prophesy about its being a passing fancy. Regardless of this, climatic conditions such as humidity or pre-snow thaw are a severe handicap, and for this season radio will never keep them indoors entirely The attendance was small but appreciative, although more Spirituals were expected than were given. Roasamond Johnson. Mr Cook was her accompanist. Ellington's own composition, 'The Jig Walker.

Contijoch can help by telling us which of the dates he cites can actually be found in Lanin's diary. Knowledge of this date leads me to revise my date estimate for Ellington's Georgia Grind session from 19Mar26 to c 18Mar26 a Wednesday. No documentation of Jig Walk or Alabamy Bound is found in any surviving record company archive, and no test pressing has ever been reported. In the absence of tangible evidence, the claim should be treated as unsubstantiated and probably false.

So in appreciation, I took over Duke's band as its manager. Duke had just finished his job at the Kentucky Club. Happy Rhone, who was the owner of Happy Rhone's, sent the band up there. Note that Freddie Skerritt, our source for the best data on this purported tour, tells us Wash. Sonny Greer op. I've found no association between Boone and Ellington subsequent to the Connecticut tour.

Note too, that the many reports of Rutledge's tenure with Ellington date to March and April There are no later "sightings" of Rutledge with the band. Lawrence's claim that the tour may have taken place or been booked in early June doesn't ring true to me in the absence of any supporting evidence. They also doubled at a theatre on Seventh Avenue. Ellington's band was in transition during its long stay at the Kentucky Club.

Ellington, busy arranging, composing, playing piano, and changing the band's structure, asked Ellsworth Reynolds, a bassist and violinist, to conduct. Carter, Reynolds says, was in the band at Ciro's on Broadway, along with the regular Ellington sidemen. With a score by Maceo Pinkard and James P. Johnson, Messin' Around was typical of The Plantation's elaborate productions.

Ellington led the band during its featured spot in the show, but the overall musical direction was left in the capable hands of the violinist-conductor, Ellsworth Reynolds. But the Plantation wasn't paying off, so, after a delay on the first week's pay, and no pay at all the second, the Washingtonians left When Duke came and asked me to play in the band I didn't want to go because he was offering me my friend's job.

Duke insisted. I promised to join him, but I didn't show up. The following night Duke came by and asked why I didn't come in. He was playing at the Plantation then, at Fiftieth and Broadway. The first week I had to wait two days for my pay and the second week there wasn't any pay. So the place closed and we went to New England He left several recollections of his days with Ellington in the form of an article for Jazz Monthly Feb 67, p5 and unpublished letters, often factually incorrect and even contradictory but nonetheless fascinating, to Frank Driggs undated , Peter Carr 17Dec76 and Frank Dutton 15Jul In the last-mentioned letter, Reynolds noted: 'I joined Duke here in N.

They were little cookies shaped like the animals in the zoo, and in he recorded Animal Crackers for Gennett. We always went to see them; and when I realized he had written a number with that title, it made quite an impression on me. Walker, mother of the late George Walker, of Williams and Walker, after he heard of her unfortunate condition at her home in Lawrence, Kansas. As soon as definite plans were completed, Robinson brought Mrs. Walker on to New York to be present at the benefit The show was given at the Alhambra Theatre on Monday evening, June 21 , and there was not a single available seat left in the house.

The entire program was under the charge of Al Darling, the Alhambra manager, while Ben Roberts acted as Master of Ceremonies during the entire performance. Time, will stage a huge benefit show at the Alhambra Theater at midnight of June The proceeds of the performance will go to the mother of the late George Walker. He was a member of the famous team of Williams and Walker, and Mrs.

Wa1ker is said to be in dire need of money. A strong program of all kinds of acts is being arranged at the Alhambra, which has been donated by the Keith-Albee Circuit. Walker, it is said, has lost all her property and is in dire need of assistance.

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Many Broadway stars were on the bill. When the show was half over, Bill Robinson introduced Mrs. Walker on the stage. Another benefit was given in Chicago last Friday night. Walker's transportation from her home at Lawrence, Kan. Returning to Chicago for the benefit in that city. Robinson provided a Pullman drawing room for her comfort. In addition, he arranged in advance for fees to the various members of the Pullman crew, requesting them to look after her personal needs Robinson, who arranged for the gala performance, had Mrs.

Walker brought here from Kansas and she occupied a box. Al Darling, manager of the Alhambra, headed the committee that supervised the program. Benny Roberts was a glib master of ceremonies and kept things on the run thruout [sic] the evening. The account given by one New York newspaper is as follows Tuesday midnight and witnessed one of the greatest benefit performances ever given in New York.

The theatre was jammed Miley got 'lonesome for Harlem' and quit 'cold,' the band got panicky and Duke said 'no dice' and the boys headed for NYC Bubber Miley cut out! Bubber Miley was a prima donna So we had no cornet, or trumpet, whichever it was he played Then he moved over to the Club Kentucky and stayed there a couple of weeks. From there he went to the Lincoln Theater in Harlem. May ] so they were scrambling around for a band, and they got Duke.

That's how he got in the Cotton Club. Now if he'd stayed on the road Quite possibly it is a piano roll he cut of his composition Jig Walk , but the uncertainties in dating player-piano rolls make it impossible to know whether or not this predates the first Ellington disc recordings. Current research suggests that it was done in The main distinction of this particular piano roll is that it was designed for a player piano with a percussion attachment, and it has been recorded and transcribed to disc with such a device present and working. The percussion bangs and crashes away for the last eight bars of each of the three choruses There is a recording of it by Lawrence Cook.

Music nickelodeon roll which he believes is probably a reissue of the QRS roll which he has never heard. Montgomery adds that nickelodeon rolls each normally contain 10 different songs, and that Jig Walk was the only Ellington composition on his U. Music roll, which doesn't credit artist s. Last Appearance In New England. For a new trend in screen productions, The Show-Off is an apt illustration, with Ford Sterling as the central character One of the finest musical organizations to come to Pittsburgh is at the Olympic this week.

Duke Ellington's Washingtonians proved a hit. An extra film attraction this week of the first annual baby pageant was shown. Harry Hochie and the Olympic Symphonic orchestra pleased with new and entertaining numbers. On the stage the Rudolph-Vosari opera unit The last half of the week. The stage presentation is Duke Ellington's Washingtonians. Comedies, news, cartoons and other novelties are additional screen features. Coming from New York City's Hollywood Cafe, Ellington, who is known as the colored Paul Whiteman, and whose famous plantation orchestra has been featured in broadcasting from WTAB station, will appear at matinee and evening presentations of "Fine Manners," the Paramount picture in which Gloria Swanson is the star.

The club is all newly decorated and painted and is now a real small looking room and should come in for a good share of business this season. Duke Ellington is back again, burning 'em up with hot tunes. A wow of a band! Columbia used the Western Electric recording system, which was vastly superior to the O-E process. Western Electric equipment was installed at OKeh by Nov.

She Done Him Wrong

Those in the new bill are Mildred Melrose, and believe me she does an "exclusive" black bottom; Carol Atherton, with her ballads; Hotsy Totsy, a singing comedienne, and Billy West, who hands out blues from a hot griddle. The management have retained the speedy pair of entertainers, Bigelow and Lee, who make things merry between dances, and Sally Fields, a genuine favorite on the Kentucky floor.

And the incoming show will also see a new hostess, or, rather, head hostess, in the person of Emily Young, recruited from the Kit Kat Club, Chicago. The ledger sheet for the date shows that the four songs recorded that date were all composed or co-composed by Ellington and copyrighted either by Gotham Music Co. This conclusion was formed after reading Dick Bakker's discussion of the issue in his self-published "Duke Ellington on Microgoove -- Volume One -- " Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands, , pp that was amplified by opinions from a distinguished listening panel Frank Dutton, Nigel Haselwood, Martin Richards and Eric Townley that convened to further explore the issue.

Their conclusion that Prince Robinson is the tenor player doubling clarinet during this period was presented in a series of articles by Frank Dutton that appeared in Jazz Journal Nov 77, p14; Mar 78, p28; Apr 78, p32; May 78, p12; Sep 78, p Three of the titles are shown on the ledger sheet as composed by Duke Ellington and copyright Gotham Music Co. The fourth, Who Is She[? In actuality, neither of the rejected titles were ever submitted for copyright. Jonas Perlberg, dance promoter, has discovered a new dance, "the toad-de-lo" which he ran across in St.

Perlberg is exploiting the new step in this city at the Rainbow Gardens. Louis metropolitan area is divided by the Mississippi River. West of the river is St. Louis, Missouri. East of the river is East St. Louis, Illinois. Both cities had significant populations of African Americans in East St. Louis was nationally notorious for the East St. Louis riots of See The Washingtonians: A Miscellany, p. Miss Alexander recorded Drifting from You Blues this date in two versions, an acoustical version backed by "Duke and Otto" and an electrical version backed by an unnamed pianist.

It is also possible that Sampson is one of the reeds on the contemporary full band sessions. Upshot: without further information, this session doesn't belong in specialized Ellington discographies except as a footnote. Special music was written by Fred Fisher, and is played every night by Duke Ellington's Washingtonians.

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