But over the centuries, the trees were cut down for firewood, lumber and to make room for farms. Today, forests can be found mainly in the Pindus and Rhodope mountain ranges. The long coastline and clear waters make Greece an ideal location to spot lots of cool sea life, including starfish, sea anemones, sponges and seahorses.
Snorkels at the ready! Greece is home to lots of fascinating plant life, too. These plants include fragrant herbs such as thyme, rosemary, oregano, and bay and myrtle trees. Bird watching is also popular in Greece, where geese, ducks and swallows stop over during their migration from Africa to Europe. The first great civilisation in Greece was the Minoan culture on the island of Crete , around B.
In B. During ancient times, the country was divided into city-states ruled by noblemen.
The largest were Athens, Sparta, Thebes and Corinth. Each state controlled the territory around a single city, and they were often at war with each other. Athens became the most powerful city-state and in B. But during that time, only men were allowed to vote! The first Olympic Games were held in the southern city of Olympia in B. Only men could compete in the events such as sprinting, long jump, discus, javelin, wrestling and chariot racing.
In the 2nd century B. The Romans conquered the Greeks in B. But in , following the Greek Revolution , Greece won independence. Greece has had a troubled relationship with Turkey over the island of Cyprus, which has a large Greek population. Cyprus is divided into Greek and Turkish areas, and is monitored by the United Nations to make sure neither country starts a fight over the island. Family life is considered very important in Greece. Children often live with their parents, even after they get married.
Greeks live long lives and it is thought that their varied diet of olives, olive oil, lamb, fish, squid, chickpeas and lots of fruits and vegetables keep them healthy. Olive trees have been cultivated in Greece for over 6, years, and every village has its own olive groves. Nearly two-thirds of Greeks live in large cities.
Athens is the largest city, with over 3. As a result, air pollution can be a big problem in the capital, where thick clouds of smog form, known locally as nefos. Greece abolished their monarchy in and became a parliamentary republic. Under the new constitution, there is a president and a prime minister. The prime minister has the most power, and is the leader of the party running the country. The president selects cabinet ministers who run the different government departments. The parliament, called the Vouli , has only one house with members who are elected every four years.
Greece became part of the European Union in While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add a pre-selected message and a cool badge. I gust wasted a few seconds of your life llllllllllllllllllllllloooooooooooooooolllllllllllllllllllllllll!!! That was amazing, fantastic, brilliant, awesome, incredible and sensation there is more was to describe them words. If a family had multiple daughters, it could get expensive since each daughter would have to begin her marriage with a dowry.
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The dowry was property or money that was given to her husband upon their marriage. As in many ancient cultures and some modern cultures as well, boys were favored over girls. Boys were able to continue the family line, care for older parents, and arrange a proper funeral for them when they died. At age three, a young boy would taste his first sips of wine at the festival of Dionysus.
He would also begin to assist at sacrificial rituals to the gods as an official temple boy.
In most city-states, boys lived in the Gynaikon and were trained by their fathers to master different crafts until they were around the age of six. Then they were educated in schools. Spartan boys left their families at the age of seven to be reared and educated by the state for the military. They were not allowed to leave the barracks where they were being trained until they were thirty years of age. Other city-states required boys to join the army when they reached the age of eighteen.
They were required to give two years of service. Boys learned to memorize and recite poems. They also learned music, reading, writing, and arithmetic using an abacus.
They were taught at home by their mothers. If their mother could read and write, they taught their girls how to do the same, as well as teaching them how to cook and sew and run a household. Education in Sparta was completely different. The purpose of education in Sparta was to produce and maintain a powerful army.
Alliteration Hyperbole Metaphor Irony. Greek Men Free men had most of the rights in the culture of Ancient Greece. She first shaved her head Fighting wars was what the Spartans did best. Spartan philosophy was positioned on loyalty to the state and military service. Although Spartan women were not active in the military, they were educated and enjoyed more status and freedom than other Greek women. Hercules Hercules known in Greek as Heracles or Herakles is one of the best-known heroes in Greek and Roman mythology.
Sparta boys entered military school when they were about six years old. They learned how to read and write, but those skills were not considered very important except for messages. Military school was tough, on purpose. The boys were often hungry. They were often beaten.
They slept away from home, in the barracks, with the men. If they cried, they were beaten, sometimes by their own parents.
They were taught how to steal and lie and get away with it. These skills could save their life someday.