Sproul Jan 27, Category: Articles. Some Christians believe that the Sabbath was an Old Testament ordinance and has no application to the New Testament church. No less a giant than Saint Augustine took the position that the Sabbath was not carried over into the New Testament community and therefore has been fulfilled and was done away with through the work of Christ.
For the most part, Christian people, while they may disagree as to what day is the Sabbath—the sixth or the seventh day and all that—and how we observe it, still maintain that the Sabbath is to be observed somehow in the Christian community. God ordained the Sabbath, not at Mt. Sinai with Moses and the people of Israel, but at Creation. The later books of the Law certainly filled out the concept of the Sabbath in terms of its specifics and how it was to be observed in Israel, but the Sabbath existed long before the Ten Commandments and other laws were given.
This would indicate that as long as Creation is in effect, Sabbath is in effect. We have a clear mandate in the New Testament not to forsake the assembling of the saints Heb. That is usually seen as one of the ways in which the Sabbath is to be observed. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day.
Curiosity Aroused. Why did God not mention the Sabbath during those years? The answer is evident when the purpose for which the Sabbath was given is realized. Exodus must be carefully considered: "Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: 'Surely My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the LORD who sanctifies you. You shall keep the Sabbath, therefore, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.
Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. Therefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel forever; for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed. Any person of Israel not keeping the Sabbath was to be cut off from his people. Since it was instituted as a special sign for Israel, it could be enforced only as long as Israel was in the land of Palestine as a nation and was on proper terms with God.
According to the foreknowledge of God, the Israelites were to be scattered soon after the crucifixion of Christ, and the Book of Galatians teaches that the Law was given by Moses until Christ died: "What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of a mediator" Even though Israel is back in the land now, she has not recognized her God; consequently, the sign-the Sabbath-is not yet enforced. Christ and the Sabbath.
Did Christ keep the Sabbath? Certainly He did. Some Scripture passages will show why Jesus kept the Sabbath on earth.
Tom Schreiner's 40 Questions About Christians and Biblical Law releases Israel regularly violated the Sabbath—the sign of the covenant—and this is one of. “A Christian writer/speaker, who travels extensively and lectures on ‘Does God Exist?,’ has written that the Bible indicates that Jesus, on one occasion, ‘violated’ the Old Testament Sabbath-day law. First, if Christ “violated” the law of God, then he sinned. On a certain sabbath.
In the first place, John says that "He came to His own"-that is, the Jews. He came for His own-the Jews. He was made under the Law and was part of the nation of Israel. The Law was not yet set aside. Galatians tells that He came to His own: "But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law. Jesus, being a Jew and living in the time when the Law was still in force, had to keep the Law, too, including the law of the Sabbath.
He did not come to destroy the Law but to fulfill it: "Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled" Matt. As far as any human being is concerned, Christ is the only One who ever kept the Law perfectly. This proves His sinlessness. The four Gospels, which record the history of Christ's life on earth, mention the Sabbath at least 50 times.
It was observed by all Jews because until the crucifixion, the disciples, as well as Christ, were still under the Law. Not until He cried, "It is finished" John was the Law completely fulfilled. But notice-and this is very important-Christ is not spoken of once as keeping the Sabbath after the crucifixion. Instead, He left us the example of the Lord's Day.
While the Sabbath could bring physical rest, it was only temporary, it came and went, and the reminder of the Fall, of labor and hard work would return when it ended. Hebrews There are also those who teach by faith alone and nothing else but James says that, faith without works is dead and in James states by works a man is justified, and not by faith only. Christians need to wake up and to grasp the meaning of this resurrection day. When the Bible says to remember the day, to keep it holy, it is in Exodus — the Law of Moses. Eventually Israel did forget God and disintegrated as a nation, dividing into the separate kingdoms of Israel and Judah before being taken away into captivity by Assyrian and Babylonian invaders in the eighth and sixth centuries B. The disciples broke no law. As i said i still see a heaven and a earth and according to scripture god tells you that he does not change!
Paul and the Sabbath. What about Paul? He observed the Sabbath with the Jews until he turned completely to reaching the Gentiles.
In Acts Paul cleared himself of his responsibility toward his people, the Jews, and turned to the Gentiles: "And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath, and persuaded both Jews and Greeks. But when they opposed him and blasphemed, he shook his garments and said to them, 'Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean.
From now on I will go to the Gentiles. Before chapter 18 the Sabbath is mentioned eight times in the Book of the Acts. The reason for this is that Paul visited the Jew first and, of course, that was most easily done on the Sabbath, for the Jews kept the Sabbath. But when he met with the church, he always did this on the first day of the week. After Acts 18 the Sabbath is not mentioned once in the Scriptures, with the exception of Colossians : "Therefore let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths. It is also noted that the other apostles observed the Sabbath together with the Jews, but they did this only when they went to the places where the Jews were.
After Acts 18 we do not find another mention of the Sabbath in all of Scripture, with the one exception mentioned above. For further study, see D. Carson, ed. Change Book:. Dynamic Resources Magazine. Read it Online.
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