Extend your visit at Efteling and book an overnight stay in one of the many accommodation options. Efteling is open every day of the year to enchant you each season. During the summer, enjoy extra long days! Cool down in the fun water attractions, enjoy spectacular entertainment and be amazed by nature at its most beautiful. In July and August, the park is open till 8. Leave your email address and receive the latest news and special offers once or twice a month. Discover theme park Efteling. Tickets Overnight stays Discover Efteling. Buy your tickets with a discount online!
New website in the English language is coming soon. Brexit-Monitor In March , following the Brexit referendum, the British Government formally initiated the process which will ultimately lead to the country's departure from the European Union. July 9, The development of global sustainability goals: German online platform starting now More. Other faiths existed in the state, but never achieved a demographic significance and cultural impact of these three confessions. Germany lost nearly all of its Jewish minority during the Holocaust.
Religious makeup changed gradually in the decades following , with West Germany becoming more religiously diversified through immigration and East Germany becoming overwhelmingly irreligious through state policies. It continues to diversify after the German reunification in , with an accompanying substantial decline in religiosity throughout all of Germany and a contrasting increase of evangelical Protestants and Muslims. Geographically, Protestantism is concentrated in the northern, central and eastern parts of the country.
According to the German Census , Christianity is the largest religion in Germany, claiming Other religions accounted for 2. According to the most recent data from , the Catholic Church and the Evangelical Church claimed respectively A estimate even shows that Islam is the second largest religion in the country. Other religions comprising less than one per cent of Germany's population  are Buddhism with , adherents, Judaism with , adherents, and Hinduism with some , adherents. All other religious communities in Germany have fewer than 50, adherents each.
German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany. To a lesser extent, it is also related to the North Germanic languages , and the extinct East Germanic languages , to an even lesser extent. Most German vocabulary is derived from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. German is written using the Latin alphabet.
German dialects , traditional local varieties traced back to the Germanic tribes, are distinguished from varieties of standard German by their lexicon , phonology , and syntax. German is the most widely spoken first language in the European Union , with around million native speakers. The most used immigrant languages are Turkish , Kurdish , Polish , the Balkan languages , and Russian. The Goethe-Institut is a non-profit German cultural association operational worldwide with institutes.
It is offering the study of the German language and encouraging global cultural exchange. Responsibility for educational supervision in Germany is primarily organised within the individual federal states. Optional kindergarten education is provided for all children between three and six years old, after which school attendance is compulsory for at least nine years. Primary education usually lasts for four to six years. A system of apprenticeship called Duale Ausbildung leads to a skilled qualification which is almost comparable to an academic degree.
It allows students in vocational training to learn in a company as well as in a state-run trade school. Most of the German universities are public institutions, and students traditionally study without fee payment.
However, there are a number of exceptions, depending on the state, the college and the subject. Tuition free academic education is open to international students and is increasingly common. Germany has a long tradition of higher education. The established universities in Germany include some of the oldest in the world , with Heidelberg University established in being the oldest.
Germany's system of hospitals, called Krankenhaus , dates from medieval times, and today, Germany has the world's oldest universal health care system, dating from Bismarck's social legislation of the s,  Since the s, reforms and provisions have ensured a balanced health care system. Currently the population is covered by a health insurance plan provided by statute, with criteria allowing some groups to opt for a private health insurance contract. A study shows Germany has the highest number of overweight people in Europe.
Culture in German states has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular. Historically, Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker "the land of poets and thinkers" ,  because of the major role its writers and philosophers have played in the development of Western thought.
Germany is well known for such folk festival traditions as Oktoberfest and Christmas customs , which include Advent wreaths , Christmas pageants , Christmas trees , Stollen cakes, and other practices. In the 21st century Berlin has emerged as a major international creative centre. German classical music includes works by some of the world's most well-known composers. During his tenure as violinist and teacher at the Salzburg cathedral, Augsburg-born composer Leopold Mozart mentored one of the most noted musicians of all time: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Ludwig van Beethoven was a crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras. Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms composed in the Romantic idiom. Richard Wagner was known for his operas. Richard Strauss was a leading composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras.
Karlheinz Stockhausen and Hans Zimmer are important composers of the 20th and early 21st centuries. Germany is the second largest music market in Europe, and fourth largest in the world. German electronic music gained global influence, with Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream pioneering in this genre. Paul van Dyk , Paul Kalkbrenner , and Scooter. German painters have influenced western art. The New Objectivity arose as a counter-style to it during the Weimar Republic.
Other notable artists who work with traditional media or figurative imagery include Martin Kippenberger , Gerhard Richter , Sigmar Polke , and Neo Rauch. Major art exhibitions and festivals in Germany are the documenta , the Berlin Biennale , transmediale and Art Cologne. Architectural contributions from Germany include the Carolingian and Ottonian styles , which were precursors of Romanesque. Brick Gothic is a distinctive medieval style that evolved in Germany. Also in Renaissance and Baroque art, regional and typically German elements evolved e. Weser Renaissance and Dresden Baroque.
The Wessobrunner School exerted a decisive influence on, and at times even dominated, the art of stucco in southern Germany in the 18th century. The Upper Swabian Baroque Route offers a baroque-themed tourist route that highlights the contributions of such artists and craftsmen as the sculptor and plasterer Johann Michael Feuchtmayer , one of the foremost members of the Feuchtmayer family and the brothers Johann Baptist Zimmermann and Dominikus Zimmermann.
Notable sub-styles that evolved since the 18th century are the German spa and seaside resort architecture. Expressionist architecture developed in the s in Germany and influenced Art Deco and other modern styles, with e. Germany was particularly important in the early modernist movement : it is the home of Werkbund initiated by Hermann Muthesius New Objectivity , and of the Bauhaus movement founded by Walter Gropius. Consequently, Germany is often considered the cradle of modern architecture and design.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe became one of the world's most renowned architects in the second half of the 20th century. Mayer H. German literature can be traced back to the Middle Ages and the works of writers such as Walther von der Vogelweide and Wolfram von Eschenbach. The collections of folk tales published by the Brothers Grimm popularised German folklore on an international level.
Many of Europe's best-selling newspapers and magazines are produced in Germany. The German video gaming market is one of the largest in the world. German cinema has made major technical and artistic contributions to film. The first works of the Skladanowsky Brothers were shown to an audience in Director Fritz Lang 's Metropolis is referred to as the first major science-fiction film. The defining film genre in West Germany of the s was arguably the Heimatfilm "homeland film" ; these films depicted the beauty of the land and the moral integrity of the people living in it.
Various Germans won an "Oscar" award for their performances in other films. The Berlin International Film Festival , known as "Berlinale", awarding the " Golden Bear " and held annually since , is one of the world's leading film festivals. German cuisine varies from region to region and often neighbouring regions share some culinary similarities e. International varieties such as pizza , sushi , Chinese food , Greek food , Indian cuisine and doner kebab are also popular.
German cheeses account for about a third of all cheese produced in Europe. Germans produce their ubiquitous sausages in almost 1, varieties, including Bratwursts and Weisswursts. Although wine is becoming more popular in many parts of Germany, especially close to German wine regions ,  the national alcoholic drink is beer. The Michelin Guide awarded eleven restaurants in Germany three stars , the highest designation, while 38 more received two stars and one star.
Twenty-seven million Germans are members of a sports club and an additional twelve million pursue sports individually. With more than 6. Other popular spectator sports include winter sports , boxing , basketball , handball , volleyball , ice hockey , tennis , horse riding and golf. Water sports like sailing , rowing , and swimming are popular in Germany as well.
Germany is one of the leading motor sports countries in the world. Constructors like BMW and Mercedes are prominent manufacturers in motor sport. Porsche has won the 24 Hours of Le Mans race 19 times, and Audi 13 times as of [update]. The driver Michael Schumacher has set many motor sport records during his career, having won seven Formula One World Drivers' Championships , more than any other. He is one of the highest paid sportsmen in history. Historically, German athletes have been successful contenders in the Olympic Games , ranking third in an all-time Olympic Games medal count when combining East and West German medals.
Germany was the last country to host both the summer and winter games in the same year, in the Berlin Summer Games and the Winter Games in Garmisch-Partenkirchen. German designers became early leaders of modern product design , with the Bauhaus designers like Mies van der Rohe , and Dieter Rams of Braun being essential pioneers. Germany is a leading country in the fashion industry. Almost 44 per cent of the products are exported. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Germany disambiguation and Deutschland disambiguation.
For the country from to , see West Germany. Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. Coat of arms. Show globe. Show map of Europe. Website deutschland. Further information: Names of Germany. Main article: History of Germany. Main articles: Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany.
Main article: History of Germany — Main articles: German reunification and History of Germany since Main article: Geography of Germany. See also: List of cities and towns in Germany and List of cities in Germany by population. Largest cities or towns in Germany Statistical offices in Germany 31 December Main article: States of Germany. Lower Saxony. Mecklenburg- Vorpommern. Saxony- Anhalt. Main article: Foreign relations of Germany. Main article: Bundeswehr. Play media. Main article: Economy of Germany. Main articles: Transport in Germany and Rail transport in Germany.
Main article: Science and technology in Germany. See also: List of German inventors and discoverers and List of German inventions and discoveries. Main article: Tourism in Germany. Main articles: Demographics of Germany and Germans. Main article: Immigration to Germany. Main article: Religion in Germany. Baroque Dresden Frauenkirche Evangelical. Gothic Cologne Cathedral Roman Catholic. Main articles: German language and Languages of Germany. Main article: Education in Germany.
Main article: Healthcare in Germany. Main article: Culture of Germany. Main article: Music of Germany. Main article: German art. Friedrich , Wanderer above the Sea of Fog Franz Marc , Roe Deer in the Forest Main article: Architecture of Germany. Main articles: German literature and German philosophy. Main article: Media of Germany. Main article: Cinema of Germany.
Know what you eat! Brand New for ! Menus(e)!, a foreign menu that you can USE! ThisGerman menu translator alphabetically lists s of food items and. Gratis eBok Menus(e): Germany BNN9OE in Norwegian CHM. -. Know what you eat! Brand New for ! Menus(e)!, a foreign menu that you can USE!.
Main article: German cuisine. Main article: Sport in Germany. Main article: German fashion. Germany portal. Since , the third verse alone has been the national anthem. There were also unions in other smaller German states happening independent of each other. The tax rate is eight percent of income tax and certain other taxes in Bavaria and nine percent in other states; in most cases the tax is collected by the state and in other cases data on church members' income is shared. Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 8 March Statistisches Bundesamt Destatis , Retrieved 8 June Retrieved 29 October Archived from the original on 25 June Retrieved 28 September Evangelical Church of Germany.
International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 7 March United Nations Development Programme. Archived PDF from the original on 22 March Retrieved 14 September Zippelius, Reinhold . The Lost German East. Archived from the original on 1 December Germany: A New History. Harvard University Press. Archived from the original on 11 September Archived from the original on 16 September P 27 August Bibcode : PNAS..
Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 27 August Thieme Hrsg. There are eight javelins ". Retrieved 1 March BBC News. Archived from the original on 3 September Retrieved 25 May The Art Newspaper. Archived from the original on 15 February Retrieved 31 January Archived from the original on 4 January Retrieved 14 May Unesco memory of the World.
Archived from the original on 11 October Medieval Experience: — New York University Press. A Concise History of Germany.
Cambridge University Press. Historical Dictionary of Austria. Volume 70 2nd ed. Scarecrow Press. Archived from the original on 16 May "When the Romans began to appear in the region, shortly before the beginning of the Christian era, they turned Noricum into an administrative province, which encompassed much of what today is Austria. The Journal of the Anthropological Society of Bombay. In Bowman, Alan K. Volume 10 2nd ed. Archived from the original on 23 December The crisis of empire, A.
The Cambridge Ancient History. See: Wolfram, Herwig The Roman Empire and its Germanic Peoples. California University Press. Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI. The Great Famine — and the Black Death — University of Kansas. Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 19 March The printing press as an agent of change. Cambridge University Press, pp. World Politics. Indiana University Press. January Department of State. Retrieved 26 March Sterling Publishing. The Kaiser's Holocaust.
Faber and Faber. The Guardian. The Guardian News and Media Limited. Archived from the original on 3 June Retrieved 11 June Spiegel Online.
Archived from the original on 8 October Retrieved 25 March Versailles: A Reassessment after 75 Years. Publications of the German Historical Institute. In Boemeke, Manfred F. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 4 July Germany since A Nation Forged and Renewed.
The Holocaust Chronicle. Archived from the original on 10 May Deutsches Historisches Museum. Archived from the original on 30 April The Third Reich in Power. New York: Penguin. Archived from the original on 11 February Retrieved 8 February Infobase Publishing. Kulturstiftung der dt. Cambridge University Press, , p. BBC History. Archived from the original on 16 March The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust.
Columbia University Press. Materski and Szarota. Europe-Asia Studies 46 4 : — Beyer; Stephen A. Forced Labour under Third Reich. Nathan Associates. The End; Germany — Allen Lane. Capital dilemma: Germany's search for a new architecture of democracy. Princeton Architectural Press.
In Crafts, Nicholas; Toniolo, Gianni eds. Economic Growth in Europe Since Informationen zur Politischen Bildung. Archived from the original on 19 November Retrieved 30 October The New York Times. Archived from the original on 4 October Archived from the original on 26 February CNN Interactive. Archived from the original on 6 February Retrieved 18 February Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 15 May Bundesministerium der Justiz.
Archived PDF from the original on 14 July Retrieved 22 June Focus in German. Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 27 March Council of the European Union. Archived from the original PDF on 20 May Retrieved 14 June After signature by all 27 Heads of State and governments, the Treaty will travel back to Brussels, where it will be officially sealed with the seals of the 27 Member States, on the 18th of December.
Then, it will be sent to Rome, the Italian government being the depository of the Treaties. International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 7 May Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Archived PDF from the original on 3 April Retrieved 21 February France Archived from the original on 13 May