The films are listed below by their American release titles, and the titles in parentheses are their original Italian titles with an approximate English translation. Dates shown are the original Italian theatrical release dates, not necessarily the U. A number of English-dubbed Italian films that featured the Hercules name in their titles were never intended to be Hercules movies by their Italian creators None of these films in their original Italian versions involved the Hercules character in any way.
Likewise, most of the Sons of Hercules movies shown on American TV in the s had nothing to do with Hercules in their original Italian incarnations. There were a total of 25 Maciste films from the s peplum craze not counting the two dozen silent Maciste films made in Italy pre Unlike the other Italian peplum protagonists, Maciste found himself in a variety of time periods ranging from the Ice Age to 16th Century Scotland.
Maciste was never given an origin, and the source of his mighty powers was never revealed. However, in the first film of the s series, he mentions to another character that the name "Maciste" means "born of the rock" almost as if he was a god who would just appear out of the earth itself in times of need. One of the s silent Maciste films was actually entitled "The Giant from the Dolomite", hinting that Maciste may be more god than man, which would explain his great strength.
The first title listed for each film is the film's original Italian title along with its English translation, while the U. Note how many times Maciste's name in the Italian title is altered to an entirely different name in the American title :. The films had almost identical casts, both starring Val Davis as Maciste, and appear to have been shot back-to-back.
The former was distributed in Italy as a "Karzan" movie a cheap Tarzan imitation , while the latter film was released only in France with hardcore inserts as Les Gloutonnes "The Gobblers". These two films were totally unrelated to the s Italian Maciste series.
Following Buddy Baer 's portrayal of Ursus in the classic film Quo Vadis , Ursus was used as a superhuman Roman-era character who became the protagonist in a series of Italian adventure films made in the early s. When the "Hercules" film craze hit in , Italian filmmakers were looking for other muscleman characters similar to Hercules whom they could exploit, resulting in the nine-film Ursus series listed below.
Ursus was referred to as a "Son of Hercules" in two of the films when they were dubbed in English in an attempt to cash in on the then-popular "Hercules" craze , although in the original Italian films, Ursus had no connection to Hercules whatsoever. In the English-dubbed version of one Ursus film retitled Hercules, Prisoner of Evil , Ursus was actually referred to throughout the entire film as "Hercules". A character named Samson was featured in a series of five Italian sword-and-sandal films in the s, no doubt inspired by the re-release of the epic Victor Mature film "Samson and Delilah".
The character was similar to the Biblical Samson in the third and fifth films only; in the other three, he just appears to be a very strong man not related at all to the Biblical figure. The name Samson was also inserted into the U. Samson and the Treasure of the Incas a. Hercules and the Treasure of the Incas sounds like a peplum title, but was actually a spaghetti western. The Italians used Goliath as the superhero protagonist in a series of adventure films pepla in the early s.
He was a man possessed of amazing strength, although he seemed to be a different person in each film. After the classic Hercules became a blockbuster sensation in the film industry, a Steve Reeves film Il terrore dei barbari Terror of the Barbarians was retitled Goliath and the Barbarians in the USA.
The film was so successful at the box office, it inspired Italian filmmakers to do a series of four more films featuring a generic beefcake hero named Goliath, although the films were not related to each other in any way. The Italian peplum David and Goliath starring Orson Welles was not part of this series, since that movie was just a historical retelling of the Biblical story.
The name Goliath was also inserted into the English titles of 3 other Italian pepla that were retitled for U. Both Goliath and the Vampires and Goliath and the Sins of Babylon actually featured the famed Italian folk hero Maciste in the original Italian versions, but American distributors didn't feel the name "Maciste" meant anything to American audiences. The Sons of Hercules was a syndicated television show that aired in the United States in the s. The series repackaged 14 randomly chosen Italian sword-and-sandal films by unifying them with memorable title and end title theme songs and a standard voice-over intro relating the main hero in each film to Hercules any way they could.
In some areas, each film was split into two one-hour episodes, so the 14 films were shown as 28 weekly episodes. None of the films were theatrically released in the USA. The films are not listed in chronological order, since they were not really related to each other in any way. The first title listed below for each film was its American broadcast television title, followed by the English translation of the original Italian theatrical title in parentheses:.
Steve Reeves appeared in 14 pepla made in Italy from to , and most of his films are highly regarded examples of the sword and sandal genre.
His pepla are listed below in order of production, not in order of release. The U. There were many s and s Italian pepla that did not feature a major superhero such as Hercules, Maciste or Samson , and as such they fall into a sort of miscellaneous category. The first really successful Italian films of that kind were Black Eagle from , and Fabiola from Inspired by the success of Spartacus , there were a number of Italian peplums that heavily emphasized the gladiatorial arena in their plots, with it becoming almost a peplum subgenre in itself; One group of supermen known as "The Ten Gladiators" appeared in a trilogy, all three films starring Dan Vadis in the lead role.
With the interest in the Elizabeth Taylor Cleopatra film shot in Rome, several Italian films sought to ride its wave of publicity. After the peplum gave way to the Spaghetti Western and Eurospy films in , the genre lay dormant for close to 20 years. Then in , the box-office success of Arnold Schwarzenegger 's Conan the Barbarian spurred a second renaissance of sword and sorcery Italian pepla in the five years immediately following. Most of these films had low budgets, focusing more on barbarians and pirates so as to avoid the need for expensive Greco-Roman sets.
The filmmakers tried to compensate for their shortcomings with the addition of some graphic gore and nudity. Many of these s entries were helmed by noted Italian horror film directors, and many featured Lou Ferrigno or Sabrina Siani. Here is a list of the s pepla:.
Peplum film genre This poster for Goliath and the Barbarians illustrates many people's expectations from films of this genre. A poster for Hercules starring Steve Reeves. Main article: The Sons of Hercules. Winkler, Martin Troy: from Homer's Iliad to Hollywood Epic. December 8, Exploitation film.
El Rapto de las Sabinas English Translation: The Rape of the Sabine Women is a historical drama film adaptation of the Roman foundation myth about the abduction of Sabine women by the Romans shortly after the foundation of the city of Rome probably in the s BC. The film was written and directed by Alberto Gout.
High fantasy or epic fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy, defined either by the epic nature of its setting or by the epic stature of its characters, themes, or plot. By contrast, low fantasy is characterized by being set in the primary or real world, or a rational and familiar fictional world with the inclusion of magical elements. Tolkien—especially The Lord of the Ring. Hercules Italian: Le fatiche di Ercole, lit.
Hercules was directed by Pietro Francisci and produced by Federico Teti. Hercules made Reeves an international film star and effectively paved the way for the dozens of s peplum or "sword and sandal" films featuring bodybuilder actors as mythological heroes and gladiators battling monsters, despots, and evil queens. Pelias' beautiful daughter Princess Iole updates Hercules on the history of her father's rise to power and the theft of the kingdom's greatest treasure, the Golden Fleece. Hercules is a science fiction-fantasy adventure film written and directed by Luigi Cozzi and starring Lou Ferrigno.
The film is based on Greek mythology and follows the exploits of Hercules. Plot The film is a retelling of the story of Hercules Lou Ferrigno battling the wizard Minos William Berger , who uses "science" in an attempt to take over the world. Hercules must stop him and rescue his princess love in the process. Atlas is a action-adventure Peplum film directed by Roger Corman, filmed in Greece. Corman's regular screenwriter Charles B. Griffith wanted to title the film Atlas, the Guided Muscle based on the first American intercontinental ballistic missile the SM Atlas.
Cast Michael Forest Atlas Barboura Morris Candia Frank Wolff Proximates the Tyrant Walter Maslow Gallus Miranda Kounelaki as Arione Production With the massive international popularity of Hercules, Roger Corman thought he would make his own entry in the sword and sandal genre with a film shot in Greece instead of Italy.
Corman's original plan was for an epic film in wide screen and colour to be released initially on a roadshow circuit by his Filmgroup organisation instead of Filmgroup's usual black and white double features. Cleopatra's Daughter Italian: Il sepolcro dei re is a historical drama film set in Egypt during the reign of the pharaoh Khufu r. The film stars Debra Paget and was directed by Fernando Cerchio. For some reason, the English version was translated very differently from the original Italian script, setting the film in the 1st century BC, rather than the early Bronze Age.
Cleopatra has left a surviving daughter, Shila, raised by the king and queen of Assyria. When Nemorat conquers Assyria, Shila is brought to the Egyptian court; and, at the instigation of Nemorat's mother, marries the pharaoh. The pharaoh, who is a mentally disturbed hypochondriac, has a good and wise physician, Resi, who falls in love with Shila, and encourages her to go on living despite the killing of her Assyrian surrogate parents by Tegi.
When Shila spurns an amorous Nemorat one evening, he goes into. She is a post apocalyptic film directed by Avi Nesher and starring Sandahl Bergman. She was based on H. Rider Haggard's novel She: A History of Adventure, Plot Set 23 years after a nuclear war called "The Cancellation", the film follows Tom and his friend Dick, whose sister has been captured by a local tribe, the Urech. They set out to find and rescue her, while avoiding the dangerous tribes encountered along the way. After being captured and escaping from a clan led by "She" Sandahl Bergman, they receive help as She decides to assist them after learning of a prophecy from a local seer.
The ruler of the Urech can levitate his enemies and has an army of mutant, special abilities apparently granted by the nuclear radiation. Rushing , p. Hahn, Ronald M. Lexikon des Fantasy-Films. Sources Kinnard, Roy; Crnkovich, Tony Italian Sword and Sandal Films, The Magnificent Gladiator Italian: Il magnifico gladiatore is a Italian sword-and-sandal film written and directed by Alfonso Brescia.
Plot Attalus or anachronistically "Hercules" in the English version is captured by Roman soldiers on the frontier during the reign of Gallienus AD Attalus is brought back to Rome and forced to fight in the arena as a gladiator, but once there, he becomes embroiled in a plot to overthrow the emperor. References Kinnard, Roy; Crnkovich, Tony The film is among the peplums of the s to feature a woman as the central character, along with Red Sonja, Hundra and Barbarian Queen.
Il terzo romanzo della serie Roma Arena Saga, pubblicata solo in ebook. Il gladiatore Marco Valerio Pavone e il suo mentore Macrone in lotta per la vita nel . Il quinto romanzo della serie Roma Arena Saga, pubblicata solo in ebook Similar books to Roma Arena Saga. La spada del gladiatore (Italian Edition).
Budnik described the film as a "Conan rip-off from Italy" that was closer to "peplum from the late s" and had a similar "meandering feel" that the films of that era had. Budnik , p. Sources Budnik, Daniel R. Brenno il nemico di Roma a. Stephen Lester Reeves January 21, — May 1, was an American professional bodybuilder, actor, and philanthropist. He was famous in the mids as a movie star in Italian-made peplum films, playing the protagonist as muscular characters such as Hercules, Goliath, and Sandokan.
At the peak of his career, he was the highest-paid actor in Europe. By , Reeves was ranked as the number-one box-office draw in twenty-five countries around the world.
Plot The film is set in a heroic fantasy world. The Ragnicks, a tribe of peaceful travelling entertainers, are attacked by the evil tyrant Kadar, who takes their queen Canary hostage. Canary, however, manages to hide her magic ruby, the lucky talisman of the Ragnicks which Kadar seeks to bolster his power.
Two young twins from the tribe, Kutchek and Gore, bite off two of Kadar's fingers. In retaliation, Kadar has them taken prisoner as well, but agrees to spare their lives if Canary becomes his bride. Kutchek and Gore are separated and work as slaves for several years, and grow up as amazingly strong adults. Once they have come of age, Kadar sets them up to. Colossus and the Headhunters Italian: Maciste contro i cacciatori di teste, lit. The survivors board Maciste's raft, and he pilots it toward a nearby yet unknown island.
The group gets captured by a tribe led by Queen Amoa. Her people are under continuous attack by another tribe on the island—a tribe of savage headhunters. Maciste and his survivors decide to help her, so he and some of his friends set out to find Amoa's father. They travel to a ruined castle occupied by the headhunters—which used to be a great city of gold—and find Amoa's father, now blind, imprisoned alone in one of the dungeon rooms by the headhunters.
Meanwhile, the leader of the headhunters captures Amoa and decides to marry her by compelling her father to give his blessing. A large battle erupts at Queen Amoa's village when the hea. The film describes the conflict between Cantabrian guerrilla leader Corocotta and Roman general Marcus Agrippa. In Rome, Augustus is furious. His general Agrippa proposes a new plan - to defeat the Canabrians by adoptin. It was originally released in Super Technirama The film is also known as Hercules Conquers Atlantis in the United Kingdom, and Hercules and the Captive Women in the United States where the film was not only retitled but edited, rescored and given a title design by Filmation.
As there is no agreement, Androcles King of Thebes seeks the assistance of his friend, the legendary Hercules. Hercules, now married to Deianira with a son named Hylas, does not wish to leave the comfort of his family, though Hylas is keen for adventure. Androcles takes matters into his own hands by drugging and kidnapping Hercules and placing him aboard a ship manned by. The series repackaged 13 Italian sword-and-sandal films by giving them a standardized theme song for the opening and closing titles, as well as a standard introductory narration attempting to relate the lead character in each film to the Greek demigod Hercules.
These films however were not all originally made as "Hercules" films in Italy. Although two of them did originally feature Hercules and not his sons , four of the films were originally Maciste movies in Italy, and the others were just isolated gladiator or mythological hero movies not released theatrically in the US.
Films in the series There were 13 films in the Sons of Hercules syndication package. Hercules in the Haunted World Italian: Ercole al centro della terra, lit. Hercules, with two companions, Theseus and Telemachus, embarks on a dangerous quest for the stone, while he is unaware that Dianara's guardian, King Lico, is the one responsible for her condition and plots to have the girl for himself as his bride upon her revival.
Lico i. Early years Clark was born in Neffs, Ohio. He enlisted in the Navy when he was 17, and after being honorably discharged, he sought a career as an actor. When that effort was unsuccessful, he found employment as a model and as a construction worker. Clark made many guest star appearances on a variety of American TV shows, including four appearances on Alfred Hitchcock Presents.
The film focuses primarily on the exploits of the Trojan hero Aeneas during this time. Barabbas is a religious epic film expanding on the career of Barabbas, from the Christian Passion narrative in the Gospel of Mark and other gospels. A previous film version of the novel, in Swedish, had been made in The crowd gathered for the pardoning chooses Bara. This is a list of apocalyptic feature-length films. Grimdark is a subgenre of speculative fiction with a tone, style, or setting that is particularly dystopian, amoral, or violent.
The term is inspired by the tagline of the tabletop strategy game Warhammer 40, "In the grim darkness of the far future there is only WAR. But he noted that grimdark has little to do with re-imagining an actual historic reality and more with conveying the sense that our own world is a "cynical, disillusioned, ultraviolent place". Plot It's 75 BC and Rome is in turmoil.
Killers are on the loose. Julius Caesar must flee due to his wife's Cornelia family's ties to Sulla's enemies. Caesar decides to flee Rome to the court of his friend, King Nicomedes of Bithynia. While traveling to Mileto, Caesar is captured by pirates and taken to their island fortress on the island of Formacusa.
The pirates led by Hamar are engaged in hostilities with Bithynia, and Caesar swears that once he has paid his ransom of fifty talents of gold, he will return and destroy the pirates. Castellari from a story by Luigi Cozzi, revolving around the adventures of Sinbad the Sailor. Sinbad must recover five magical stones to free the city of Basra from the evil spell cast by a wizard, which his journey takes him to mysterious islands and he must battle magical creatures in order to save the world. Plot The film is narrated by a mother who tells her daughter a bedtime story from a large book: In the city of Basra, the evil vizier Jaffar has clouded the caliph's mind and imprisoned his daughter, Princess Alina in order to marry her.
Jaffar has four of the town's five sacred gems sent to dangerous and evil places where they will be carefully guarded by magical forces. Sinbad and his crew arrive at the caliph's palace, only to be captured by the hypnotised soldiers. Jaffar sentences Sinbad's crew to the torture chamber while the mighty sailor is to be locked in a pit full of snakes.
Sinbad gets out of the snak. Sources Hughes, Howard London - New Y. Though the film was one of Margheriti's most financially successful films, it received poor reviews from Variety and The New York Times and drew three nominations at the Golden Raspberry Awards. Plot Yor, a roving hunter and barbarian, jogs through a seemingly prehistoric desert landscape, past the stone towers of Cappadocia, Turkey. In a nearby village, Kala, a seemingly primitive cavewoman, and her mentor and protector Pag are hunting. Suddenly, they are attacked by a "stegoceratops," a cross-breed of a Stegosaurus and a Triceratops.
Yor appears and kills the dinosaur with his axe, drinking some of its blood immediately afterwards. Yor is befriended by the village, and together. This is a list of movies based on Greek and Roman mythology. Amazons La Regina delle Amazzoni a. Hercules The complete Italian Hercules series in chronological order  The films are listed below by their American release titles, and the titles in parentheses are the original Italian titles.
A poster for Hercules starring Steve Reeves. Retrieved 14 February Kinnard, Roy; Crnkovich, Tony Italian Sword and Sandal Films, — Bondanella, Peter; Pacchioni, Federico A History of Italian Cinema. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. Della Casa, Steve; Giusti, Marco Edizione Sabinae. Page Federazione italiana cineforum.
Pomeroy, Arthur J. Bloomsbury Academic. Nikoloutsos, Konstantinos P. Ancient Greek Women in Film. OUP Oxford. Bayman, Louis Directory of World Cinema: Italy. Intellect Books. Diak, Nicholas Editions Ecole Polytechnique. Brenner-Idan, Athalya Feminist Companion to Esther, Judith and Susanna.
Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. Ritzer, Ivo; Schulze, Peter W. Genre Hybridisation: Global Cinematic Flow. Klein, Amanda Ann; Palmer, R. Barton University of Texas Press.
Retrieved 6 February Cornelius, Michael G. The Ancient World in Silent Cinema. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 11 February Pryor, Thomas M. December 8, Frumkes, Roy, ed. July Tauris, Hughes, Howard Retrieved 15 February Brunetta, Gian Piero Cent'anni di cinema italiano in Italian. Dizionario del cinema italiano: I film. Gremese, Sword-and-sandal topic This poster for Goliath and the Barbarians illustrates many people's expectations from films of this genre.
In their English versions, peplum films can be immediately differentiated from their Hollywood Folders related to Sword-and-sandal: Fantasy genres Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Sword and sandal Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Historical fiction Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.
Fantasy film topic Fantasy films are films that belong to the fantasy genre with fantastic themes, usually magic, supernatural events, mythology, folklore, or exotic fantasy worlds. Often, they feature a hero of humble origins and a clear distinction between Folders related to Fantasy film: Speculative fiction templates Revolvy Brain revolvybrain History of fiction Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Chronology of Fictional Works Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Sword and planet topic Cover of Amazing Stories, October Sword and planet is a subgenre of science fantasy that features rousing adventure stories set on other planets, and usually featuring humans as protagonists.
For example, little thought is given to explaining why the environment of the alien p Folders related to Sword and planet: Science fantasy Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Speculative fiction templates Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Planetary romances Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.
Peplum topic Look up peplum in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. He then worked at a variety of jobs until when he was spotted by a talent agent while w Folders related to Gordon Scott: Disease-related deaths in Maryland Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Male actors from Baltimore Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Actors who portrayed Tarzan Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. He expanded on this in the July issue of Amra, commenting: I feel more certain Folders related to Sword and sorcery: Sword and sorcery Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fantasy genres Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Dark fantasy topic Dark fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy literary, artistic, and cinematic works that incorporate darker and frightening themes of fantasy.
On the way, Glaucus intervenes in defense of a thief named Antonius, who is being severely punished on orde Folders related to The Last Days of Pompeii film : s disaster films Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Sword and sandal films Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Films scored by Angelo Francesco Lavagnino Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Meanwhile, the warlord - who has assumed kinghood after Ator's fall - has angered the Goddess of Fire and Death, whom he owes his power and whose cult he leads: she demands that Sangraal be sacrificed; either that or Nantuk will lose his power, his kin Folders related to The Sword of the Barbarians: Sword and sorcery Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Sword and sandal Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Sword and sandal films Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.
High fantasy topic High fantasy or epic fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy, defined either by the epic nature of its setting or by the epic stature of its characters, themes, or plot. Hercules film topic Hercules Italian: Le fatiche di Ercole, lit. Hercules film topic Hercules is a science fiction-fantasy adventure film written and directed by Luigi Cozzi and starring Lou Ferrigno.
Atlas film topic Atlas is a action-adventure Peplum film directed by Roger Corman, filmed in Greece. Cleopatra's Daughter topic Cleopatra's Daughter Italian: Il sepolcro dei re is a historical drama film set in Egypt during the reign of the pharaoh Khufu r.
Anime Films Television programs. During this tour, your kid friendly guide Donato, who is also an expert archaelogist, will adopt a special approach with your family, especially with the kids. Its a personal experience, its custody and you can ask all the questions you want. IFC Tues. Tailored private tours.
She film topic She is a post apocalyptic film directed by Avi Nesher and starring Sandahl Bergman. Brennus, Enemy of Rome topic Brenno il nemico di Roma a. Steve Reeves topic Stephen Lester Reeves January 21, — May 1, was an American professional bodybuilder, actor, and philanthropist. Once they have come of age, Kadar sets them up to Folders related to The Barbarians film : Sword and sorcery Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Sword and sandal Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Sword and sandal films Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.
Colossus and the Headhunters topic Colossus and the Headhunters Italian: Maciste contro i cacciatori di teste, lit. Androcles takes matters into his own hands by drugging and kidnapping Hercules and placing him aboard a ship manned by Folders related to Hercules and the Conquest of Atlantis: Sword and sandal films Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Mystery Science Theater episodes Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Films directed by Vittorio Cottafavi Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Barabbas film topic Barabbas is a religious epic film expanding on the career of Barabbas, from the Christian Passion narrative in the Gospel of Mark and other gospels.
List of apocalyptic films topic This is a list of apocalyptic feature-length films. Grimdark topic Grimdark is a subgenre of speculative fiction with a tone, style, or setting that is particularly dystopian, amoral, or violent.