Sylvia Porter: Americas Original Personal Finance Columnist (New York State Series)

New York State Series
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Until the late s, Adler had been viewed as Ochs' successor, but Sulzberger's natural abilities soon overshadowed him. In stepping into this new role, he made it clear that he saw himself as a steward who was to preserve the quality and status of The Times. He wanted to continue Ochs' vision for the paper, "to give the news impartially, without fear or favor, regardless of party, sect or interest involved.

For the first year he made no changes out of respect for Ochs. After that he began to institute the many innovations that reinvented the image of xxThe Timesxx. He introduced more and larger photographs and allowed more leeway with the format of the front page, headlines, and body of the paper.

He introduced new technologies to improve all aspects of production, including the Times Facsimile, the transmission of photographs over telephone wires, allowing for the more and larger photographs in the paper. In , he officially hired Anne O'Hare McCormick she had been a freelancer and regular contributor since but Ochs did not approve of women working on xxThe Timesxx and Ruby Hart Phillips in He instituted a daily luncheon that all members of the managerial staff were expected to attend.

Presidents, foreign leaders, industrialists, and many other dignitaries were invited to these luncheons where conversation was off the record. Because leaders were able to speak freely it allowed Sulzberger and his associates to gain greater insight into world events and to cultivate relationships with these people.

Perhaps the greatest change instituted by Sulzberger was on the editorial page. Throughout his time at xxThe Timesxx, Ochs maintained that it was not the role of a newspaper to advance opinions.

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However, Sulzberger felt that the neutral presentation of the news would in no way be compromised by a strong editorial page; it was moreover the duty of a great newspaper to present educated arguments. He did not impose his own beliefs on the editorial staff, but instead allowed them to debate their side of an issue with him when he disagreed.

The person who presented the best argument in these cases won the right to decide whether a column would be printed. On occasion Sulzberger had difficulty having some of his own editorials printed. Once he became comfortable in his stewardship, Sulzberger became involved in a number of organizations outside of xxThe Timesxx. He was elected a director of the Associated Press in , was a trustee of Columbia University from to , and was very active in the Red Cross and was elected to a number of positions.

He was granted a number of honorary degrees and other awards from institutions across the country and the world. Sulzberger retired as publisher in and his son-in-law, Orvil E. Dryfoos took his place. Sulzberger served as the chairman of the board from until his death in During this time he relinquished a number of duties to Dryfoos and his successor, Sulzberger's son, Arthur Ochs Punch Sulzberger, but maintained a measure of control over the paper. He continued to read the paper or have it read to him every day.

He continued to praise and criticize stories, columns, and decisions. Marian was a member of the board of directors of The New York Times Company for 14 years, Ruth was the publisher of The Chattanooga Times and was the director of The New York Times Company for 30 years, Judith received her medical degree from Columbia University, worked as a doctor, and served on the board of many institutions, and Arthur was publisher of The New York Times between and Sulzberger died in after a long illness. Upon his death, a number of tributes were printed in The Times written by friends, colleagues, and world leaders.

Catledge, Turner, Lillian K. Lang, and Arthur Hays Sulzberger. Times Talk 21, no. Sulzberger, Arthur Hays. New York: Newcomen Society of America, One part wisdom, one part wit, one part humanity, Arthur Hays Sulzberger, , publisher of the New York times, , Chairman of the Board, The Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers document Sulzberger's life and career at xxThe New York Timesxx, with the majority of the collection relating to Sulzberger's 26 years as president and publisher of the paper.

The bulk of the collection documents Sulzberger's career as publisher of xxThe Timesxx between and , with additional material dating from his early years at the paper as assistant to the general manager and his final involvement with the paper from his retirement in until his death in He involved himself in every aspect of the paper from editorials down to the placement of advertisements.

He corresponded with a great number of people about stories in the paper, events at the paper and in the world at large, and about personal matters. He read the entire paper every day, sending notes to editors and reporters with criticism, praise, and questions. He answered letters from readers, acknowledging or forwarding letters of praise on to the appropriate person, defending stands taken by the paper or the editorial page, and explaining his own beliefs and attitudes and how they affected the paper.

While this collection documents Sulzberger's career at xxThe Timesxx, there is material that falls outside of that timeframe, as well as material that dates before and after his life. See series notes for more information. The papers are divided into two series, People and Subjects, according to a system established at xxThe Timesxx. The People series contains mainly personal correspondence between Sulzberger and friends, family, and others, as well as some business correspondence that could not be categorized in the Subject series.

The Subject series contains material relating to xxThe Timesxx, businesses and other organizations, general topics, and some personal material that could be described in topical terms. The New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers are arranged in two series:. This series contains correspondence, memoranda, photographs, scrapbooks, and other material chiefly of a personal nature relating to Sulzberger and material covering a wide range of topics that could not be easily filed in the Subject series by the Archives of xxThe New York Timesxx.

The files are arranged alphabetically by personal name and contain correspondence with and about that person. When applicable, cross-references are provided to relevant files in this series and in the Subject series. Some material relating to personal events in Sulzberger's life may be found in the Subject series under applicable topics.

Material that dates before pertains mainly to Sulzberger's parents and includes correspondence, a notebook containing reminiscences of Rachel Hays Sulzberger, and material relating to Cyrus L. Sulzberger's political aspirations. Material that dates after includes correspondence regarding Sulzberger's life and achievements, written to and by his wife, children, and staff members of xxThe Timesxx; articles written about him; and articles, clippings, and other material regarding people other than Sulzberger in the collection.

This series contains mostly personal correspondence, but some files contain material regarding the business of xxThe Timesxx. Files on notable persons contain correspondence and memoranda regarding business and reports on meetings between Sulzberger, members of xxThe Times'xx staff, and the subject of the file. Included in these are files on Winston Churchill which contain correspondence between him and Sulzberger regarding world events and Sulzberger's detailed reports on his meetings with Churchill, files on Dwight D.

Eisenhower which contain correspondence between him and Sulzberger regarding events during his term as NATO commander and his Presidency, and files on Franklin D. Roosevelt which contain correspondence between him and Sulzberger regarding events during Roosevelt's Presidency and memoranda regarding Sulzberger's meetings with him and their relationship. Further descriptions of material relating to other well-known and influential figures can be found in the box list. This series also contains correspondence between Sulzberger, his wife, Iphigene, their children, his parents, and other family members.

The correspondence between Sulzberger and his parents includes his letters home from his posts during World War I and his letter announcing his engagement to Iphigene. This series contains correspondence, memoranda, photographs, scrapbooks, maps, blueprints, and other material relating to Sulzberger's career at xxThe Timesxx that the Archives at xxThe Timesxx was able to describe by topical, geographical, or organizational terms. Material on the activities and organization of xxThe New York Timesxx can be found here. This series also contains material relating to Sulzberger's properties and personal events that could be grouped by topic, including his birthdays, wedding anniversaries, anniversaries as publisher, and vacations.

When applicable, cross-references are provided to relevant files in this series and in the People series. Material that dates before includes the original marriage contract of Daniel Levi Peixotto and Rachel M. Seixas, Sulzberger's grandparents, and photographs of other ancestors. Material that dates after includes correspondence regarding Sulzberger's life and achievements, written to and by his wife, children, and staff members of xxThe Timesxx; articles written about him; and articles, clippings, and other material regarding people in the collection. Included in this series are files on advertising with Sulzberger's notes about the quality of the product advertised and the content and placement of the advertisement; expeditions by Richard E.

Byrd and others which were syndicated by The Times; labor relations between the management of xxThe Timesxx and its employees, including material on strikes and changes in the management of xxThe Timesxx; material relating to the staff of xxThe Timesxx, including correspondence with staff members, memoranda regarding performance, milestones, and other topics; and trips taken by Sulzberger on xxTimes'xx business, including trips to Germany after World War II and to Asia in the late s.

Further descriptions of material relating to other significant events, organizations, or topics can be found in the box list. There is no file with the heading "New York Times". Material relating to the paper may be found in the files for such topics as Advertising, Buildings, Circulation, Editorial, Staff, and the foreign offices including Berlin, London, and Paris. She was chosen to organize the files of the then publisher, Arthur Hays Sulzberger. According to the history of the archives written by an archivist at The Times, her assignment was to identify historical or biographical information, discard unnecessary material, and reorganize the files so that they could be used as an active centralized file of past and future material for all members of the Publisher's staff.

Until that time, the publisher's files were arranged chronologically and housed in filing cabinets in or near his office. Over the next two years, Sunshine read through Sulzberger's files, selected and integrated material, and separated it into two categories, material pertaining to Sulzberger named the Biographical File and material pertaining to The Times named the Subject File.

Biographical material was chiefly material of a personal nature relating to Sulzberger, including friendly correspondence and lunch appointments, and material covering a wide range of topics that could not be easily filed in the Subject series. Subject material was mainly anything relating to The Times or material on an easily identified topic that was filed under topical or geographical terms or by organization name. He created the department and requested executives, editors, and writers to contribute their records to the archives when they were no longer needed as working files.

His memorandum requested business files and any additional material pertaining to public activities that would give insight into the range of their contribution. The mission of the archives was to collect, select, organize, preserve and store materials documenting the history and activities of newspaper, of the company as a whole, and of its principal executives, editors and writers. The first ten years of the archives was mainly spent in collecting material and establishing record groups publishers, managing editors, other editors, business executives, major columnists and other writers, and some specific departments or "desks".

The next ten years were spent organizing and describing these record groups according to the scheme established by Lucille Sunshine. Over the years, there was a blurring of these distinctions and personal material was filed in the Subject series. Material relating to anniversaries, birthdays, property, and vacations were grouped together and filed in the Subject series.

The order of the records has been maintained and the inventories created by the archivists of The Times have been edited for content. The one major change made by the staff of the Manuscripts and Archives Division of the New York Public Library is the integration of material in the Book and Map Files into their original record groups.

Bound items such as photograph albums, scrapbooks, ledgers, and bound commemorative volumes were physically separated from their record group and filed with the Book File. Similarly, oversize items such as maps and architectural drawings were filed in the Map File. Cross references for "Photograph file" refer to a file created by The New York Times that is not yet available.

Portions of the following files are closed until per donor agreement:Series I. People: Adler, Julius Ochs, Jr. Series II. Subjects: Sulzberger Family. The following files are closed until per donor agreement: Series II. The following file is closed until per donor agreement: Series II. Subjects: Finances, Personal. Includes correspondence with and about Leo Abt, his daughter and her husband Mr. Eugene Peissak , and Clark Abt.

Adler's investments, personal correspondence with Mrs. Adler, and tributes to JOA. Includes letters and memoranda about Baldwin's news articles and military affairs column in the NYT, his travels, salary and other compensation, his personal relationship with AHS, documents referring to the Maritime Union's protest demonstration over one of Baldwin's articles , and letters referring to his editorializing and exceeding the scope of military affairs in his column These folders contain AHS's correspondence with Byrd about subjects other than his expeditions, including personal matters, Byrd's career in general, his involvement with the peace movement in the mid 's, and with Moral Re-Armament after World War II.

Catledge joined the NYT as a reporter in the Washington Bureau in and in due course became managing editor, executive editor, and a vice president and director of the Company. He was a close associate and confidant of AHS. These folders contain their correspondence about Catledge's career and compensation, his resignation from and return to the NYT, Catledge's memoranda about diverse news assignments, events, and about several of his fact-finding trips, and diverse personal matters.

Includes correspondence about Daniel's assignments in London, Bonn, and Moscow, requests for promotion, his health, and his marriage to Margaret Truman. This folder contains AHS's correspondence with the Daniells about mostly personal matters. Two letters dated by Daniell's first wife, Blanche, one is unsigned but attibuted to her are included. Darnton was a foreign correspondent killed in while covering the war in the Pacific.

The papers in this folder deal with the circumstances of his death whether it was by enemy action or accidental bombing by American aircraft , a memorial plaque, and Mrs. Darnton's employment in the Women's News Department. Also, there is correspondence about a liberty ship named for Darnton, and a collection of books presented to the ship's library by the NYT. This folder contains correspondence about these causes, her work at the NYT, family matters, social events, and documents relating to Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton's death in an airplane accident in Africa.

Includes correspondence about the disposition of Downes' papers and music library , , his political views and acitivities and attacks on him by anti-Communist organizations , and memoranda about his role as consultant to WQXR They are in alphabetical order, by the sender's name. Includes memoranda on three off-the-record interviews with Dulles on international affairs Includes Arthur Krock's report on Eisenhower's dinner and private conference with twelve reporters , correspondence about Eisenhower's gift of one of his paintings to AHS , James Reston's report on a conversation with Sherman Adams about Eisenhower's health and political plans , AHS's reports on his private conferences with Eisenhower , , and memoranda by JOA and Krock on conversations with Eisenhower Includes James Reston's report and other memoranda about her qualifications for a position on the NYT, especially the editorial board.

Includes material concerned with Freeman's work at the NYT as a reporter specializing in crime, welfare, and related social problems and her desire to continue working for the NYT after her marriage. These folders contain AHS's correspondence, mostly about personal and family matters, with Golden and his wife, Ruth Sulzberger Golden. It begins with letters by Ruth about her forthcoming marriage, covers the birthes of their four children, their houses in Chattanooga, their finances, their divorce in , and and a few letters to Golden of later dates.

These folders contain AHS's more personal correspondence with his daughter during the years of her marriage to Golden, including correspondence that appeared not to concern her husband or the Golden family as a whole and correspondence following her divorce. These folders contain their personal correspondence and some exchanges about articles published in the NYT. Eisenhower and Harold Callender's report on his private conversation with Gruenther about his impending retirement. Includes Turner Catledge's letter to Cyrus Sulzberger about offering to transfer Gruson from Mexico to the Washington Bureau , correspondence with Allen Dulles about his suggestion that Gruson be removed from his Central American assignment because of adverse information about his political leanings, prompted by Gruson's reports on the situation in Guatemala, related letters and momoranda, including AHS's file memorandum on the incident , memoranda about Gruson's offer to go to China as correspondent for the NYT at a time when the State Department had barred American citizens from travelling to China , and AHS's note on Gruson's appointment as Foreign News Editor Includes correspondence about plans to mark the bicentennial of Hamilton's birth and letters about the bill to make the Hamilton Grange Hamilton's house in New York City a national memorial.

The papers in these folders concern Hays' household and financial affairs, her health, arrangements for her funeral, and correspondence about her with other family members. Heyman was a German journalist who worked for The New York Times as a reporter from to , and served with the U. Office of War Information in , while on leave from the Times. James was a distinguished war correspondent and foreign correspondent of the NYT and was its managing editor from to his death in This folder contains his correspondence with AHS about personal and miscellaneous business matters and correspondence with his widow, mostly about financial arrangements.

Includes James Reston's report on his confidential conversation with Johnson about China and Czechoslovakia. The papers in this folder deal with his return to the NYT in and the issue of writing for other publications, his winning of a special Lasker citation in , and his death in She married Ely Kahn in , and died in Kahn remarried in Includes correspondence about luncheon invitations, White House dinners, personal matters, and Anthony Lewis' memorandum reviewing Kennedy's attitude on Joseph McCarthy Includes Arthur Krock's private memorandum on his conversation with Kennedy in , in which Kennedy explained his resignation as ambassador to Great Britain and surrounding circumstances.

They had been friends of the Sulzbergers. This folder contains correspondence kealing with AHS's efforts to help Mrs. Kiep and her two daughters ; Mrs. Kiep's correspondence with Mrs. Sulzberger ; and papers about a memorial to Otto Kiep Includes papers concerning the Knopf publishing house could not be segregated from those dealing with Mr.

These folders contain AHS's correspondence with and about Krock, mostly in connection with Krock's career and personal matters, Krock's column, "In the Nation," and readers' comments on diverse columns. These folders contain letters, memoranda, and clippings documenting LaGuardia's often stormy relations with the NYT and other newspapers. The principal issues were his activities connected with World War II and the postwar food shortages, his use of his radio program to disseminate his releases in preference to regular dealings with the press, and diverse problems of New York City.

James, and AHS about Laurence's desire to be a science writer at large, letters and other documents about Laurence's role in the discovery of a plant yielding a cortisone-like substance for the treatment of arthritis and other diseases , and a memorandum on Laurence's appointment as science editor Includes memoranda, clippings, and other documents about Lauren D. Lyman's scoop on Lindbergh's departure for England and copyright infringement by Hearst papers , about Lindbergh's attitude towards Germany and World War II, and Russell Owen's report on interview with Lindbergh Includes James Reston's report on a private conversation with Macmillan on international affairs.

In , Markel left the office of Sunday Editor that he had occupied for over 30 years and moved to the 14th floor as Associate Editor. These two folders contain AHS's correspondence with Markel, mostly about personal and miscellaneous editorial and business matters. Included are some of Markel's statements of his journalistic principles and philosophy , , These folders contain correspondence with and about Herbert Matthews about his career at the NYT, specific assignments, foreign decorations and other awards, and financial and other personal matters.

These folders contain correspondence dealing with all these varied activities, as well as the NYT's coverage of international news and personal matters. The first folder contains their correspondence about mostly personal matters. The second through fourth folders contain correspondence and other documents about a dinner, arranged by AHS, honoring McLean on his 25th anniversary as director and 11th anniversary as president of the Associated Press, including dinner menu, souvenir cartoons, and photographs.

Includes Arthur Krock's memorandum on his private conversation with Meany about diverse labor matters and related memoranda. Merz was the Editor of the Editorial Page and a good friend of AHS, these folders contain their correspondence about mostly personal matters. Arthur Krock's report on Mikoyan's remarks at a dinner in Washington and subsequent questions-and-answers session; related memoranda.

John B. Oakes, a son of George W. Ochs-Oakes, and thus a first cousin of Mrs. Sulzberger succeeded Charles Merz as editor of the editorial page in This folder contains his correspondence with AHS about personal and diverse editorial matters however, correspondence about specific subjects is filed in the appropriate subject folders as indicated by the cross-references following. Of special interest Oakes's reports on his trips to Washington, D. Personal correspondence; financial statements; copy of her will; death certificates; condolence messages.

Includes correspondence about Poliakoff's articles on foreign affairs, under the pen name Augur, some of which were published in the NYT. Subsequently, he was involved in several other expeditions that The Times covered or contracted to cover. At the start of the Second World War, he joined The Times staff as an assistant to Hanson Baldwin , and, on special assignment from AHS, conducted a survey of Army morale, which resulted in the "Railey Report" to the President and Secretary of War and was a major factor in the establishment of the information and education program in the U.

Papers concerning these activities are in the appropriate subject folders as indicated in the cross-references following. The papers in these two folders are mostly personal correspondence between Railey and AHS, including details about his employment by and severance from The Times, financial assistance given him by The Times and by AHS personally, comments about world events and U.

Photo These four folders contain AHS's correspondence with Reston, and with other persons about Reston, mostly in connection with Reston's career and personal matters. Papers dealing with the general nature of Reston's column on the editorial page and his interpretive articles and news dispatches, as well as with readers' comments on diverse articles, are included here; however, papers dealing with the major subjects Reston covered in his articles and news reports are in the appropriate subject folders, most of which are listed in the cross-references following.

Of special interestLetters and memoranda about Reston's role in the Washington Bureau, his assignments and responsibilities, and his position vis-a-vis Arthur Krock , However, these papers give no clue to the origin of Reston's use of "Mr. Gus" in addressing AHS. Gus" in a letter included in this file. Includes letters, memoranda, and other documents about diverse aspects of Roosevelt's policies and actions, many concerning his attitude toward and relations with the NYT and the press in general, AHS's correspondence with Roosevelt, and his memoranda on his three meetings with the President , , These folders contains AHS's correspondence with Judy and her husband, mostly about financial and other personal matters, and his correspondence with others about them.

Some of his letters and poems addressed to the Rosencheins' children, James and Daniel, are included, however, the boys were later adopted by Judy's second husband, Richard N. Cohen, and most of the papers concerning them are included under Cohen, Richard N. Their mutual interest in the problems of returning World War II veterans prompted AHS to offer him the opportunity to write a regular column on veterans, especially the physically handicapped. This was quickly expanded to cover the problems of the handicapped in general. These folders contain AHS's correspondence with Rusk about his column and diverse related medical matters, about Rusk's many awards and about personal matters.

Rusk also had a major role in advising AHS about treatment of his various illnesses. Contains memoranda about James Reston's Dec. Includes reminiscences about AHS's parents, especially his Cyrus' views on Zionism and his campaign for Manhattan Borough President in , the settlement of their estates, correspondence with and about his parents, AHS's letters to his parents form military posts in , Rachel's application for membership in the Daughters of the American Revolution , her letter to Selina, Edward Greenbaum's mother, evidently about the death of one of her children , and 13 letters by Cyrus to Anna L.

Dawes, dealing with Jewish matters, politics, and other subjects Includes cables, memoranda, and other documents about CLS's interview with Nikita Krushchev , letters and memoranda about his desire to move to Washington, D. Sedgwick, Marina's uncle ; CLS's correspondence from the Soviet Union and the Balkans, describing conditions there, and his attempt to interview Stalin , correspondence from the Balkans and papers dealing with his joining the NYT , his work for United Press in Washington , his employment by the Pittsburgh Press , and his studies at Harvard and work on the Harvard Advocate Ernest and Paul Sulzberger were brothers and refugees from Nazi Germany.

They were evidently not related to AHS, who helped Ernest establish himself in the United States, most of the papers in this folder concern this effort. The correspondence with Paul, who emigrated to Palestine, concerns aid to the Zionist movement and a plan for reparations to be paid by Germany to German Jews after the war. These folders contain AHS's letters and memoranda to and about IOS about diverse personal matters that did not fit into the established subject classifications. Among these papers are IOS's, usually ananymous, letters to the editor, her advance obituary and other biographical sketches, papers concerning her birthday and the anniversary of AHS's first proposal of marriage which she had rejected, papers about several of her philanthropic and public service activities, some of the awards and honors she received, a copy of her portrait as a young woman, a photograph of her and other recipients of honorary degrees at Columbia University and other photographs, AHS's letter to his parents announcing their engagament.

This folder contains Marian's correspondence with AHS, mostly during her European trip in and photographs of her as a baby and as a young girl. The NYT published a correction saying that this sentence should not have appeared. The attack as well as the correction provoked a large amount of letters to AHS and to the editor, to which AHS replied that the correction was published because the NYT held an attack on an entire group unjustifiable.

Clifton Daniel's engagement and marriage to Truman's daughter and Truman's replies , correspondence about the NYT's publication of Truman's memoirs and the arrangements with Life Magazine and the St. These folders contain correspondence and clippings related to his news reports and the difficulties he encountered with several South Americann governments, American envoys there, and the United States State Department. They also contain correspondence about the interim coverage he and his wife, Florence Dover White, provided for the NYT and Wide World News Photo Service from to , financial arrangements with them, and White's relations with La Nacion and other Argentinian newspapers.

Includes White's letters describing conditions in Argentina, Brazil, Peru, and Uruguay and his reports on German activities and American moves in regard to military bases at the start of World War II, the latter causing protests by the State Department and President Roosevelt and leading to his recall in Includes correspondence with Winchell and others about some of his columns attacking or gossiping about the NYT or AHS personally, about Winchell's statement that the Ochs Estate planned to sell NYT stock and about Winchell's column charging favortism in awarding Pulitzer Prizes Simpson prior to his abdication , letters and memoranda about meetings with and invitations to the Duke and Duchess , , and CLS's letter to AHS on a dinner party with the Duke and Duchess These folders contain correspondence, memoranda and reports on advertising rates, linage, and revenues, correspondence with advertisers about the cost of advertising and the position of advertisements, complaints, and problems involved with certain advertisements.

Includes Monroe Green's memorandum on advertisers' attempts to pressure newspapers, which AHS used as background material for his oral history interview, AHS's response to a reader's complaint about advertising luxury items in wartime, a letter from J. Landis, Chairman of the Securities Exchange Commission, on rules for advertising new securities offerings, and AHS's speech on the role of advertising in newspaper typography.

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Includes correspondence and memoranda about a boycott of the NYT by 15 department stores over an increase in ad rates in and a draft of a New York City Publishers Association policy statement if a boycott occurs. Includes memoranda and reports on rates, volume of classified advertising, and pagination and AHS's article for the Classified Journal on the role and value of classified advertising.

Includes letters, memoranda and other documents about the NYT's policy on accepting or rejecting certain kinds of advertisements, the review procedure, and the implementation of this policy. Among the major issues that provoked controversy with advertisers and readers were books and movies considered salacious, provocative fashions, advertisements by political organizations, advertisements for pro-Communist books and Soviet publications, pro- and anti- Zionist ads, ads for German products, and ads for medical books and procedures, drugs and cosmetics.

A sharp and protracted controversy was caused by the NYT's refusal to print ads for Paul Blanshard's book on the Catholic Church and most of the material dated deals with this. Includes correspondence about ads that contain or imply some age, racial, or religious restrictions. Includes memoranda and letters about ads and other promotional activities of the NYT, use of advertising agencies, tours of the NYT, promotional booklets and leaflets, ads in other periodicals, radio, and television, and reports on promotion costs and results.

Includes correspondence from about advertising rates, from about monotone rotogravure printing, AHS's speech at the annual convention, memoranda about a civil antitrust suit brought against the American Association of Advertising Agencies AAAA , the American Newspaper Publishers Association ANPA , and four other media associations in , and the counsel court's consent decree in the suit and the AAAA report on the suit and settlement in Includes correspondence regarding AHS's early support of the Council, his role in drafting its policy statement in , an attack on him and the NYT by the American Jewish Conference in , and his letter reporting his resignation from the Council in Includes correspondence about a controversial NYT survey of college freshmen regarding their knowledge of American history.

Includes material about the organization of a committee to celebrate the th anniversary of Jewish settlement in America. Includes an invitation to AHS to become member, which he refused in , because of Legion's policies, correspondece about and readers' reactions to Irene Corbally Kuhn's article in Legion magazine claiming that the Times Book Review favors pro-communist books and reviewers, correspondence about a revival of these charges and a meeting with Legion officials in , and a letter attacking a NYT editorial critical of the Westchester County Legion's Un-American Activities Committee in Includes material concerning postal rates, racial desegregation, and Workman's Compensation Insurance for newsboys , the proposed United Nations conventions on the flow of information and rights of the press and the reactions of the ANPA, American Bar Association, and other organizations , Spain's restrictions on foreign journalists , the Taft-Hartley Act , AHS's proposal on how to solve the British newsprint shortage , reports on craft union wage scales, newspaper operations, newsprint shortages and conservation, international conservation, and postal rates , ANPA's effort to have newspapers be exempt from the Fair Labor Standards Act Wage and Hour Law , AHS's speech to an ANPA convention on freedom of the press, the exemption of newsboys from the Child Labor Law , and a ANPA survey related to an Interstate Commerce Commission's investigation, to which the NYT refused to supply financial data.

Memoranda about anti-Semitic manifestations in U. Memoranda and letters about establishing the position of architecture critic and the appointment of Ada Louise Huxtable.

Includes correspondence about the difficulty of NYT correspondents in Argentina, restraints on domestic newspapers there, political conditions, especially the Peron regime, detailed, confidential letters of United States Ambassador George Messersmith, the dispute between him and NYT correspondent Frank Kluckhohn, Kluckhohn's mistreatment by the police, and NYT executives' comments on these , and correspondence with Dr.

Includes material on the quality of the Associated Press AP service, competition among news services and resulting distortions and exaggerations, editing of dispatches to falsely indicate sources and updating, the free flow of information world-wide, misleading or inaccurate bylines, the accuracy of some AP reports and war dispatches, misleading terms and datelines, editing to falsely indicate updating, disputes between the AP and the NYT about proprietary rights, AP's use of advance copy and proofs of the NYT as tips to its own reporters, the right to dispose of photos after distribution to newspapers, a dispute between the AP and the Newspaper Guild, election news coverage, faking of news, and the NYT's violation of AP release time.

Includes correspondence and memoranda about the Chicago Sun's civil antitrust suit to compel the AP to admit all qualified newspapers, ending territorial exclusivity of the AP's membership, and the resulting revision of the AP's bylaws. Contains records of the annual cocktail party given at and by the NYT to meet the directors and officers of the AP. Includes a report of the Secretary of State's committee on international control of atomic energy , James Reston's report on interviews with Lewis L.

Howard Rusk on the effects of fallout , Laurence's confidential report on his off-the-record interview with Isidor Rabi on the proposed moratorium of weapons tests ; memoranda by Laurence and others about AHS's plan to attend the Nevada tests , memoranda about proposals to suspend the Nevada tests , and memoranda about the NYT's exclusive reports on a high-altitude test Includes mainly letters and memoranda about cars bought by AHS or the NYT for his use, but some material dealing with general automotive news and traffic problems is included.

Contains awards, etc. Correspondence about Ayer's ads for The Times, its own institutional ads, and company's internal affairs. Contains a confidential memorandum by Hanson Baldwin on the United States' use of propaganda, weather, and reconnaissance balloons. Includes letters and memoranda about attempts at censorship and seizure of copies of the NYT by the Nazi regime, plans to close the bureau at the outbreak of World War II, resumption of operations at the end of the war, and plans to move the bureau to West Germany.

Includes material on the policies governing the reviews and reviewers in the Sunday Book Review Section and daily book pages, plans for editorial changes, controversies between reviewers, columnists especially J. Includes memoranda on diverse properties owned by the NYT including F. Cox's reports on valuation of all properties and tax assessments Includes correspondence about repairs required, plans for a printing plant to be built above the railroad cut, possible sale of property, and renting of stores , possible uses of the property, a proposal for acquisition of a New York City school and a small factory, located in the same block Includes letters, memoranda, and other documents about an appraisal of the Astor leasehold easterly part of plot , use of subsurface strip, rental of stores at the western end , purchase of the 44th Street Theatre, plans for major renovation of building and expansion to the 44th Street side, including new elevators, newsprint storage space, and space for WQXR, zoning regulations; financing of project , construction problems, progress, and delays , construction of WQXR studios , memoranda on the possible sale of the building in light of the proposed move to the West Side Plant , and memoranda on further alterations undertaken or proposed Includes letters, memoranda, and other documents about building repairs, maintenance and alterations, space rentals, effects of subway operations, electric news sign and New Year's Eve display, Francis E.

Wilde's patents for the electric news sign, contract for its installation, Wilde's letter explaining the cost overrun and offering to forfeit royalties, and AHS's letter explaining how the news bulletins are selected and edited , reports on the condition of the building and steps to repair and modernize it, the sale to Douglas Leigh, Inc. Includes a cable regarding ASO's gift of the building to IOS , correspondence about legal matters, repairs, maintenance, insurance, efforts to sell the building, and its ultimate sale to Lewis S.

Rosenstiel Includes letters, memoranda, legal documents, bills and receipts, and other papers dealing with the management of these properties by the Ochs Estate and its efforts to dispose of them. Includes correspondence about purchase of the apartment, floor plans, with proposed alterations, memoranda, notes, etc. Includes correspondence about repairs, maintenance, and staff, papers about the acquisition of an adjacent property from the Peabodys , and documents about the sale of Abenia , , Includes correspondence, memoranda, notes, legal documents, and other records about the estate.

They concern mainly the initial purchase and the acquisition of adjacent properties, maintenance of the house, other buildings, the grounds, and relations with neighbors. The property was acquired in part by the Ochs Estate and in part by AHS personally, and many of the documents concern the legal ramification of this, and include correspondence with the children and attorneys about the acquisitions and future disposition of the property.

Included are correspondence on the disposition of the property after his death , , lists of property acquired, with acreage and cost , , a list of property improvements since , correspondence with the architect, builder, landscape architect, and other contractors, specifications, bids, contracts, and a brochure about the initial property Includes correspondence about ASO's purchase of the estate, repairs and maintenance, the sale of the property by the Ochs Estate, and its subsequent disposition. Includes memmoranda and correspondence about the selection of cartoons, the NYT's reasons for not publishing its own cartoons, and the practice of reprinting cartoons from other newspapers without payment.

Includes memoranda about the alleged use of agents under the guise of journalists and James Reston's memorandum on the Agency's requests to newspapers to publish certain stories without attribution to any government sources. Includes material regarding general policies, operations, management changes, and other issues at the Chattanooga Times, changes in operations following the separation from the News Free Press, especially the publication of the new afternoon paper, the Chattanooga Post, the problems of dual ownership of newspapers, Ben Golden's daily reports to AHS, masthead changes and executives' compensation, and problems and reorganization following ASO's death.

This material covers the joint operation between the Chattanooga Times and the Chattanooga News-Free Press, under an agency agreement, from its inception in to the separation in and the many problems encountered. Includes material on shortcomings in the Chattanooga Times' news coverage and editorial page, efforts to remedy these, and specific problems and issues in the news, especially the many aspects of the desegregation issue. Includes correspondence and clippings about the Chattanooga Times' radio and television programs.

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Includes correspondence about newspaper booklets created from the NYT and Chattanooga Times and workshops for teachers on how to use newspapers in their classrooms. Includes correspondence and memoranda about staff increases, replacements, compensation, and benefits, employees planning to run for elective office, employees appearing regularly on radio or television programs, compensation and benefits for employees while in or after returning from military service, and postwar bonuses for executives, and on the staff reorganization following ASO's death.

Includes correspondence about Guild demands for closed shop or Guild shop , AHS's letter to Charles Puckette demanding that Ben Golden take part in all union negotiations , and AHS's memoranda to Ben Golden about Guild's strike threat and his memoranda about Golden's attitude concerning negotiations Includes material mostly about the NYT's editorial stand on the United States' policies towards Communist China and Nationalist China Taiwan , news coverage of China, and relations with Chinese officials and news organizations and journalists.

The principal contents may be summarized as follows: controversy between John Oakes, Orvil Dryfoos, and others over a series of editorials on seating China in the United Nations , the issue of sending reporters to mainland China in view of the State Department's ban, including correspondence between AHS and John Foster Dulles on this topic, which was published in the NYT, the decoration presented to AHS by Chiang Kai-shek , the Sun Li-jen affair , Foster Hailey's speech urging recognition of Communist China , the problems in reporting the news from China, the issue of the United States' policy on defending Formosa and the off-shore islands against the Communists, including Douglas MacArthur's reply to AHS's question about the policy, Henry Lieberman's reports on conditions in China and his three internments there , Hallett Abend's letters on conditions in China, and letters and memoranda about the quality of Abend's reports AHS collected British and American first editions of Churchill's writings, and eventually amassed a nearly complete collection.

These folders contain correspondence with dealers, sellers, other collectors, and Churchill about the collections, memoranda and notes about organizing the collection and installing it at Hillandale, about Randolph Churchill's biography of his father and other books about Churchill that were later included in the collection. A set of catalog cards and chronological and alphabetical lists of the volumes in the collection are included.

Includes circulation reports with AHS' questions and comments, correspondence and memoranda about the volume of circulation, effects of price increases, problems of distribution in distant United States areas and overseas, comparisons with the Herald-Tribune and other New York newspapers, the effects of strikes, newsdealers' attitudes, and specific news events on circulation, expanding suburban circulation, correspondence with readers about delivery problems, a dispute with the Union News Co.

Letter asking AHS for funds to establish college and for fund-raising advice, declined; private letter by Dean Rusk stating that Rockefeller Foundation had refused support and indicating some suspicion about quality of proposed college. AHS was deeply involved in and devoted to his alma mater. He served many years as a trustee, endowed a scholarship, was active on numerous committees, and chaired the commitee in over-all charge of the university's bicentennial celebration. He contributed finacially to Columbia in various ways, both personally and through the New York Times Foundation.

E Contact. D Digitized. New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers. Request access to this collection. Restrictions apply. Sources Catledge, Turner, Lillian K. Leff, Laurel. Buried by The Times. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Shepard, Richard F. The Paper's Papers. New York: Times Books, Tifft, Susan E. The Trust. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, New York Times, 12 December, Scope and arrangement The Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers document Sulzberger's life and career at xxThe New York Timesxx, with the majority of the collection relating to Sulzberger's 26 years as president and publisher of the paper.

Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers are arranged in two series: Series I. Processing information Processed by Megan O'Shea. Access to materials Advance notice required. Access restrictions Cross references for "Photograph file" refer to a file created by The New York Times that is not yet available.

Series I. Readers should be aware that cross references are not comprehensive and that the notes regarding files were written by staff members of the Archives at The New York Times. Abeles, Margaret H. Abram, Morris B. Acheson, Dean G. Ackerman, Carl W. Adams, J. Adenauer, Konrad. Adler, Barbara Squier. See: Buchman, Myron I. Adler, Harry C. Consumers Union Eisenhower, Dwight D. Estate of Adolph S. Adler, Julius Ochs, Jr. Closed correspondence.

Adler, Nancy Jean. Agronsky, Martin. Aguinaldo, Emilio. This is the son of Viscount Beaverbrook, he renounced the title after his father died. Aldrich, Malcolm P. Aldrich, Richard. Aldrich, Winthrop. Aldrich, Winthrop W. Alduino, Joseph P. Aleskovsky, Nathan. Alexander, Henry C. Allen, Gordon H. Allen, Herbert B. Allen, James E. Allen, Richard F. Allen, Robert S. Anderson, Frederick L. Anna Maria, Queen of Greece. Archambault, Gaston Hanet. Armor, Marshall H. Armstrong, Edwin H. Armstrong, Hamilton Fish. Arnstein, Elsie Nathan.

Arnstein, Max B. Astor, John Jacob Astor of Hever. Astor, Nancy and Waldorf Astor. Atchley, Dana W. Atkinson, Brooks. Atkinson, Geoffroy. Auerbach, Mitchel D. Ault, Louise Choo. Austin, [unidentified]. Austin, Warren R. Bache, Harold L. Bachrach, Fabian. Baker, Newton D. Baker, Richard T. Baldwin, Hanson W.

Staff: Outside Activities. Baldwin, William H. Baldwin of Bewdley Stanley Baldwin. Balfour of Inchrye Harold Balfour. Balint, Nicholas G. Baltazar, Juliana M. Bancroft, Harding F. Barbour, Elysabeth. Barkley, Alben W. Barnard, Chester I. Barnet, Melvin L. Barnum, Jerome D. Barrett, Edward W. Barrett, Francis G. Bartholomew, Frank H. Bartlett, Charles L. Bartlett, Robert A. Bartlett, Valentine and Marie Bartlett. Baruch, Bernard M.

Bassett, John, Jr. Batchelder, Charles. Batt, William L. Baumgartner, Leona. Beard, Charles A. Beaverbrook, Lord William Maxwell Aitken. Becker, Lucy Freeman. Bedingfield, Robert E. Behar, David and Diana Behar. Behard, Nicolas Emmanuel. Beightler, Robert S. Belair, Felix, Jr.

Staff: Senate Investigation Washington Bureau. Belinky, Bernard. Bell, Elliott V. Bellamy, Paul and Pat Bellamy. Bellonte, Maurice. Ben Gurion, David. Benet, William Rose. Bengis, Abraham and Esther Bengis. Benjamin, Alfred. Bennet, William S. Benson, Ezra Taft. Berger, Meyer and Mae Berger. Bergerman, Milton M. Bergstrom, Gertrude Sensenbrenner. Berkson, Seymour. Berlin, Richard E. Bernays, Edward L.

Bernhard, Prince of the Netherlands. Bernheim, Robert. Bernheim, Ruth Grace. Berns, Jerome H. Bernstein, Henri. Bernstein, Philip S.

Sylvia Porter

Bernstein, Theodore M. Berry, George L. Berry, Gomer Viscount Kensley. Bettman, Gilbert and Iphigene Molony Bettman. Biddle, Anthony J. Drexel, Jr. Billikopf, Jacob. Billingham, Anthony J. Bingham, Jonathan B. Birchall, Frederick T. Bird, Elisha Brown. Black, Douglas M. Black, Eugene R.

Blackburn, James Edward, Jr. Blackwell, Betsy Talbot. Blair, William G. Blair, William M. Closed memoranda. Blauvelt, Hiram B. Bliss, Robert Woods. Bloss, Helen Louise. Blumenthal, Herbert A. Blumgart, Leonard. Bohlen, Charles E. Booth, George F. Boothe, Earle Col. Borah, William E. Borg, Myron I. Boshko, Nathalie. Bowater, Eric Vansittart and Margaret Bowater.

Bowen, Raymond B. Bowers, Claude G. Bowers, Nancy Hale. Bowes-Lyon, David. Boyle, Catherine Boyle Viscountess. Bracken, Brendan. Bradford, Amory H. Staff: Senate Investigation. Bradford, Arthur H. Bradford, Benjamin. Bradley, Omar N. Brady, Thomas F. Braunstein, Baruch. Brett, Simon and Lorna D. Brewer, Sam Pope. Brickner, Barnett R. Briggs, Ellis O. Brinsmade, Robert T. Broadman, Joseph. Bronfman, Samuel. Bronk, Detlev W.

Brooks, Matt and Trudy Brooks. Brouillet, Eliza. Brown, Courtney C. Brown, Edmond Warren. Brown, Edward F. Brown, John Mason. Brown, Philip Marshall. Brown, Sevellon Mrs. Brownell, Herbert. Brownell, Kenneth C. Bruce, David K. Bryan, David Tennant. Bryan, Frederick Van Pelt. Buchanan, Marjory C. Buchman, Myron I. Buckley, William F. Buell, Raymond Leslie. Bullitt, William C. Bunche, Ralph J. Burden, William A. Burger, George J.

Burgess, Randolph W.

Manuscript Collection

Sylvia Porter: America's Original Personal Finance Columnist (New York State Series) [Tracy Lucht] on lirodisa.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Sylvia Porter (–) was the nation's first personal finance columnist and one of the most In Sylvia Porter: Americ Series: New York State Series.

Burlingham, Charles Culp. Burritt, Richard D. Buss, Kenneth C. Butler, Edward H. Butler, Nicholas Murray. Buttenwieser, Benjamin J. Byrd, Harry F. Byrd, Richard E. See also: Aviation: Byrd, Richard E. Byrnes, James F. Cabot, John Moors.

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Cabot, Maria Moors. Cadogan, Alexander. Caffery, Jefferson. Calderone, Mary S. Caldwell, Taylor. Calhoun, Crede H. Callender, Harold.

Acculturation and Assimilation

Calogeropoulos, Nico. Camp, Raymond R. Campbell, Joseph. Campion, Thomas B. Camrose, Viscount John Seymour Berry. She strove to be smart and tough while at the same time stereotypically feminine and even coquettish. An interesting and worthy addition to any academic collection with a strong focus on journalism.

Summing Up: Recommended. Students at all levels; faculty; researchers. Porter was the first personal finance columnist who wrote a number of best-selling books on the same topic Lucht, who teaches journalism at Iowa State University, traces Porter from writing about finance amidst the Great Depression to her final years when her opinions carried great weight- she was regularly on the air, she edited a magazine, and she wrote her columns.

This is the first Porter biography. Porter, one of the most experienced and prolific financial writers of the day, was, shockingly, a woman. How could this have happened in a sphere that at that time was regarded as exclusively male terrain? The perpetrator of that incident-Sylvia Porter-carved a remarkable year career in a realm where only a few women had gone before, laying the groundwork for today's burgeoning personal finance genre. Porter into the reader's life, sharing her successes and challenges, and enlightening us as to the role this woman played in the lives of many women.

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