Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Johnson Editor. How do these topics differ, and can they be separated from, issues such as identity, health, and environment?
The answer, of course, lies in the interconnectedness of all aspects of Native American life, culture, religion, and politics. This format enco "How does one make a clear distinction between issues such as tribal sovereignty, indigenous rights, and law and justice? This format encourages the consideration of Native politics both in terms of unifying themes and contexts and with regard to local situations, needs, and struggles. Each topical section is introduced by the editor's own commentaries, which provide background and integrated analyses of the issues at hand.
They are followed by informative, critical case studies and essays that offer experiences and perspectives from a variety of Native American and political settings.
Students will gain grounded understandings of key issues as well as a variety of theoretical perspectives from which to understand contemporary American Indian political life. Topics include sovereignty, international indigenous rights, economic development, law, repatriation, and activism. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages.
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Contemporary Native American Political Issues (Contemporary Native American Communities) [Troy Johnson] on lirodisa.tk *FREE* shipping on qualifying. Editorial Reviews. Review. Although there are several anthropological textbooks on Native note taking and highlighting while reading Contemporary Native American Political Issues (Contemporary Native American Communities Book 2).
From the late 19th century to the middle of the 20th, political sovereignty, and especially the enforcement of treaty agreements, was a primary focus of indigenous activism; local, regional, and pan-Indian resistance to the allotment of communally owned land, to the mandatory attendance of children at boarding schools, and to the termination of tribal rights and perquisites all grew from the basic tenets of the sovereignty movement.
One, and perhaps the principal, issue in defining the sovereign and civil rights of American Indians has been the determination of jurisdiction in matters of Indian affairs. Historical events in Northern America, that part of the continent north of the Rio Grande, created an unusually complex system of competing national, regional state, provincial, or territorial , and local claims to jurisdiction.
Where other countries typically have central governments that delegate little authority to regions, Canada and the United States typically assign a wide variety of responsibilities to provincial, state, and territorial governments, including the administration of such unrelated matters as unemployment insurance , highway maintenance, public education, and criminal law.
With nearly 1, officially recognized tribal governments and more than 60 regional governments extant in the United States and Canada at the turn of the 21st century, and with issues such as taxation and regulatory authority at stake, it is unsurprising that these various entities have been involved in a myriad of jurisdictional battles.
Two examples of criminal jurisdiction help to clarify the interaction of tribal, regional, and federal or dominion authorities. One area of concern has been whether a non-Indian who commits a criminal act while on reservation land can be prosecuted in the tribal court. In Oliphant v.
Suquamish Indian Tribe , the U. Supreme Court determined that tribes do not have the authority to prosecute non-Indians, even when such individuals commit crimes on tribal land. This decision was clearly a blow to tribal sovereignty, and some reservations literally closed their borders to non-Indians in order to ensure that their law enforcement officers could keep the peace within the reservation. The Oliphant decision might lead one to presume that, as non-Indians may not be tried in tribal courts, Indians in the United States would not be subject to prosecution in state or federal courts.
This issue was decided to the contrary in United States v.
Wheeler Wheeler, a Navajo who had been convicted in a tribal court, maintained that the prosecution of the same crime in another federal or state court amounted to double jeopardy. In this case the Supreme Court favoured tribal sovereignty, finding that the judicial proceedings of an independent entity in this case, the indigenous nation stood separately from those of the states or the United States; a tribe was entitled to prosecute its members. In so ruling, the court seems to have placed an extra burden on Native Americans: whereas the plaintiff in Oliphant gained immunity from tribal law, indigenous plaintiffs could indeed be tried for a single criminal act in both a tribal and a state or federal court.
A plethora of other examples are available to illustrate the complexities of modern native life.