Unlike in English, most European and other languages also have both a familiar and a formal "you.
In this regard, Germans tend to be more formal than English speakers, and they use first names only after a long period of getting to know each other sometimes years. Share Flipboard Email. Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture.
May I? I'm 16 years old. The other two pronouns imply a different relationship, one that is intimate or that is based on belonging to a certain group classmates, club members, etc. For such relationships, the pronouns "du" and "ihr" are used. The pronoun " du " is used to address only one listener for example, your brother.
To speak to both your brother and your sister, you would use the plural form " ihr. Sie, du and ihr are the nominative forms: like "I," "he" or "she," they can be used only as subjects.
The table below includes all the case forms of these pronouns. Click here for more on " YOU ".
Click here for an explanation of case. The gender of the noun does not matter in the plural; there is only one set of plural forms used for all genders. Click here to practice the nominative case forms. Click here to practice the accusative case forms. Click here to practice the dative case forms. Because they represent that noun operating in a new clause, their case agrees with their function in the clause. Because a relative clause is necessarily a dependent clause, the inflected verb is "kicked" to the end of the relative clause by the relative pronoun.
Any of the relative clauses can be combined with the main clauses, because they match the gender and number of the antecedent. The case does not have to match , however, because the case of the relative pronoun is determined by its function in the relative clause. Wie ist der Name des Mannes , What is the name of the man,. Die Moritat von Mackie Messer by Bertolt Brecht has a lot of relative pronouns, along with links to a related exercise.
The folk-tale Hiddensee has an exercise on relative pronouns as well.
Click here for another lesson on Pronouns in German. First Person Singular: the speaker. First Person Plural: the speakers.
The pronoun ihr is used to address more than one person. Die Toten Hosen.
The indefinite pronoun is " man. It is usually used as a subject, though it can be used as an object.
The indefinite or impersonal pronoun in English is "one," though "you" or "people" or "they" are often used as well. People know they should vote. The relative pronouns follow the pattern of the "der"-words , with variations in the dative plural and genitive case.