Morbi leo eros, semper sit amet, rhoncus nec, malesuada quis, odio. Morbi magna mauris, semper ut, varius in, convallis vitae, nulla. Bonne visite! Il est le garant d'un maximum d'autonomie sur les lieux de vacances et de loisirs. Envie de profiter d'un week-end au vert pour sortir de Lyon et regarder le feu d'artifice?
Taluyers : en savoir plus. Tarare : en savoir plus. Cras eros risus, vulputate quis, convallis at, accumsan at, risus. Cras ipsum ante, congue vitae, pellentesque at, ullamcorper in, lectus. Cras ipsum odio, sodales quis, molestie ultricies, pharetra a, ipsum. Cras massa nisl, egestas cursus, nonummy et, pellentesque sit amet, pede. Cras metus odio, suscipit vel, congue in, condimentum vitae, augue. Ainsi, le braille informatique permet combinaisons 2 puissance 8 , soit une correspondance parfaite avec la table ASCII de codage informatique.
Il en existe un dictionnaire complet. D — Le Goal Ball fait partie des sports paralympiques. Seuls certains gestes signes sont communs. A — Un pianiste non-voyant utilise seulement les touches blanches de son instrument. Il ne fait pas partie des sports paralympiques. Recherchez les 3 titres de films correspondant aux images ci-dessous qui traitent du handicap mental, psychique ou moteur. A - Forrest Gump avec Tom Hanks le film aborde le handicap mental et physique. Vous souhaitez visiter Lyon? Bonne baignade!
Envie de jouer? La pression est trop forte, vous avez envie de prendre le large? Hu Dada! Parc de loisirs au coeur des Monts du Lyonnais. En cours de labellisation Tourisme et Handicap. Laissez-vous conduire par votre pilote pour 1 circuit de 2h, 1h, 30 min selon vos envies. Partez pour un voyage dans les eaux du monde entier. Espace pique-nique couvert.
Encadrement par des moniteurs si besoin. Accompagnateurs bienvenus. Visites en anglais. Pour personnes marchantes uniquement. En savoir plus. Sa couleur et ses dimensions modifiables, lui permettent de s'adapter parfaitement aux sites internet. D'autres couleurs sont disponibles sur simple demande. D'autres dimensions et configurations sont disponibles sur simple demande. Commander une version papier. A cet effet, une brochure vient de voir le jour.
Visualiser la brochure. Informations Touroparc. Ces applications sont disponibles :. Plus d'infos sur le site : www. Un certain nombre de situations du quotidien ne sont pas prises en charge par ce type de contrat. Quelques exemples :. Il y en a pour tous les niveaux, il suffit de suivre les couleurs, du vert pour les familles au noir pour les plus sportifs.
Mission impossible!!! Et bien, non. Cliquez ici pour vous inscrire. Direction Aquazergues. En plus les alentours abondent de sentiers entre vignes et vallons pour des balades paisibles. Transformer vos clients et les locaux en ambassadeurs 2. Voir tout le programme.
Les monnaies de fouille du monde grec VIe-Ier s. A52 T54 Bank burned, windows of broken restaurants, looting Jennyfer Grassi Fitzcarraldo, , peinture sur toile triptyque , x cm. Gravity comes up often in our conversations.
Suspens et bon esprit garantis. Jeux de pions, de cartes, de billes, de toupies, de palets, de mots. Pendant une heure, vous passerez de table en table pour discuter avec un maximum de personnes en un minimum de temps. Consultez les bonnes adresses du Beaujolais aux Monts du Lyonnais. Les artisans organisent de nombreux ateliers pour enseigner et transmettre leurs savoir-faire aux particuliers. Lettre d'information Janvier Lettre d'information Novembre Voir le site web.
Et j'ai vu autour de moi! Au fait on ne parle jamais des champions du bistouri. Il est tellement facile de manipuler les foules qu'on peut leur faire faire ou dire n'importe quoi. Puissions-nous avoir encore un chef qui sache dire NON. Bon courage. Ils mentent sur leurs objectifs: c'est une "association"de plus qui permet de recevoir des subventions , qui font le lit de quelque propagande ou de but politique. Encore une occasion de se taire qui fut perdue. Non ,mais ,un bras Aussi une page de notre Tocqueville sera toujours un plaisir pour l'esprit Vous voyez Templar, une chose et son contraire la phrase suivante.
Un homme qui cherchait, qui essayait Long et je me crispe; donc je passe la main. En attendant, je passe mieux , ici, sans l'erreur , cette fois. Bien cordialement. Rajout : 80 milliards. Au contraire, il veut plus d'UE et de mille feuilles. Quelle arrogance! Un p'tit tour duFOL' et tout repartira comme avant! Il y a toujours eu des scouts confessionnels. Mais admettons. Pour ne pas en douter, chaque colonne se termine par un " A Sa Loi je me soumets. Y compris ceux qui se battent actuellement sous notre drapeau.
Il n'y a que cela qui compte pour moi. Vous souffrez n'est-ce pas Marie Lato? Bonne nuit. L'ennui avec les muz,c'est que,ce qui leur est promis pour leur paradis,ils le veulent maintenant sur terre. Vous avez raison. Je m'en remettrai. Un fait historique. Pourquoi jouer des amalgames? Revoyez vos connaissances de l'Histoire de France.
Alors la seule chose que l'on peut vous conseiller ,c'est d'aller voir un krou. Noon, erreur! Vous vous satisfaites de l'oligarchie? Si vous aviez confiance dans le peuple, le peuple aurait confiance en vous. Vous perdez votre temps. Ils ne savent pas ce qu'est le patriotisme et l'amour de la France. Non, qu'en pensez vous? En cela se termina avec une armistice et l'occupation de la France. Ce ne serait certes pas un choix judicieux. Bonjour M. Mais quelque chose -sur le fond- le distinguait bien de Leopardi. Mon chien est transparent comme un cristal.
Ar men, si vous me prenez par les sentiments Et Einstein Ce serait stupide. C'est une alliance L'essentiel serait de comprendre en quoi vous avez vu de travers. En quoi les "scouts musulmans" sont un anachronisme et un leurre. Et quand j'atteins les 10 pas rarement! Vous ne croyez pas qu'il y a une raison? Hollande porte mal les costumes et alors?
Ni plus Marlan, ni Cha d'ailleurs. En quoi suis-je dans l'erreur? Ravie de vous retrouver en pleine forme. Mais quelle chance pour la France que d'avoir un bon roi aussi "audacieux"! Plus d'Europe pour sauver l'Europe? Qui va faire partie de ce "nouveau" gouvernement? Les pays fondateurs? Tous les pays membres? Oui cela suffit. Dans tous les cas on ne me fera pas avaler cette couleuvre, la France ce n'est pas cela.
J'y cours. En fait,vous nous jalousez parce que vous avez bien conscience que jamais vous ne resse,tirez ce que nous ressentons dans nos tripes. Je suis abasourdi de lire pareil commentaire. Tout le monde! Je revendique mes origines gauloises. Il faut toujours lire Le Figaro avant de parler. Je propose une rupture totale: la France a le droit de choisir qui elle souhaite accueillir et qui elle souhaite refuser sur son territoire. De toute urgence, il faut diminuer l'immigration et s'en donner vraiment les moyens.. Magnifique approche! Einstein the human side p. Raner Jr, 2 Juillet , Skeptic, , 5 2 Je me contrefiche de ce que pensais Einstein et Spinoza.
Allahjugend - semper paratus! L'Inde existait avant que l'Angleterre s'y installe. Les actes eux ne mentent pas! La Russie renaissante? Vous voulez rire. Michel ne sait pas que le plus grand majoritaire des partis politiques est celui de Mais l'agitation communicante est le contraire de l'action politique dont la France a besoin". Un de plus! Aujourd'hui, je lis la traitrise habituelle de la Gauche. Ni journaux, ni TV : quelle paix mais quelle insouciance Rien de nouveau sous le soleil : ils souffriront et nous paieront davantage comme si nous avions le premier sou.
Il s'est juste cru le sauveur du nouveau monde! Souvenez-vous de la taille des concombres ou des "lunettes" de cuvettes de water closets! En effet, compte tenu de l'offre politique et surtout des magouilles, Grasnulllaid n'est pas encore mort. Dieu ou le diable? Non,"elle" ne tue pas. Et la soupe, pour moi, propagandiste et indigeste de votre alter ego? Vous suivez? Je ne nage plus, je me noie.
Le nombre et le type de missiles US dans ces bases? Vous planez Miney! Une vedette de la marine nationale Le capitaine reprend son calme et dit : - "Ah bon? Enfin bref. Leur attachement aux harkis est si fort qu'ils en oublient le reste, qu'ils ne me demandent pas de cautionner cela. Entre documentaire promotionnel pour le tourisme et images d'Epinal hagiographiques. Bon sang mais c'est Oh la la! Nous ne capitulerons pas devant des barbares incultes incapables de produire chez eux ne serait ce que la pitance.
Votre ordinateur? Laissez un pro s'en charger il vous soulagera aussi le dos! Personne d'autre que vous ne sait ce qui est bon pour vous! C'est une bonne ordonnance. Si le mal persiste En attendant, la marche est un bon anti stress. C'est ce que vous faites avec l'UMP. Combien de morts encore? Non mais! Retour au Figaro. Partager Tweet. Suivre ivanrioufol. Donc je le refais. Qui sont les vrais ignorants???? Bonjour mr Rioufol.
Et moins que jamais! Bonnes vacances I. Et plus Obama se voile, plus Hussein devient visible dans la maison noire! Allons, je m'en vais lire "Poings sur les i" Bonnes vacances! De bonnes vacances,Monsieur Rioufol! Je reprends cette phrase Il est clair que Mr. Mais il y a de bonnes choses. Votre serviteur part en vacances Koa? Il part en vacances Fradet, oui, on n'en veut pas. Le jour du seigneur version allemande!!!! Bon repos. Stylo, seriez-vous un adversaire, sinon un ennemi de Nicolas Sarkozy? Ah oui! Le galand en eut fait volontiers un repas mais comme il n'y pouvait point atteindre "ils sont trop verts, dit-il et bons pour des goujats" Fit-il pas mieux que de se plaindre?
Parmi leurs riches clients se trouvaient Louvois , la Montespan, et la Maintenon. Personnellement, je pense que oui! La finesse? En gros sabots? Moi ce qui me tente furieusement c'est de vous serrer la main Happy potter ce n'est donc pas un placebo? Mayotte avec sa petite population aurait pu etre mis sous protectorat francais Bonne fin de W. Vous confondez anticoagulant et veinotonique. Le Morbihan, itou.
Buy L'empreinte culturelle de la Bible: Un état des lieux européen (Hors Collection) (French Edition): Read Kindle Store Reviews - lirodisa.tk L'empreinte culturelle de la Bible: Un état des lieux européen (Hors Collection) ( French Edition). 24 Nov by Jean-Claude Eslin and Chantal Labre.
Merci bien. Je ne suis pas contre, que proposez-vous? Tout le monde va hurler en choeur! Cela mettra encore de l'animation Tenez bon Ar-men! Foi de Marie Lato! Bien amicalement,je vous souhaite la bonne nuit comme on dit dans le Berry, je crois. Bonne lecture.
Vote FN ou rien! Plus le temps de faire la fine bouche. Mais les effets sont bons ou mauvais dans les 2 cas. Un vernis qui ne veut rien dire. Devenez sorciers, devenez savants. Georges Charpak. Forme d' entrisme! Ce n'est pas une phrase de Voltaire mais un titre du journal Boulevard Voltaire!!!! A CHA, "C'est ce que vous diriez, les yeux dans les yeux, aux femmes et aux enfants de ces piou piou? Pourquoi BB? Musulman un jour, musulman toujours,et seul,l'islam compte. Vous n'avez pas compris?
Je sais A vous CHA! A la lanterne. Il a voulu travailler? Voici le court texte de Shopenhauer, qui avait un caniche. Un caniche Et l'arrogance des socialistes est , d'une incroyable petitesse. Sans cette "prise de conscience" Bon retour de vacances MDF. ET oui si tous les gars du monde On connait la suite. OK pour la marche! Je suis tous les jours "partant", avec mon "coach" au poignet gauche.
Pour tout vous dire, mon "coach" s'appelle: "Fitbit Surge". Et il donne l'heure en plus! Mais vous vous en remettrez Ce soir je vais aller revoir deux "Bergmann". Delors , c'est fini, n-i-ni, faut-il vous l'envelopper Michel?? C'est effectivement et sans aucun doute une de ses meilleures citations! Je cherche, Templar, je cherche, je n'en finirai jamais.
Thanks to them and to a handful of others, I allowed myself to make mistakes with regard to the art world. This book, quite obviously, aims to widen even further the circle of discovery and discussion. It has been conceived as the first stone of a Foundation that will be vast without being monumental, sufficiently welcoming in its architecture to invite the shyest, most fragile and most distanced from art to discover the works that accompany me — and so many others.
A collector of exchanges, I await the day when we will see these works together, will feel together, think together. In my dreams, I see arriving Emerige engineers, architects, sales and marketing people, close and more distant partners who all give a part of themselves to this shared project. To begin! It suffices to provide planks and trestles to extend the table. Of course, France does not lack museums. Art is already exhibited here in public places and, fortunately more and more, also in private places.
I nevertheless consider it necessary to open a house where French post-war creation could host the banquet. They will invite each other and the creative artists they wish to invite, beyond borders, with honesty as their only passport. When I turn towards the artworks that have moved me to the point that I wished, when possible, to keep them nearby or to offer them to the gaze of the women and men who make up Emerige, I can distinguish a shared mental territory: this French culture widened to the dimensions of the horizon.
They are not hemmed in by identity or labels guaranteeing their origin issued by who knows what squad of customs officers but nevertheless are bearers of a specific genius. For thirty years, France has experienced a phase of existential obscurity, like the country has known so often in its political and cultural history, between two luminous and conquering periods. It is time, now or never, to support our artists, to offer them generosity and to say — more concretely than with words — that they are part of a heritage and as such deserve a home and hearth and a showcase to shelter their work and to make it known to the world.
Anselm Kiefer, whose magisterial constellation of The Unborn had to be embedded in a wall of the family lounge, reminds me each day of the fragility of existence. Giacometti imposes it, forcing us to stand up to cope with the height of the intensity of his fixed gaze. Above my work table, the gigantic wave by Gregor Hildebrandt, which electrifies me, comes from Germany.
For all that, France is not a no-go zone. In the name of what imposed nostalgia should I only admire my dead and buried compatriots, rush to exhibitions devoted to Philip Guston and Gerhard Richter, but snob Bruno Perramant and all the artists whose great flaw is that they were born after Renoir and Manet?
I come from a country, I grew up and work in it. But, being French means seeing Syracuse and remembering it in Paris. My opening up to the world takes me far, very far, as far as France. Life — my life — is too short to deprive myself of. Chartres, , oil on canvas, Untitled, , ink wash on paper, Bruno Perramant Le Sophiste, , huile sur toile triptyque , x cm chaque. Le Sophiste, , oil on canvas triptych , each Avec respect, nous vieillirons ensemble et nous retrouverons toujours. There are these artists whom I wanted to transform into another family, by accompanying them with confidence in their quest, over a long period, without holding missed opportunities against them because I am certain that our bonds cannot be broken.
With respect, we will grow old together and will always rediscover each other. If this book can allow me to share this tender and curious gaze on the treasures of France, those that the country addresses to the world after having received so much, I will have done useful work. The art that has filled my time, my space, my life, did not impose itself naturally. A Parisian, raised in a privileged environment, I initially perceived artworks as a decoration and, sometimes, as a tool for social distinction.
The experience of art came to me later: a line thrown out to me and grabbed through trials and tests. For a man of action, establishing a relationship of trust with an artist is a perilous exercise, but this invitation to doubt transforms whoever risks it. An artwork cracks open rock-solid certainties, accompanies life-changing events and can even provoke them. However, the best inspirations emanate from my exchanges with artists.
Because I was so lucky to experience this first salutary shock, I wish to share it as closely as possible, with those dear to me and beyond, consistent with the means which, with Emerige, I can mobilise. This passing on, this sharing is a responsibility that I have no wish to avoid. Moreover, why renounce it, because he who can invite people to the banquet of creativity receives in return as a gift the unfettered imaginations of.
Children who discover Versailles, on a holiday outing, stock up on powerful sensations and bring the desire to transform their lives back to La Courneuve or Vitry-sur-Seine.
In the architecture conceived by Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem and Ramon Vilalta, a hand held out is neither ornamental nor even uniquely symbolic. It is the main element, that from which everything proceeds because the building itself will be an invitation. Each year, beyond my own personal tastes, I capture the wave of all these young creators, then I try, particularly in my professional environment, to look at the world through their prism.
With impressive daring, they transform reality in order to fabricate another one from it, radically new in its form and its intention. This singular approach extends my horizon, sharpens my gaze, provokes unexpected connections. In an activity unavoidably governed by technology and finance, this addiction to other lives than our own is a treasure. The artworks that I am preparing to soon reveal, like the works by these young artists, will not necessarily please everyone.
I will be more useful if I could already, to escape repetition and to imagine our future, convey the little dose of fantasy that I owe to works of art. In the skip of a heartbeat. By Yannick Haenel Here is a collection of artworks: paintings, drawings, sculptures, objects, installations; everything is mixed up, combined, multiplied to the point that boundaries are erased and that each work, benefitting from its neighbour, seems painted, drawn, sculpted and installed all at once.
Surfaces are volumes, reliefs deepen, colours reveal forms: a whole world rushes to me and grabs hold of my nerves. Emotions light up: it is a swirling that vibrates. Here I am passing from one work to another, I look, I linger, I contemplate, I examine; very quickly I become obsessed by twenty of them, they become my favourites: I think of them like a lover, I have to see them again; so each day I come back, and the rite starts over: I look at them, I linger, I contemplate, I examine.
When we invoke a name, it unlocks and brings us close to the fire bringing. What have we done to our heads for them to be veiled? The human race searches for its colours in the middle of a world of ghosts. This black and white, which refers to the ignominy of images from the past, which imparts it with archival value, opens up a glaring gallery in the middle of the torpor that enslaves us that bleaches the terror.
Super Girl, , pigment print, mounted on Dibond, Untitled, , scalpel blades, CNC-machined polyurethane, 3D-printed nylon and graphite, Portrait de Garance 21, , charcoal and graphite on paper, 59 x Ce rouge de sang clair conjure le crime du monde. Le feu existe : je ne sais rien, mais cela je le sais. Une soif me porte vers des surfaces. To constantly return to painting, to the art of images — and hence to turn away from the flow of images in which we drown — is to rediscover colours.
Suddenly, it is the opposite of a Medusa that looks at you, it provokes the opposite of tetany. This bright blood red wards off the crime of the world. Yes, the world is painted in splendid colours, while the bodies that inhabit it are insipid, colourless, dull, gnawed at by insignificance: the gestures of the painter or photographer consist of repopulating the world with colours — of awakening what the renouncing of desires aligned to servile interests has instigated on a planetary scale: a non-world. By rushing from their death to our death, they will create a possibility for colour to reignite.
Fire exists: I know nothing, but this I know. This sacrificial act, by profaning the world, destines it to a sacred horror. This is what we live, in the interval of a heartbeat:. Open wide your eyes before blindness levels out and dissolves colours, and before all we can make out is a single puddle of blackish mud in which we slide and which, little by little, will absorb us. I see flaming heads here.
I see, in this collection of artworks, incredible cerebral operations, icebergs of faces gazing towards our reawakening. What I like in a work is the lightning it contains — the lightning it transmits. A thirst carries me towards the surfaces where painting opens up, better than the world, to the abysses that meteors gather; where another sky is invented instead of the one hanging about over our heads: a sky constellated with fire, ashes, flickering forests, and whose light will be sufficiently intense to irradiate my entire life, and yours.
Composition 3 pieces , , gouache and watercolour on paper, 8. Le Philosophe corse et ses amis, , assemblage, stones and ivory skulls, I love everything that is written, I have a passion for paper, for the signs that run across the white page. The fire is black: it kindles sparks on a white fire. What lights up comes from the depths of time.
And what is revealed through such a collection, and what I wish to call truth, stems less from reality than from its fire: there is an explosion of light at the heart of what we believe we live; this explosion is imperceptible; what burns is retained beneath the crust of reality; artists access it. If we finally managed to live according to this fire, our lives would rise up. This is the absolute meaning of art: to indicate this freedom.
Life is only alive on the condition that within it truth is freed. Not only do humanoids submit to their own obscurity, but, in the end, it would seem they like it. Yannick Haenel is a writer and co-founder of the literary review Ligne de risque. French spirit? An even shorter time ago, these same critics discovered that in their own country there existed artists who also developed rather strange stories, a little dicey, lost in complex elaborations. The East Coast then opened its doors to West Coast artists.
New York at last discovered Mike Kelley and his Californian friends, and admitted that it was too simplistic to confine cultures within stupid and reductive principles of identity. Defining a national spirit is an ambiguous exercise. By asserting that Futurism was born and continued to develop in the Italian Risorgimento, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti confined his movement within a nationalist ideology that would unfortunately end decked out in the tatters of fascism.
This freedom to contradict oneself allowed Dada to avoid the confinement of its thought in a dogma and to hence appear as a paragon of the avant-garde, when Futurism had preceded it in terms of madness and creativity. Defining a national spirit is lastly a trap because, above all else, it is the expression of a critical context.
It is the spirit of the times and adheres to trends, which in fact define what we want to or must think about art and artists. Our political and social environment dictates what we want to say about. To speak of a French spirit in would hence not have the same meaning as in the s, s or s. It was difficult, at first glance, to find a coherency, even though the exhibition was fascinating.
The Incoherents remain the most famous of these groups. They owed their success to a series of exhibitions and charity balls organised between and Their events very quickly became the pretext to dismantle the art of their time. They poked fun at every position, played with breaking down barriers between forms and aesthetic sources. Le langage emprunte plusieurs chemins buissonniers. Zipette, Troulala. Well ahead of their time, these compositions were painted on supports coming from everyday life: a skimming ladle, a shirt, saveloys with garlic, emery paper, a broom, even a live horse painted in blue, white and red.
Sometimes the canvas was ignored and only the frame was painted on. Here we see emerge a form of thought based on extravagance, humour, caricature and wordplay of which the artist and theoretician Arnaud Labelle-Rojoux is today the most worthy representative. In an almost similar logic, Raymond Roussel invented literary tableaux as absurd as they were unbridled. We know the influence he exerted over Marcel Duchamp; it is even said that the birth of the ready-made would have been inspired by the twisted use of objects such as they appeared in the theatrical performances of Impressions of Africa.
Even though Duchamp sometimes gave in to ribald metaphors L.
Both from the provincial bourgeoisie, born respectively in and , they grew up distorting the meaning of words. Morellet does so to upset the too rational contingencies of geometric. We can find this spirit in the Oulipo group or in the cinema of Jacques Rozier, with, in particular, the magnificent Maine Ocean , a film in which the protagonists seem not to understand each other. The language takes several wayward paths. Kiki Picasso, a founding member of the Bazooka art collective, draws from his talent as a critical and ironic illustrator to undermine the values of his time.
His huge installation, composed of twenty paintings, shown at La Maison Rouge is a perfect reflection of this. With this work, Kiki Picasso kills off most of the icons of French popular culture, starting with footballer Zinedine Zidane. Here it is chauvinism which is damaged, the patriotic and jingoistic spirit, through its three emblematic colours that we find in most of the paintings.
It is true that he defines himself above all as a satirist and that he demonstrates a definite talent for derision. But American. Gilles Barbier Grande fontaine au chocolat, , technique mixte, x x 82 cm. Grande fontaine au chocolat, , mixed media, Kiki Picasso Au final on ira tous au bal, , acrylique sur toile, ensemble de 20 peintures, dimensions variables. Au final on ira tous au bal, , acrylic on canvas, group of 20 paintings, varying dimensions. Steve Gianakos She was best viewed from a distance, , technique mixte sur papier, 63 x 52 cm.
She was best viewed from a distance, , mixed media on paper, Party dress, , mixed media on paper, Encore un sujet pour la psychanalyse! Il est aussi cofondateur de la revue Switch on paper. But deep down, what emerges from these hybrid references is a form of very French bourgeois classicism, crossed with fantasised eroticism, warped conventions and narrowed worlds that Georges Bataille would not renounce.
Strangely, there is almost nothing contemporary in this world, which is a reflection of an ancient time, made up of unsaid things and hidden feelings, specific to a society that is chic and withdrawn into itself. Perhaps therein lies an outdated image of France that Americans have concocted for themselves over several decades and which comes back to us in a kind of mirror effect?
Yet another subject for psychoanalysis! Most of these idioms are not written and are only used during rituals. But Gilles Barbier also represents a deep scientific, as well as literary science fiction and comic strip culture. An enemy of logic and definitive truths, his oeuvre is centred around principles of doubt, ambivalence and the multiplicity of meanings.
His work is not defined as critical or focusing on issues, but rather as a multitude of possibilities. His humour is instead the sign of his own schizophrenia, that which multiplies him into innumerable beings as grotesque as they are ridiculous both in terms of their size and in their get-ups. Gilles Barbier, psychoanalyst of himself? Trying to define this artist proves a challenge. We must begin by recalling that he was born and grew up in Vanuatu, whose lush vegetation, tropical and subtropical heat, humidity and exuberant forms nourish his work.
How is it possible not to evoke dislocated thinking when one comes from an archipelago made. These three examples show that a single and unique form of humour and language play does not exist, just like a predetermined French spirit does not exist. The French spirit is a complex equation that depends on multiple factors, beginning with the intentions of those who attempt to define it. In other words, the French spirit deserves the analysis of its analysis. He is co-founder of the magazine Switch on paper.
Elsewhere, here, everywhere: The legacy of surrealism. Dialectical in essence, surrealism revealed itself capable of absorbing everything and its opposite. The inexhaustible catalogue of forms and techniques incorporated into the amorphous surrealist grouping makes the identification of contemporary works escaping its influence, be it manifest or latent, improbable….
The role of surrealism in the history of modern art was nevertheless not a given. For a long time, the canonical narrative written in New York, in the rooms of the Museum of Modern Art MoMA , before being imposed on all modern art museums, considered surrealism as some kind of anachronous aberration. The new generation of American artists grouped together under the banner of pop art did more than proclaim the heritage of mass culture, these artists literally transposed it in their works.
Clearly, repressed surrealism resurfaced in American avant-garde art. For Edward Kienholz, Claes Oldenburg, Rauschenberg and Johns, surrealism was indeed the pioneer of a breaking down of barriers between artistic hierarchies, low-. The formalism, teleology the principle of a linear, positioned development of artistic forms according to a model of Darwinian inspiration and social isolation the boundary between avant-garde and kitsch that characterised the mainstream in which modern art seemed to be summarised suddenly found itself called into question.
Terra Erotica, , ink, ink wash, pastel and stump on paperboard, 22 x 30 in. Dream Object Vise Head , , bronze, wood and steel, 47 x 54 x Smart Art Press, Santa Monica, , p. While the pop artists evolved in a world where modernist principles still ruled, Shaw carried the intuitions of Warhol and Oldenburg through to their ultimate consequences, eliminating whatever formalism, stylistic autonomy and progressist ethos that could subsist in their works.
This eclecticism nevertheless has nothing to do with a hotchpotch. This quest for anonymity echoed, once again, the history of surrealism. Magritte still constrained himself to anonymity, the artist an enthusiast of painting that was as impersonal and anonymous as the common man with whom he identified. Nothing, however, could link Shaw so closely to surrealism as the persistent interest he showed in the aspect of dream and its spells.
In the s, for Jonathan Borofsky and. Camille Henrot Personal Development 2, , bronze, 75 x 50 x 36 cm. Personal Development 2, , bronze, Poulpe, , glazed earthenware and glass tiles, 37 x 9. Pelican, , glazed earthenware, Susan Hiller, the investigation of the dream world had constituted an escape from the rationality specific to the modernist episteme. In their footsteps, at the beginning of the s, Jim Shaw undertook to graphically record and transpose his dreams.
He rapidly produced some of the objects that appeared while he slept. In so doing, he accomplished another of the great surrealist projects, aimed at undermining our trust in the objectivity of the palpable world by introducing the reality of objects that appeared in dreams. In a few rooms further along, The Trick Brain was projected.
Massimiliano Giono did not fail to emphasise the insistent presence, in the works by the exhibited artists, of dolls, puppets and mannequins that had punctuated the history of surrealism. At the very moment that these lines appear on my computer screen, a Parisian gallery sets out to show the psychological resilience lurking within the work of art.
Max Ernst and Meret Oppenheim. An indefatigable explorer of the latent meanings of artworks, surrealism will never cease to appear like a multiplier of meanings. Yesterday, it was opposed to the reification that modernism imposed on images. Today, it contradicts. To counter the simplification of the images of consumption and information, surrealism, its complexity and its contradictions, has never been more necessary.
Les corps meurtris rejettent par jets de leurs orifices tous les fluides qui les composent. The piece by Annette Messager born in in Berck called La Main could be the threshold to this train of thought. Her whole oeuvre is built on this aggregation of sometimes heterogeneous elements but which, with passing time, take on an indisputable coherency. Although this artist expresses himself equally well in disciplines such as painting, sculpture, performance art and video, drawing remains the medium the most immediately connected to his own body.
It is not unusual that Toguo draws directly with his fingers without resorting to any tool. Moreover, he frequently says that drawing is a veritable extension of his body because it connects directly to his brain and his thoughts. It is the result of an unfiltered, unrepentant spontaneity. The watercolour medium perfectly embodies this fluidity. In his Purification series, the medium is one with the body, so to speak, of his subject: ink and water literally wash the figures clean of their torments and their sins.
The bruised bodies reject, by spurts from their orifices, all the fluids of which they are composed. The artist shapes the volumes by creating passages from one form to another, one member to another, sometimes forming a moulting where plant and human fuse to form a whole. Like, for example, Lovers in the Garden, in which pleasure and suffering, life and death, are inseparable. In Penitentes, the figures seem as though they have been flayed, partially stripped of their earthly body. This profound reflection on the epidermis, on the relation between surface and viscera was further developed a few years later in the Membranas series.
Composed of ink and gouache on pig intestines, it results from a strange chemistry between the organic materials here brought together in an unusual way. The motifs obtained range from the evocation of a fantastical bestiary to a curious herbarium, passing through possible references to the ink splotches of the Rorschach test. There is a great temptation, when undertaking an analysis of a private collection, to look for the man or woman behind the selected works, to determine a character, to sketch a portrait at the risk of confusing diverse aesthetic choices and inner temperament.
One can result from the other, but not necessarily. When it is a question, moreover, of broaching the way the relation to the body is particularly significant in the elements making up this collection, this temptation becomes even more legitimate because the representation of the figure may seem like the actual reflection of the collector.
Let us nevertheless get beyond this lure to attempt another hypothesis: that of a collection which would be an artwork in itself and which would delineate an autonomous body, composed of fragments but forming a whole. La Main, , gouache and watercolour on photograph laid on panel, The body is no longer just the vehicle of our emotions and sufferings, it becomes a world.
The young artist weaves the thread of an unbridled narrative, often based on personal experiences. She invents words and their definition, rather reminiscent of certain surrealist protocols. This choral oeuvre bears certain similarities to a Tower of Babel whose secret bond and unity can be revealed by Picandet alone. These mysterious creations echo the work of Henni Alftan born in in Helsinki who in his painting lays out the clues of an unknown fiction.
Bodies move about in a more prosaic setting — public transport, a swimming pool — but are always fragmentary. Tight framing, similar to that in movies, captures details in close-up: hands, fingernails The only feminine face portrayed is masked by the shadow of a profile which seems masculine. In fact, in the works that we have encountered until now, there are very few bodies whose gender is clearly defined if we exclude that of the Virgin Mary, whose child was conceived not by a body but by a spirit.
Would this collection, which we have tried to determine since. For Robert Longo born in in New York , the question seems to have been heard, if we consider, at first glance, the subject in its bluntness: the tight, close-up shot of a chest with voluptuous forms. The artist produced this piece with his characteristic virtuosity and hyperrealist rendering. However, the abstract treatment he gives it infuses a doubt and an ambiguity when it comes to recognising the subject. Is it possible to condense such antagonistic intentions in a single artwork? The ceramic work by Elsa Sahal born in in Bagnolet gives a supplementary materiality to this question, thereby further enriching it.
Her small figurines in the ice cream colours of childhood hold high the banner of their gender. Genital organs are not treated like attributes but they become the personalisation of their gender. Figures in their own right, they have become Everything. Sahal shapes, with joyful freedom, creatures both monstrous and seductive, repulsive and fascinating.
In her series on the puppet, she exhausts the figure of Jumping Jack, originally an articulated cardboard or wooden puppet whose arms and legs were made to move by strings. This usually masculine character represented a harlequin with colourful patterns. The artist twists the object through a range of multiple associations. Dressent-elles des portraits? This heart-puppet has neither head nor arms but it sometimes juggles with eyeballs and embraces life to the fullest with a grimacing smile. We can interpret them in a candid and childlike way or accept their underlying cruelty. Does the solution reside in the twists and turns of childhood memories?
In the series of ink wash drawings, they are accompanied by cuddly toys or playthings that frequently seem frightening. These objects, which sometimes have a disproportionate size, mirror the. But what do these scenes tell us about the character of the individuals portrayed? Are they portraits? This body often borne along by the highly free technique of drawing and by the fluidity of materials escapes the rigidification of time. In perpetual transformation, it resists the development of any constraint that would attempt to circumscribe it in a given form.
In , she was assistant curator of the Printemps de septembre festival in Toulouse. Long-standing arrivals. These hypothetical visitors exhibition organisers, art critics, dealers or curators were often sent by another artist, more well-established and generally teaching in an art school, who recommended that they go and cast their eyes over the work, which the aforementioned artist considered promising.
This system was based on word-of-mouth, the passing on of aesthetic discoveries and implicitly shared artistic values. There has been a dramatic rise in awards, grants and diverse salons that function on a portfolio submissions principle, and the latter is now without a doubt the most popular and effective path by which artists hope to make themselves known.
This increase has brought about a genuine shortcut between the studios of emerging artists and the gaze of professionals, without really making the necessary co-optation of critics and the recommendation principle. In many cases, the visit has even totally disappeared, since it is rare that emerging artists have access to a real studio over a long period.
The essential element of what he produces is the path itself. As all the aesthetics found within it are championed by critics, dealers, institution directors, curators and collectors, whose reputation is established on a local or international. Jennyfer Grassi Fitzcarraldo, , peinture sur toile triptyque , x cm. Fitzcarraldo, , oil on canvas triptych , Henni Alftan Rush hour, , huile sur toile, 60 x 81 cm.
Rush hour, , oil on canvas, The same phenomenon can be seen on the other side of this art domain, in major international gatherings, especially at fairs, where the most conceptual rubs shoulders with the most tantalising, where the most coded is shown alongside the most universal, where what some would consider the worst bad taste has equal standing with the subtlest.
The art of the present is built on a compromise that is destabilising for its detractors, who would love to be able to stick one and the same label on this apparent shambles. Unfortunately for them, this chaos of styles, mediums and figures cannot be grabbed in its entirety from either end, because it is at least as complex as the world we live in and which constantly nourishes it. To look for some logic or other, an indisputable aesthetic theory that would bring about a radical sorting — like the many manifestos that illuminated the twentieth century attempted to do — would cover only a tiny part of the art of the present, a probability among all the others, in this horizontal cohabitation of possibilities.
In fact, what we can observe is the total opposite. Alongside these practices cohabit works by artists committed to geopolitical battles: we think of the travels of Louis-Cyprien Rials or of the experiments, both sociological and dreamlike, which Mali Arun manages to express in her films. All these artists offer singular artworks, whose character and style are easily identifiable.
And yet, with each of these creators, intense. Lucie Picandet Nexus 4. Celui que je suis. Nexus 4. Inflatable ball, counterweight, electric scooter engine, chandelier, slip ring, motorcycle chain, 4, litres of air, , diam. Left to right: Les Gardiens 1, Les Gardiens 5, , scratched photographs, This talented generation, which seems to grow from coincidences, also makes shooting stars suddenly appear. From out of nowhere, or at least not from any art school, the young artist Edgar Sarin has effected, through several exhibitions, a kind of synthesis of the many trends that now cohabit on equal terms in the contemporary aesthetic, and sketched what it may become.
With his works, which seem to extend the brilliant intensity of Joseph Beuys or Bas Jan Ader, the young artist has managed the feat of a solo exhibition at the prestigious Konrad Fischer Galerie in Germany, as well as. The influences of these new artists are themselves often a highbrow mix of international and French artists whose recognition is not always officially endorsed by the market, proof that the renewal of the gaze on the art of the past happens above all through its validity within the art scenes that follow it.
Hence, we see emerging, in an environment that, on the surface, glorifies self-achievement, hypervisibility and financial success, a new ecology of our relationship to artworks borne by this generation, which is too often reproached for working on what has already been done. In launched, with Laurent Dumas, the Emerige Revelations Grant aimed at supporting emerging artists working in France. Contre la glaciation de la.
Jean-Michel Alberola. By Rebecca Lamarche-Vadel Jean-Michel Alberola forms a labyrinth of paintings, etchings, neon works and publications that are built from sinuous lines, branches and cul-de-sacs. The oeuvre is a treasure hunt that has lasted since the beginning of the s, a maze whose paths are those of connection; Alberola links together, he places himself inside time.
Like Ulysses by James Joyce, the artist captures all the details, all the little nothings. In his work, we also find the thinking of Joseph Beuys, the heritage of Duchamp and Broodthaers. He invites us to traverse territories like in an adventure tale by Robert Louis Stevenson. The artist turns himself into a surveyor of intervals to counter the glaciation of thought.
By eluding all systematisation, Alberola multiplies viewpoints, possibilities, depicts a place where. Started in , it portrays an unidentifiable masculine figure, repeated from one painting to another. The King of Nothing is he who has no subjects — it is also he who, from one painting to another, becomes dismembered, fragmented, whose body inexorably dislocates towards nothing. In the twists and turns of history, Alberola questions what we do with the past, what we keep of it, what we leave behind, like a Walter Benjamin who wonders about the responsibility of the living.
What makes heritage? It is visible and invisible, like an icon. To speak of the Roi du rien, the artist evokes Pierre Clastres and his fieldwork among Amerindian societies, these societies without faith, law, or king. Alberola has always plunged into the mystery of what connects, of what puts each of us in the middle of connections, contradictions, between the agitation of the past, the moment and the space, of what keeps us in a state of permanent displacement.
Would the work be suggesting that the response is elsewhere than in vision? That there would be other ways for the senses to understand the world, beyond the modern reign of the optical? In a kind of homage to interiors possessing enough empty space air space to make their being the site of the trembling of history, the painting Fred Astaire creates a portrait of a dancing being. The legendary Fred Astaire is a thinking body whose movements are beyond laws, who manipulates tapdancing, ballroom dancing, popular dance, like swing or jazz; who obstinately refuses to be bound in by rules.
Astaire dances while getting dressed, lighting firecrackers, playing the drums, with a coat hanger, climbing walls and ceilings, jumps on a bar, breaks glasses with his feet; each motif of his dance is an exploratory step.
Fred Astaire also dances time; slightly outstepping the rhythm before letting it slide and catch up with him in a fraction of seconds. Roi de rien, , technique mixte sur papier, x cm. Roi de rien, , mixed media on paper,