While May was pondering how best to craft a Christmas story about a reindeer, while staring out his office window in downtown Chicago, a thick fog from Lake Michigan blocked his view—giving him a flash of inspiration. A bright red nose that would shine through fog like a spotlight. The cultural significance of a red nose has changed since the story's publication.
In s popular culture, a bright red nose was closely associated with chronic alcoholism and drunkards, so the story idea was initially rejected.
May asked his illustrator friend at Montgomery Ward, Denver Gillen, to draw "cute reindeer", using zoo deer as models. The alert, bouncy character Gillen developed convinced management to support the idea. Maxton Books published the first mass-market edition of Rudolph in [ citation needed ] and a sequel, Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer Shines Again , in The story chronicles the experiences of Rudolph, a youthful reindeer buck male who possesses an unusual luminous red nose. Mocked and excluded by his peers because of this trait, Rudolph proves himself one Christmas Eve with poor visibility due to inclement weather after Santa Claus catches sight of Rudolph's nose and asks Rudolph to lead his sleigh for the evening.
Rudolph agrees and is finally favored by his fellow reindeer for his heroism and accomplishment.
Rudolph made his first screen appearance in , in a cartoon short produced by Max Fleischer for the Jam Handy Corporation that was more faithful to May's original story than Marks' song, which had not yet been written. May's brother-in-law, Johnny Marks , adapted the story of Rudolph into a song. Gene Autry 's recording of the song hit No. Autry's recording sold 2.
In , DC Comics published a 14th edition in an extra-large format. The book, similar in story to the Max Fleischer cartoon short, is no longer in print, but a revised Little Golden Books version of the storybook was reissued in As the producers of the special, Arthur Rankin, Jr. This re-telling chronicles Rudolph's social rejection among his peers and his decision to run away from home.
Rudolph is accompanied by a similarly outcast elf named Hermey, who skipped elf practice to become a dentist, along with a loud, boisterous, eager prospector named Yukon Cornelius who was in search of wealth. Additional original characters include Rudolph's love interest, Clarice; the antagonistic "Abominable Snow Monster of the North"; and, as narrator, Sam the living Snowman, voiced by Burl Ives.
In the stop-motion movie, Rudolph is born to Donner the Reindeer and Donner's wife. He is discovered by Santa to have a shiny, glowing red nose.
Donner, regardless of Rudolph's defect, trains him to be a normal reindeer with skills such as gathering food and hiding from the "Abominable Snow Monster", a giant, furry white beast. To hide Rudolph's nose, Donner puts dirt on it to cover it with a black coating. This causes Rudolph to talk in a funny accent, as told by the Rudolph's peers. A short time later, Rudolph joins his peers at the Reindeer Games, where he meets Fireball, who is initially friendly and has a shock of strawberry blond hair on his head, and Clarice, a female spectator who takes a liking to Rudolph.
Clarice's flirtation inspires Rudolph to perform better than all of his peers at flying, but in his excitement he knocks the black cover off his nose, revealing a red glow that causes Fireball and the others to turn against him; this distraction, in turn, prompts the coach Comet to ban Rudolph from the Reindeer Games. Clarice remains loyal to him, only to be ordered by her father not to shame the family by associating with "a red-nosed reindeer.
Rudolph soon runs into Hermey, an elf who was forced out of his job at the North Pole's toy factory; Hermey showed a total lack of interest in the toymaking and singing aspects of being an elf and instead wanted to pursue dentistry. They come to the conclusion that they're both misfits and decide to run away together.
On their aimless journey, they run into Yukon Cornelius, the self-described "greatest prospector of the North" who nevertheless seems to never find any silver or gold, and attempt to stay away from the Bumble, a huge abominable snow monster.
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer, also popularly known as "Santa's ninth reindeer", is a 20th century reindeer created by Robert Lewis May. Rudolph is usually. Lyrics to 'Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer' by Christmas Carols: Then how all the reindeer loved him, As they shouted out with glee, Rudolph the Red-Nosed.
Their journey leads them to the Island of Misfit Toys, where sentient but unorthodox toys go when they are abandoned by their owners. King Moonracer, the winged lion that lords over the Island, refuses to let them stay there permanently, instead telling the trio to return home and tell Santa Claus of the toys' plight, in exchange for one night's stay on the island. Rudolph refuses the offer and, fearing for his friends' life, runs off alone.
A now older Rudolph, still unable to find a place in the world, returns home to the North Pole, only to find that his family and Clarice had left to look for him and are now about to be eaten by the Bumble. With the help of Hermey and Yukon who arrived separately , they lure the Bumble away and pacify him by knocking him unconscious and allowing Hermey with dental skills he has acquired by reading books to remove his sharp teeth. Everyone eventually returns to Santa's workshop, where a dismayed Santa Claus breaks the bad news that the weather is too bad to take the sleigh out and that Christmas would be canceled.
But when Santa looks over Rudolph, he gets a very bright idea The characters in this Christmas special really make it Movie Info This stop-motion animagic version of the classic Christmas tale adds a bit of a twist when Rudolph encounters an abominable snowman. Warning: This story includes spoilers for Stranger Things season 3. Dec 3, Full Review…. Quotes [ first lines ] Sam the Snowman : If I live to be , I'll never forget that big snow storm a couple of years ago.
Santa changes his mind when he notices Rudolph's red nose and asks Rudolph to lead the sleigh team, which he happily accepts. After the story's initial broadcast, its closing credits were revised. Images of wrapped presents being dropped from Santa's sleigh were replaced by a scene in which Santa stops to pick up the Misfit Toys and delivers them to the homes of children below via umbrellas with the exception of the misfit toy bird that swims but doesn't fly who is dropped to its destruction. The changes were prompted by viewer feedback pleading for a happy ending for each toy.
The special's original assortment of characters have acquired iconic status, and an uncertainty surrounding an error in the special's copyright has allowed the special to be widely parodied and imitated in the decades since its original airing. It received only a limited theatrical release before debuting on home video. The movie amplifies the early backstory of Rudolph's harassment by his schoolmates primarily his cousin Arrow during his formative years. It was produced and directed by William R. Animation production services for the film were outsourced to Colorland Animation Productions in Hong Kong.
May's alma mater , published a scholarly paper on Rudolph's red nose in the open access online journal Frontiers for Young Minds in In the paper, Dominy noted that reindeer eyes can perceive shorter wavelengths of light than humans, allowing them to see ultraviolet light; ultraviolet light, however, is much more easily scattered in fog, which would blind reindeer. He then taunts Rudolph by saying Zoey is only nice to him because she feels sorry for him.
Rudolph says that's not true, but Arrow says it is and that Zoey told him so. Angry at these taunts, Rudolph's nose lights up and causes Arrow and his elf driver to crash.
Rudolph and his driver Doggle win, but due to his nose going off, Rudolph is disqualified for supposedly cheating and Arrow is made winner instead. He is joined by Cupid, his uncle Comet and some elves, where Zoey confronts him about the cheating. But a unrepentant and conceited Arrow replies that the point is he won, and Santa is going to notice him. Zoey gets angry at him, saying he's no Flyer and that Flyers are brave and they have character and true hearts like Rudolph.
When Arrow points out that Rudolph has a red nose, therefore unworthy to be a Flyer in his perspective, which causes a disgusted Zoey to call Arrow shallow. Arrow starts to answer back, but is cut off by Zoey, who says that she doesn't want to be his doefriend anymore. Arrow is upset by this and silently walks away from Zoey. Arrow is last seen watching Rudolph returing from helping Santa and the Flyers deliver presents through Stormella 's storm with his nose's light. Arrow is seen happily singing "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" with the other villagers.
This shows that Arrow perhaps had a change of heart and no longer dislikes Rudolph.
In this book based on the film, Arrow appears twice: First when he and other reindeer tell Rudolph that he can never be a Flyer because of his red nose and second at The Junior Reindeer Games during The Sleigh Race where he once again tells Rudolph that he can't be a Flyer with a nose that glows, causing Rudolph's nose to light up which gets him disqualified. Unlike the film, Arrow's relationship with Zoey is never mentioned and that he isn't seen reforming. His fur also changes, with it being gold like in the film in his first appearance and dark brown in his second appearance.
A bird gets killed Keith ONeil via Twitter. Everyone knows that the little reindeer is mocked for his nose until one foggy Christmas night when Santa needs him to light the way. The event is painted as a heartwarming moment, but the implication is far more sinister. The underlying message is that people only accept your differences when they can be exploited in some way and used to benefit them. Hermey the Elf wants to be a dentist.