In January , he became the focus of a plagiarism scandal, accused of stealing the work of a U. They are divorced. Their son Arnaud spoke about the divorce of his parents in the Magazine Gala, in One daughter, Solenn, committed suicide at a Paris metro station in , aged 19, having been a long-term anorexic. Her plight became a symbol of the problems of anorexia and bulimia , with Poivre becoming a campaigner and writer on the issue. Poivre caused controversy by presenting his regular news bulletin the evening after Solenn's death.
He has published many books, two of which are dedicated to his daughter Solenn.
He has also written prefaces to books by other authors, and these are not listed here. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Patrick Poivre d'Arvor. Reims , France. Later the same year he spent six months in Palestinian refugee camps , secretly meeting Yasser Arafat near Amman. Profoundly moved by his experiences in the United States and Jordan , Genet wrote a final lengthy memoir about his experiences, Prisoner of Love , which would be published posthumously.
He worked with Foucault and Sartre to protest police brutality against Algerians in Paris, a problem persisting since the Algerian War of Independence , when beaten bodies were to be found floating in the Seine. By proxy, Jean Genet even managed to make an unlikely appearance in the pop charts when in , David Bowie released his popular hit single " The Jean Genie ". In his book Moonage Daydream , Bowie confirmed that the title " Records in the United States. Genet developed throat cancer and was found dead on 15 April , in a hotel room in Paris.
Genet may have fallen on the floor and fatally hit his head. Throughout his five early novels, Genet works to subvert the traditional set of moral values of his assumed readership. He celebrates a beauty in evil , emphasizes his singularity, raises violent criminals to icons , and enjoys the specificity of gay gesture and coding and the depiction of scenes of betrayal. Our Lady of the Flowers Notre Dame des Fleurs is a journey through the prison underworld, featuring a fictionalized alter-ego by the name of Divine, usually referred to in the feminine, at the center of a circle of tantes "aunties" or "queens" with colorful sobriquets such as Mimosa I, Mimosa II, First Communion and the Queen of Rumania.
The two auto-fictional novels, Miracle of the Rose Miracle de la rose and The Thief's Journal Journal du voleur , describe Genet's time in Mettray Penal Colony and his experiences as a vagabond and prostitute across Europe. Querelle de Brest is set in the midst of the port town of Brest, where sailors and the sea are associated with murder; and Funeral Rites is a story of love and betrayal across political divides, written this time for the narrator's lover, Jean Decarnin, killed by the Germans in WWII. Prisoner of Love , published in , after Genet's death, is a memoir of his encounters with Palestinian fighters and Black Panthers; it has, therefore, a more documentary tone than his fiction.
It was highly praised by such major artists as Giacometti himself and Picasso. Genet wrote in an informal style, incorporating excerpts of conversations between himself and Giacometti. Genet's own biographer, Edmund White , said that, rather than write in the style of an art historian, Genet "invented a whole new language for discussing" Giacometti, proposing "that the statues of Giacometti should be offered to the dead, and that they should be buried. Genet's plays present highly stylized depictions of ritualistic struggles between outcasts of various kinds and their oppressors.
His most overtly political play is The Screens , an epic account of the Algerian War of Independence. He also wrote another full-length drama, Splendid's , in and a one-act play , Her Elle , in , though neither was published or produced during Genet's lifetime. The production was the longest running Off-Broadway non-musical of the decade.
Originally premiered in Paris in , this New York production ran for 1, performances. In , Genet directed Un Chant d'Amour , a minute black-and-white film depicting the fantasies of a gay male prisoner and his prison warden. Genet's work has also been adapted for film and produced by other filmmakers.
Tony Richardson directed a film, Mademoiselle , which was based on a short story by Genet. It starred Jeanne Moreau with the screenplay written by Marguerite Duras. Todd Haynes ' Poison was also based on the writings of Genet. Several of Genet's plays were adapted into films. Italian director Salvatore Samperi in directed another adaptation for film of the same play, La Bonne Eng. Corruption , starring Florence Guerin and Katrine Michelsen. Spitzer, Mark, trans. In this way, the regulation of searches of prisoners 13 , the regime regarding communications, written or telephonic 14 or the implementation of state constraints 15 are all very much part of a domain governed by decree.
It is the same for the disciplinary regime, which is entirely regulated by a decree of April 2, 16 , the constitutionality of which is questionable, according to Raymond Gassin Gassin, Circulars that are supposed to interpret the terms of a law Koubi, that does not exist, therefore govern permissions to leave 17 , body searches 18 , or use of isolation 19 , issues that relate to the rights of the person.
After a notice of the Council of State of October 3, 20 that confirmed the application of this law to prisons, the authorities, by means of a circular, tried to limit its effects, especially the potential for lawyers to appear before the disciplinary commision Moreover, the penal administration still does not allow other orders that are unfavourable to prisoners, such as solitary confinement, to be made subject to this law. The Minister of Justice, by way of a draft decree, reviewed with the correctional unions on Sept. This impression is re-enforced by the fact that in spite of the development of a national and European jurisprudence that increasingly tends to limit arbitrary administrative decision-making, the exercise of rights in prisons continues to meet resistance from internal institutional rules.
Similarly, in spite of nearly 30 years of penitentiary law as well as a rich jurisprudence, prisoner rights in Germany are far from what they should be according to the laws. The question therefore arises whether these surviving prison regulations which interfere with fundamental rights, do so because the law is fundamentally flawed or just ineffective within the prisons.
Another issue is whether the existence of laws is synonymous with the respect for rights. Forty years later, and in spite of a prisoner escape rate among the lowest in Europe, the fear of escapes and the imperatives of order and security have remained the foundational obsession of the French prison system Herzog-Evans, It facilitates the social re-integration of those persons entrusted to it by judicial authority.
This is an interesting formulation because it shows that the law itself creates a certain hierarchy between the goals of social reintegration and the maintenance of public security.
In the first case, there is only a required conduct, in the second, a required result. To see a required result in relation to re-integration seems unlikely, indeed, undesirable.
On the one hand, evaluating a successful re-integration requires a discussion of the criteria used: is it the absence of recidivism? Integration into the work-force? A thriving family life 23?
In its second paragraph, it requires that during his or her imprisonment, the prisoner must acquire the capacity to lead a socially responsible life, without criminal behaviour. In the second line, it nevertheless adds that imprisonment is also meant to protect society from other acts of criminality. The Federal Constitutional Court, for its part, has deemed that in realizing the main objective of imprisonment, which is re-integration, the protection of society must be given consideration, but never as a goal in itself of imprisonment The law thus gives the authorities complete power to attack fundamental rights as soon as they might threaten order or security.
It is in the name of security that the measures of control and constraint are used on prisoners. The German legislation leads to the same results, since the administrative regulations provide for the use of handcuffs where there is a serious risk of flight or if the prisoner is a danger to himself or to others. Thus, Paragraph 25 of the German law regarding execution of punishments anticipates giving the warden the discretion to refuse some visits if order and security might be put at risk.
It is the same for written communications Order and security also justify surveillance of conversations during visits On the other hand, punishments are incurred when the rules are violated Goffman, , Prison is no exception.
By accepting, indeed, in making use of such methods, the prison authority departs from the role envisioned for it by the law and creates its own new form of law. However, more than codified laws, it is these practices that prisoners are familiar with.
Much easier to understand than legal jargon and the complexities of procedure, these practices are much closer to prisoner culture and information about them is easily spread by word of mouth. Hence the confusion and outrage that propagates in prisons when a new rule disturbs established norms. But their informal nature, vitiating any objective continuity, limits their potential as a prisoner code of litigation.
These practices, because of their variability and lack of predictability, create legal uncertainty. The social space is taking over juridical norms, interpreting and adapting them to its own needs.
In order to make the system of rules work, each school, hospital, or postal station, for example, must adapt it to its own environment. The judge, especially one in an administrative law context, must always take that into account when ruling on the validity of an administrative act in relation to a legal decision.
The Encyclopedia of Censorship. In brief, the existence of those recommendations increases the possibilities of testing the governmental discourse, decisions, involvements and practices governing penitentiary matters by the activists who use rights as a weapon. In sum, it said that in the CNT one only finds syndicalist methods and that the organization was opposed to armed actions. This fragility is a condition of the violence found within it. The prison rationality and mechanisms, like the democratic state, surrender to this demand for legitimate weakening, rather than putting forward a re-legitimization program. This one consists of governing prisoners through their subjectivity, by their rights, rather than against them, through discipline. In an interview, he said that there was "no objective" reason for his dismissal, but declined to comment on "rumours" of political interference.
Jurisprudence therefore begins to consider the carceral specifics in order to determine whether certain decisions conform to the codified law in force. The result is a legal recognition that placement into isolation is a decision that can be grieved on the basis of an abuse of power.