However, gassy foods have no more potential to affect your baby than other foods. Eating certain foods may cause gas in mom due to the normal breakdown of some of the undigested carbohydrates sugar, starches, soluble fiber by bacteria in the large intestine see Gas in the digestive tract. See also My baby is gassy. Acidic foods like citrus, tomatoes, etc. However, the kinds of fats in the milk can be changed to a certain extent via diet. Is my exclusively breastfed baby gaining too much weight? See below for more information. See Breastfeeding and Caffeine. Per Hale, it is poorly absorbed from the GI tract and is excreted unchanged in the urine.
Hale listed sucralose in Lactation Risk Category L2 safer. Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol found naturally in some fruits and vegetables and is used as a sweetener in foods and medications. Moderate intake should not be a problem for nursing mothers. Hale classified it in Lactation Risk Category L3 probably safe. Stevia is a very sweet herb that is used by many as a zero-calorie sugar substitute. He classifies stevia in Lactation Risk Category L3 probably safe. Safety of sucralose from the Splenda website. Artificial sweeteners by William Sears, MD general info, not breastfeeding related.
Artificial sweetener info from Dr. Jay Gordon general info, not breastfeeding related. Butchko HH, et al. Aspartame: review of safety. Regul Toxicol Pharmacol. Spiers PA, et al. Aspartame: neuropsychologic and neurophysiologic evaluation of acute and chronic effects. Am J Clin Nutr. Honey is not a problem for mom to eat. The gut flora of adults and children over a year old are able to fend off the botulism spores that may be present in honey, and render them harmless.
Since the spores would be killed in your gastrointestinal tract, they would not make it into your bloodstream and therefore cannot be present in your milk. As a result, honey is not recommended for babies under a year old. Botulism spores are very heat resistant — the toxin is less resistant. Association between honey consumption and infant botulism. Pharmacotherapy Nov;22 11 Infant botulism from FamilyPracticeNotebook. Human milk normally contains free glutamates avg. Breastmilk levels are only modestly affected by moms ingestion of MSG. Monosodium Glutamate: A Safety Assessment.
Technical Report Series No. Monosodium glutamate: effect of plasma and breast milk amino acid levels in lactating women. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. Committee on Drugs, American Academy of Pediatrics. Policy Statement. Food and Drug Administration, January-February Others recommend that the FDA list of unsafe fish be expanded. What about tuna? Per the FDA, you can safely include tuna as part of your weekly fish consumption.
The varieties of fish that the FDA does suggest we avoid contain methylmercury in amounts ranging from 0. Women's health. View online Download PDF. Order free copies:. Food information for breastfeeding women. Includes nutrition, healthy food for mother and baby, dietary variety, drinking plenty of fluids, foods low in fat, salt and sugar, healthy weight, losing weight gained during pregnancy, daily activity or exercise, taking time out, alcohol, and being smokefree. Breastfeeding gets easier with practice.
Start breastfeeding your baby soon after birth. When you start to breastfeed, make sure that your baby drinks the colostrum — this is the first fluid that flows from the breast. Colostrum is very good for the baby. Be patient while you learn. Ask for help if you have a question or need some support. Ask your LMC to arrange for you to see a dietitian if you: find that certain foods that you eat are affecting your baby have a medical condition that affects your eating, such as diabetes eat very little or have a history of eating problems are vegetarian or vegan are 18 years old or younger.
Food for a Healthy Breastfeeding Mother and Baby Eat a variety of healthy foods every day from each of the four main food groups below: vegetables and fruit breads and cereals wholegrain is best milk and milk products reduced- or low-fat milk is best lean meat, chicken, seafood, eggs, legumes, nuts and seeds. Limit your intake of foods that are high in fat especially saturated fat , salt and sugar see Choose and Prepare Foods Low in Fat, Salt and Sugar. Take care when buying, preparing, cooking and storing food so that the food is as safe as possible to eat.
Drink plenty of fluids each day, especially water and reduced- or low-fat milk.
Drinking alcohol is not recommended for mothers who are breastfeeding. Keep a healthy weight by eating well and being physically active each day unless advised not to be physically active. Eat a Variety of Healthy Foods Choose a variety of healthy foods from the following four food groups each day. Vegetables and Fruit Vegetables and fruit provide carbohydrates sugar and starch , fibre, vitamins and minerals and are low in fat.
Eat plenty of vegetables and fruit. Enjoy fresh, well-washed vegetables and fruit or frozen or canned varieties. Steaming or microwaving vegetables is best. Go easy on butter or margarine.
Include vegetables and fruit in a variety of colours. Limit juice and dried fruit intake because these foods have a high sugar content. Breads and Cereals These provide carbohydrates sugar and starch , fibre, and nutrients such as B vitamins and minerals. Eat plenty of breads and cereals, including rice, pasta, breakfast cereals and other grain products. Choose wholegrain varieties because they provide extra nutrients and fibre. They also help prevent constipation. Choose at least seven servings of breads and cereals each day.
Milk and Milk Products Women who are breastfeeding need milk and milk products as sources of protein, vitamins and minerals, especially calcium and iodine. Choose reduced- or low-fat milk, yoghurt and cheese. Milk and milk products provide New Zealanders with most of their calcium. If you do not eat these foods or eat very little of them, ask your LMC or Well Child nurse about other calcium sources. Calcium is also found, in lower amounts, in foods such as wholegrain bread, broccoli, canned salmon, canned sardines, spinach, baked beans and tofu.
If you are drinking soy milk, choose one that is calcium-fortified check the label. If you follow a vegan diet, check that your soy milk has vitamin B12 in it. Serving size examples 1 large glass milk g 1 pottle yoghurt g 2 slices cheese 40 g 1 large glass calcium-fortified soy milk ml 4. Choose lean meats, chicken and seafood. Iron is important for healthy blood. Eggs, cooked dried beans, peas and lentils, and nuts and seeds also contain iron, but the iron is not as easily absorbed.
Include foods rich in vitamin C with your meals to help absorb iron. Fresh vegetables and fruit, especially taro leaves cooked , broccoli, tomatoes, oranges, kiwifruit, mangoes and pineapple, are rich sources of vitamin C. This is especially important for vegetarian and vegan women, who may find it hard to get enough iron. Seafood and eggs are also useful sources of iodine see the Iodine and Iodine Deficiency section. Choose at least two servings from this group each day.
Water or reduced- or low-fat milk are the best choices. Be cautious about drinking herbal teas. Choose and Prepare Foods Low in Fat, Salt and Sugar The best way to meet your extra needs is to choose foods from the four food groups. To cut down on your intake of fat especially saturated fat , salt and sugar: choose polyunsaturated or monounsaturated margarine or lower fat table spreads fortified with vitamin D rather than butter or dripping, and spread thinly choose foods rich in polyunsaturated fat and omega-3, including green leafy vegetables, nuts and seeds, oily fish canned tuna, sardines, salmon, mackerel; fresh warehou, eel and oils soybean, canola, flaxseed and walnut oils choose lean meats; trim off any fat, remove skin from chicken before or after cooking, skim fat off stews or off the top of boil-ups and eat more grilled, boiled or steamed fish reduce intake of sausages or processed meats, which can be high in fat; if eating these foods, grill rather than fry them when cooking, choose to grill, steam, microwave, boil or bake foods, without adding fat eat meals without adding extra salt choose foods with no added sugar.
Aim for a Healthy Weight Breastfeeding can help you lose some of the weight you gained during pregnancy. Dieting is not recommended. Choose foods from the four food groups for your extra energy needs. Eat regularly, starting the day with breakfast. Include snacks from the four food groups. Serve with cottage cheese or peanut butter. Go easy on the salt. Being Active Being physically active will help you keep a healthy weight and maintain muscle tone.
Unless advised otherwise, aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity everyday. This could include brisk walking, swimming, or any activity that is comfortable for you and leaves you with enough breath to hold a conversation. Your LMC or physiotherapist can show you exercises that help re-strengthen your stomach, back and pelvic floor muscles. Take Time Out for Yourself It is important to get the rest you need and to eat well. Most new mothers feel tired for the first few months and benefit from the support of others.
Try resting while your baby sleeps during the day. Rest when your body tells you it is tired.
Ask friends, family or your local community or church group for support. If you need to leave your baby, you can express milk so that others can feed the baby. Take time out for yourself. Going for a walk provides exercise, fresh air and a time to relax.
Iodine and Iodine Deficiency Iodine is an essential nutrient required in small amounts to support normal growth and development including normal brain development. In addition: Take one 0. The recommended registered tablet can be purchased at pharmacies, with the cost reduced when prescribed by your LMC.
Vitamin D Vitamin D is needed for strong bones and joints as well as healthy muscle and nerve activity. Some sun exposure is recommended so that your body can make vitamin D. Supplements Choosing a variety of foods from the four food groups is very important, especially during the time that you are breastfeeding. Using vitamin and mineral supplements will not give you extra energy. Allergies Some substances from food may pass into breast milk, but it is not clear whether these cause allergies in the baby.
Colic Inconsolable crying in an otherwise healthy baby can be a sign of colic. Alcohol Alcohol is not recommended. Smoking Be smokefree and keep your baby smokefree. Smoking can reduce the amount of milk you make.