There is a clear reflection upon death here and it is not a positive one; old age and the path to the grave are seen as a miserable end to a wonderful existence and the personified winter mirrors the harsh and unforgiving conditions of a particularly fierce English winter time. Also explore the imagery of clothing for each season.
These represent the stages of life clearly and represent the purpose of each stage, with winter almost seeming like a way of clinging on or surviving.
You could also perhaps mention the foreshadow of death in Autumn. The farmer reaps his crops with a sickle which is traditionally the weapon carried by Death or the Grim Reaper when he comes to take our souls. The stanzas all share a regular length, rhyme and construction. The final line of each stanza actually acts as an overall summary of each one and gives us an impression as to how the stage of human life is considered by others. Although we get a very different account of Winter, nothing in the rhyme, structure or punctuation suggests a change of pace of feeling and I think the poet is just reflecting on the stages of life as he sees them with no great emotion at any point.
This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Skip to content. Overview This poem follows the cycle of the seasons presenting each as a reflection on human life, from childhood to old ages. Edmund Spenser Context Not a lot to say here. The second is late afternoon, when the hot sun is beating down and makes everyone drowsy.
This poem also shows a progression in the season of autumn itself. It shows the maturing of summer's bounty. The second is mid-autumn, because it is time for harvest. The third is late autumn because the birds are headed south for winter. The first line lays a foundation for the whole lyric. Following this is the brilliant sun conspiring by autumn. Load and bless, the sun embellishes the rattan with grape. Actually, we can say that the sentence also shows us the harvested scenery with kinds of fruit bending on the branches.
As we all know that autumn in England is damp, and it is dry with blue sky and fine weather in China. Unsurprisingly, trees in England are apt to engender mosses, so, the green reflected from trees is obvious enough.
Besides, this stanza guides us to colorful scenery, red from the mature apples, green from mosses in damp trees and other colors from rape or matured grape and thatch-eves. Being deeply affected by the scenery, John Keats describes a scene full of vitality. To a certain extent, he expresses his unintentionally resonance to the energy vitality of nature.
Hollingworth, Esq. A thing of beauty is a joy for ever: Its lovliness increases; it will never Pass into nothingness; but still will keep A bower quiet for us, and a sleep Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing. Among his peculiarities was a very un- skilful and inarticulate manner of pronoun- cing any lofty or solemn composition. Overlooking all his waving snares around. First is the time of day.
It is commonly known that bees are the busiest animal. The continuous blooming flowers in autumn deliver a feeling that warm days never cease. To sum up, in stanza 1, John Keats describes autumn with a series of specific, concrete and vivid images. Personification in this stanza is not very clear. In fact, we can say that, the tranquil emotion is reflected from common objects in autumn, people whoever seeks abroad, and activities including winnowing, reaping, gleaning and pressing.
Thy hair sort-lifted by the winnowing wind. All in all, this stanza provides us the enjoyment of beauty. Among he four figures, the first one is sitting, he second is lying, the third is running, and the last is standing, with which the poet describes the static state. Spares the next swath and all its twined flowers. Moreover, with the applications of succinct language and a variety of rhetoric, John Keats shows us the unique beauty of autumn. Otherwise autumn is listless and even falls asleep. However, the end of the cycle is near. Find other words that indicate slowing down.
Note that Keats describes a reaper who is not harvesting and who is not turning a personality and the autumn is no longer abstract.
Ay, where are they? Think not of them, thou hast thy music too. Through rhythms of autumn, John Keats expresses his attitude: the poet deems that there is music in autumn as well as in sprig, thus, there is no need finding the songs of spring. We can easily judge that the emotion John Keats intends to overflow is relaxed and jubilant. And touch the stubble-plains with rosy hue. It gives us a feeling of thickness, brilliance and warmth.
The using of the word which has the implication of stroking even fondling connects sunrise, clouds and stubble-plains together. With the background of setting sun and stubble-plains, John Keats eulogizes the splendor of autumn. In the second place, it is the full-grow lambs that bleat loudly from hill bourn, it is the hedge-crickets that sing, and it is the red-breast that whistles form a garden-croft.
At last, it is the gathering swallows twitter in the shy. From sky to river, from mountain to garden, John Keats depicts a variety of music. In China, autumn is always associated with sadness and desolation. Yet, in Ode to Autumn, except for the wails of gnats are ad and dreary, sounds from lambs, red-breast and swallows are representatives of cheer and jubilation. Different from China, the sound of the hedge-cricket is an insect standing for happiness in Ode to Autumn. It is harmony with the morn of lambs. Totally speaking, in stanza 3, spring in line one has the same function in stanza 1.
They represent process, and the change of time. Spring is a time of a rebirth of life. And the answer to the question of line 1, where are Spring's songs, is that they are past or dead. The auditory details that follow are autumn's songs. I know that Keats wrote Ode to Autumn shortly before his death, but to me this poem is more about the approaching death of Keats and the autumn prior to the ravages and harshness of winter. It is a romantic poem, of opportunities missed and pleasant gains. It contrasts with the misery and day to day life, with a progressive illness in the early 19th century, which only opium can offer some respite.
Keats was clearly in a bad way, although facing his death, and the very intensity, passion and clarity of poem reflects this. The Poetic Characteristics of Ode to Autumn As we all know that a poet expresses his emotion by means of describing sceneries or depicting activities. The clue sometimes can be found in words or lines, sometimes it is vague. However, anyway, each lyric has its own characteristics. In Ode to Autumn, John Keats uses various skills o show his deep love and praise to autumn, including the application of high generation, imagination, intensive emotion and kinds of rhetoric.
Poetry, as a concise article form, should contain plentiful contents in limited lines. In order to reflect abundant and profound contents, experienced poets choose subjects that are the most typical symptom of life. Most people worked at home in rural areas.
A few worked in shops in towns as part of associations called guilds. The Industrial Revolution eventually took manufacturing out of the home and workshop. Power-driven machines replaced handwork, and factories developed as the best way of bringing together the machines and the workers to operate them.
As the Industrial Revolution grew, private investors and financial institutions were needed to provide money for the further expansion of industrialization. Financiers and banks thus became as important as industrialists and factories in the growth of the revolution. For the first time in European history, wealthy business leaders called capitalists took over the control and organization of manufacturing. The rest lived in small towns and villages scattered across the countryside.
These people spent most of their working day farming. Unless they could sell surplus food in nearby towns, they grew little more than they needed for themselves. The people in rural areas made most of their own clothing, furniture, and tools from raw materials produced on the farms or in forests. Before the Industrial Revolution, some industry existed throughout western Europe. A little manufacturing was carried on in guild shops in towns.
Craftworkers in the shops worked with simple tools to make such products as cloth, hardware, jewelry, leather goods, silverware, and weapons. Some products made in the towns were exchanged for food raised in the countryside.
Town products were also exported to pay for luxuries imported from abroad, or they were sent to the colonies in payment for raw materials. Most manufacturing, however, took place in homes in rural areas. Merchants called entrepreneurs distributed raw materials to workers in their homes and collected the finished products. The entrepreneurs owned the raw materials, paid for the work, and took the risk of finding a market for their products.
They often spread their operations to include workers in nearby villages. In the home, the whole family worked together making clothing, food products, textiles, and wood products.