From Easter to Pentecost, we will all be taking this to the churches for civil discourse, discernment, and action. Use this declaration as a signal that church leaders have broken the silence by speaking with one voice in unison to address the national moral, political, and even constitutional crisis we now face.
And this will be the message of Pentecost when, like the early Christians, we will take our faith to the streets — more to come on that! Jim Wallis is president of Sojourners. Follow Jim on Twitter JimWallis. Skip to main content.
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It teaches that the Bible is the final authority for moral, spiritual, and for some, civil matters. As Luther said, "The true rule is this: God's Word shall establish articles of faith, and no one else, not even an angel can do so. Evangelicals view the Bible as a genuinely human product, but one superintended by the Holy Spirit , preserving the authors' works from error without eliminating their specific concerns, situation, or style. This divine involvement, they say, allowed the biblical writers to communicate without corrupting God's own message both to the immediate recipients of the writings and to those who would come after.
Some Evangelicals have labelled the conservative or traditional view as "verbal, plenary inspiration of the original manuscripts", by which they mean that each word not just the overarching ideas or concepts was meaningfully chosen under the superintendence of God.
Evangelicals acknowledge the existence of textual variations between biblical accounts of apparently identical events and speeches. They see these as complementary, not contradictory, and explain them as the differing viewpoints of different authors. Evangelical apologists such as John W. Haley in his book "Alleged Discrepancies in the Bible"  and Norman Geisler in "When Critics Ask"  have proposed answers to hundreds of claimed contradictions.
Some discrepancies are accounted for by changes from the autographa the original manuscripts that have been introduced in the copying process, either deliberately or accidentally. Three basic approaches to inspiration are often described [ by whom?
At times, the verbal plenary inspiration theory has been criticized as tending toward a dictation theory of inspiration,  where God speaks and a human records his words. Dodd wrote:. The theory which is commonly described as that of "verbal inspiration" is fairly precise.
The Evangelical Alliance Basis of Faith asserts that the Bible is the written word of God, and divinely inspired. God intended these books to be. Within historical and modern evangelical orthodox Christian contexts it is all but assumed that when reference is made to "the Word of God" it is Holy Scripture.
It maintains that the entire corpus of Scripture consists of writings every word of which presumably in the original autographs, forever inaccessible to us was directly "dictated" by the Deity They consequently convey absolute truth with no trace of error or relativity No attempt will be made here to formulate an alternative definition of inspiration That I believe to be a false method. There is indeed no question about the original implications of the term: for primitive religious thought the "inspired" person was under the control of a supernatural influence which inhibited the use of his normal faculties.
In the New American Commentary by T. Lea and H. Griffen, it was written, "[n]o respected Evangelicals maintain that God dictated the words of Scripture. The Evangelical position has been criticized as being circular by non-Christians and as well as Christians such as Catholic and Orthodox authors, who accept the doctrine of biblical inspiration but reject the Protestant arguments in favor of it.
These critics claim that the Bible can only be used to prove doctrines of biblical inspiration if the doctrine is assumed to begin with. Warfield and Charles Hodge , however, moved away from such circular arguments and "committed themselves to the legitimacy of external verification" to inductively prove the doctrine, though they placed some restrictions on the evidences that could be considered.
The typical view within Liberal Christianity and Progressive Christianity rejects the idea that the Bible is divinely inspired in a unique way. Some advocates of higher criticism who espouse this view even go so far as to regard the Bible as purely a product of human invention. However, most form critics , such as Rudolf Bultmann and Walter Brueggemann , still regard the Bible as a sacred text , just not a text that communicates the unaltered word of God.
The Neo-orthodox doctrine of inspiration views the Bible as "the words of God" but not "the Word of God".
It is only when one reads the text that it becomes the word of God to the reader. This view is a reaction to the Modernist doctrine, which, Neo-orthodox proponents argue, eroded the value and significance of the Christian faith, and simultaneously a rejection of the idea of textual inerrancy. Karl Barth and Emil Brunner were primary advocates of this approach.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The doctrine that the human authors and editors of Bible were led or influenced by God. Canons and books. Tanakh Torah Nevi'im Ketuvim. Christian biblical canons. Deuterocanon Antilegomena. Authorship and development. Authorship Dating Hebrew canon. Pauline epistles Petrine epistles. Translations and manuscripts. Biblical studies.
Hermeneutics Pesher Midrash Pardes. Allegorical interpretation Literalism.
Gnostic Islamic Qur'anic. Inerrancy Infallibility. This section needs additional citations for verification.
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Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Bible portal. The Greek New Testament 4th ed. New York: Oxford University. The Authority of the Bible.
London: Collins. Wallace Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan. Many scholars feel that the translation should be: 'Every inspired scripture is also profitable. July 8, Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Baker Reference Library 2 ed. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Academic. Retrieved The spirit of the Renaissance, developments in philology and textual criticism, the emergence of ideas of the partial inspiration of the Bible in some quarters, and the initial expression of philosophical views that would find their culmination in the Enlightenment - all helped to stimulate theological reflection.