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Show More. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. British Social Realism 1. British Social Realism 2. Social Realism Social realism is a genre of film that focuses on topical issues alive in a modern society which is represented by different ideologies. Themes such as money, drugs, prostitution and sex are quite usual in modern contemporary social realism films as well as class, religion and political views.
These themes are very popular today but not all were involved in the early social realism storylines and films. The age is also important to the forms and conventions The forms and conventions for social of social realism. Most films use young teenagers and realism. The main forms and conventions young adults from 13 — The locations of a social realism film are usually set around a council estate or run down areas of different cities, but can be nice neighbourhood.
Usually a social realism film deals with issues like drugs, sex, poverty, prostitution, homosexuality, alcoholism and crime. Social realism films usually involve political views and religious views. All these actors shown in the pictures are unknown actors and actresses. Social realisms target audience varies depending on the films forms and conventions, because social realism films use young main characters.
This appeals to a young audience. So social realism has a very broad audience in a sense that it appeals to the young and the old. Social Realism Timeline Passport to Pimlico d. Henry Cornelius, The inhabitants of a London street discover buried treasure and documents proving they are really citizens of Target for Tonight , directed Burgundy. The branch line is threatened with closure, war working class and an early lives of an ordinary lower a group of villagers band together to illustration of Humphrey Jennings' middle-class London family run it themselves, in the face of genius.
High Hopes , directed Thunderbolt , directed by Mike Leigh. Factory worker and lad- British film film directed by Andrea Arnold. She becomes pregnant of Warnley to work for the Leigh. The film is has trouble at school and problems and he starts to go out with a younger woman, council. He pursues the about an adopted with friends.
Her mother brings Doreen. Eventually he decides to settle down daughter of the local black woman finding back a new man into the house with Doreen, but insists he will never conform. He finds he has to choose died. History of Social Realism Britain's contribution to cinema in the s lay in a state-sponsored documentary tradition that would feed into the s mainstream. Balcon, in New Wave.
One of the strongest images of post-war British cinema is that of factory worker Arthur his position as head of Ealing Studios, Seaton downing a pint in one at the end of another week in Saturday Night and Sunday Morning Related to, though independent of, the commercial mainstream, the New Wave was fed by would become a key figure in the the 'Angry Young Men' of s theatre, the verisimilitude of Italian Neo-realism and the youth emergence of a national cinema appeal of the French New Wave.
Amid the smokestacks and terraces of regional life, Room at the characterised by stoicism and Top , The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner , and A Kind of Loving verisimilitude. James returns home to his family who are desperate to be re-housed into a newly built house in an attempt to escape the poverty-stricken housing estate.
As the film progresses James is seen exploring the spaces inside and outside of his home including the canal which shows us his relationship with his family. Through a window, James peers at his sister Ellen mysteriously catching a bus from time and time, and with curiously getting the better of him, embarks on that same bus journey himself.
Reaching the end of the line he meanders across fields, discovers a partially built show home and treats it as a utopian, idyllic place away from the estate. The very last shot is a close up of James smiling. The setting is firmly rooted in a specific moment in national history; the garbage strikes in Glasgow in Ratcatcher is right in line with the social problem as identified by Hill The garbage strike itself is barely referenced in the entire narrative. Ratcatcher does not profess to be social documentation of the garbage strike; it is not pressed into the public service and as such does not appear to offer social commentary on the garbage strike.
It does exist as part of the setting but it is certainly not the over arching theme of the film. The spare intensity of Ratcatcher, however, makes manifest that it is less concerned with the material than the existential or spiritual. Such art-cinema techniques seem to stand against dominant conception of realism in British cinema.
Figuratively speaking of course James could be said to resemble Arthur who has let the bastards grind him down. Ramsay uses children as her protagonists is for their fleetness of expression; they move from one state to another very quickly. An emphasis on the image over the narrative had resulted in much of the critical writing of the films focusing on decoding the formal aesthetic dimensions of both films. Ratcatcher has often been criticized for failing to address the garbage strike or housing issues in any depth and denying social commentary. In a more critical context, Annette Kuhn compares Ramsay to Maya Deren, an American avant-garde filmmaker whose work includes Meshes Of The Afternoon in which Deren utilized a style uses space to express the point of view of the protagonist.
Deren understands narrative as comprising of two things. Kuhn, , p. Aitken, , p. Ramsay herself is using the cinematic medium, and by extension the social realist setting, in order to show the brutality and the reality of childhood in a no holds barred representational discourse. Ramsay in Aitken, p. The reality of place as it is experienced by James has to be mediated firstly from his point of view.
A good example of this is the canal. The canal is personified from the outset as a predator and the children are its prey and the cinematography of the exposition scene reflects this. The second subject-less point of view show from the window literally frames the site where death will occur. The contrast between the meditative, lingering and long drawn out long shot from the window to the quick-editing pattern of a hand-held camera that circles the two children as they fight seems sinister.
These two characters are very much trapped here. Finally, James runs away the accelerated pace of the editing and the camera movement slows down, the use of a handheld camera is displaced in favour a static framing using a long lateral tracking shot. The slow motion is more marked as James, caught in close up, looks on dumbfounded, shocked and bemused what has just happened.
This writer explores the Social Realist film in America. to divide the unpopular kids from the popular kids rather than as a realist depiction of. extent be located within the various traditions of social realism in British cinema . studies of marginalised children and young people in films like Ratcatcher.
The essential narrative information would still be there and the story could progress, but this would not capture reality as it was really lived and experienced by James. Hence, the poetic transformation the emotional response stylized in slow motion of the place here has served to authenticate the fiction, to make the events that unfolded in the canal refer to wider issues of grief, loss and death, somewhat of a paradox.
From this moment in the story, Kuhn claims that as a result of the death of Ryan, the canal becomes dislocated from its surrounding locations through no exploration of any possible intermediate places. It is also the site where Kenny nearly falls victim to drowning, like Ryan Quinn before he is rescued by George.
The canal appears to viewers as it is experienced by James, a place of danger yet curiosity. The expository shot of the canal is a subjective point of view shot, and so the first image we have of the canal, is through a window as it is mediated through the private world in both senses of Ryan Quinn. Interestingly, the only point of view shot that is explicitly referenced to belong to one character is the only character that dies in the canal.
Thus the real places are pressed into the service of inner psychical reality; the canal from the outset serves as a symbol of death and loss. Poetic transformations of space and place occur throughout the narrative. The transition between urban and rural signifies a change in tone. Within the council estate all James sees are bag after bag of rubbish as well as Margaret Anne lifelessly wandering the streets. The transformative nature of the atmosphere and tone is extraordinary as the bus begins to drive through the country.
James is stood up in awe and wonder at the effervescent green and yellow colours within a pastoral backdrop that illuminates the entirety of the interior space of the bus.
The music itself, diegetic or non-diegetic, is place-bound and seems unable to offer artistic redemption or escapism from the urban squalor when it plays in any space within the walls of the estate. On a meta-narrative level, it is perhaps significant that Nick Drake was, like James, an introspective individual famously recorded as being unsettlingly silent, unresponsive and passive who also committed suicide.
This is made all the more likely by the fact that his fater has grossly failed the housing inspection. Thus both the houses as sites of social significance of Glaswegian housing is displaced in favour of a artistic cinematic re-organisation of the place-characters are they centre around the psychology of James, and by extension the landscape of childhood.
Brown, in Muprhy, p. Vache, in Hockenhall, p. Taylor, p. His work loosely resembles social realism, but only in its consistent use of the working environment as a setting. Davies deploys heavily stylized and highly experimental aesthetic devices more typical of European Art Cinema than social realism. Croce continues to describe how The Long Day Closes posits its pubescent protagonist as a tiny camera absorbing and transforming the reality all around him. Another example is when his family sits down for dinner on Christmas Day and eat together. Bud leaves the lounge but before ascending the staircase turns around to look at the front door, but the door is transformed into the fictional front door from that same film where the couple is bidding each other farewell.
Interestingly the music volume increases as opposed to decreasing as Bud walked out of the living room. In a sense, Bud is seen to participate in the fictional narrative events of the film within a film because it acts as a catharsis for him, escape the drudgery of his day to day battle between boredom and struggle.
Davies will include everything, no matter how trivial, inconsequential or implausibly fantastic if that is how he remembers his childhood experiences. It is these deeply private emotional states of being that can only be articulated within cinema that is not bound by the fixed architecture of physical reality and can represent the lived experiences of place. The film, much like Distant Voices, Still Lives Terrence Davies, , makes visible radio broadcasts relaying information about contemporary events, specific streets and pubs. However, as does Children Davies, , the film focuses on specific people and places in order to evoke more universal and collective memories of childhood, the signifiers of the past are intended to re-evoke a remembered past that we all share.
Powrie cited in Ashby and Higson, p. The is why the film is so often described in terms of poetry, because Davies uses the cinematic canvas to exteriorize the protagonists subjective states of being. The closing sequence of the film is perhaps the most poetic sequence in the entire film, it demands to be read in purely poetic terms, heavily invested with symbolism. The avant-garde treatment of the working class setting forces spectators to locate their own past by displacing the present and re-evoking the emotional states of their personal childhood past.
Meadows has produced work that strives to represents his experience of Nottingham where he grew up and he has deliberately used places in and around Nottingham as setting in films such as Money Ronnie , SmallTime Meadows favours medium-distance long takes rather than the tight close-ups and quick cuts [which were] preferred by most directors of his generation.
Meadows cited in Fitzgerald, p. By placing an eleven year old pre-pubescent boy as the protagonist it adds poignancy, sentimentality and encourages an emotional perception of the racism, violence, the community and destruction of a gang of friends that are dominant themes in the films. Fitzgerald, , p. Fitzgerlad p.
Meadows settled with Warp Films. Warp Records and Warp Films is part of a production company that signs, records and promotes groundbreaking experimental art. These are all artists far removed from any readily identifiable commitment to social realism as they are artists than experiment with form, structure and style in a heavily self- reflexive and artistic manner. Fitzgerald, p.
This Is England , Meadows is a film that explores issues of working-class communities, masculinity and racism in England, That is, until a racist xenophobic ex-prisoner called Combo returns to the area and assumes dominance as leader of the gang. In a pivotal scene Combo intrudes upon a social gathering where Milky, the only black member of the group invites him round for a meal at his home, after Combo has just delivered a racist lecture about his ancestors who starved.
Shaun throws the English Flag into the sea and the film ends on a close up of Shaun looking directly into the camera. The arrival of Woody and later Combo symbolically fills this void only to be shattered after the racist xenophobic. Emotionally this rekindles a pseudo-symbolic father-son relationship for Shaun only to tear this apart by a brutal realization of the way things are.
The montage that begins after Shaun has been fully outfitted with the chequered shirt and skinhead outfit. When the gang is divided by Combo is becomes more poignant, the racism has a personal affect on audiences. Forrest, p. Ramsay, in Fitzgerald, p. Unlike, the work of Loach whom Hill , p. McKnight ed. Oxbridge Film Essays [Online]. MPhil Thesis. Related Papers. By Pippa Selby. By Dr Clive James Nwonka. By David Buckingham.